Condition category
Not Applicable
Date applied
09/09/2019
Date assigned
11/10/2019
Last edited
10/09/2019
Prospective/Retrospective
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Work stress is an important problem among employees in education in the Netherlands. The present study aims to investigate the effects of a guideline for the implementation of a participatory organizational level stress prevention intervention to reduce job demands, increase resources (autonomy, supervisor and coworker support) and to reduce work stress and increase job satisfaction of employees in primary education.
This study makes use of a multiple case study research design with mixed methods. Questionnaires were filled out by 119 employees of 5 primary schools at baseline and one year later, measuring job demands, resources, work stress, job satisfaction and implementation factors. Per school five interviews were conducted to collect detailed information on the implementation process.

Who can participate?
The study has already been carried out. Participants were all employees of the 5 participating schools

What does the study involve?
The intervention implemented in the five schools is a participatory, organizational level work stress intervention targeted at job demands and resources as the sources of work stress. The intervention is implemented in all participating schools according to the same protocol, as described in detail in the work stress prevention guideline, during a period of 12 months (March 2016 - March 2017). The intervention consists of five successive steps aiming to facilitate the formulation, implementation and evaluation of specific work stress measures. These steps are: 1) preparation, 2) risk assessment, 3) action planning, 4) implementation, and 5) evaluation. The implementation process of the intervention is facilitated and coordinated by an intervention facilitator in all the five schools.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
The study is expected to reduce job demands and increase resources of employees, and in addition reduce work stress and increase job satisfaction. No risks are foreseen for participants.

Where is the study run from?
The study is run from TNO, Netherlands

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
January 2016 to July 2017

Who is funding the study?
The implementation of the stress prevention guideline and data collection was funded by Arbeidsmarktplatform PO. The writing of the article was funded by TNO and financially supported by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment in the Netherlands.

Who is the main contact?
Maartje Bakhuys Roozeboom
maartje.bakhuysroozeboom@tno.nl

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Miss Maartje Bakhuys Roozeboom

ORCID ID

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7796-7808

Contact details

Wouwermanstraat 105
Haarlem
2023 XE
Netherlands
+31 6 19352778
maartje.bakhuysroozeboon@tno.nl

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

Nil known

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Nil known

Protocol/serial number

1

Study information

Scientific title

Decreasing employees’ work stress by a participatory, organizational level intervention in primary education: a multiple-case study

Acronym

Study hypothesis

1. The level of job demands will decrease and the level of resources (autonomy, supervisor and coworkers support) will increase between baseline and follow-up (proximal outcomes)
2. The level of work stress will decrease and the level of job satisfaction will increase between baseline and follow-up (distal outcomes)
3. The implementation factors (participation, communication and dialogue on stress) will positively affect the decrease in job demands and the increase in resources between baseline and follow-up
4. The implementation factors (participation, communication and dialogue on stress) will positively affect the decrease in work stress and the increase in job satisfaction between baseline and follow-up

Ethics approval

In the Netherlands, a study needs ethical approval when it falls under the scope of the Medical Research Involving Human Subjects Act (WMO). Research with human subjects only falls under the WMO if there is an infringement of the physical and/or psychological integrity of the subject, we had strong reasons to believe that our study did not require ethical approval.

Study design

Multiple case study research design with mixed methods

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Non randomised study

Trial setting

Schools

Trial type

Prevention

Patient information sheet

No participant information sheet available

Condition

Work stress, job satisfaction, job demands and resources

Intervention

The intervention implemented in the five schools is a participatory, organizational level work stress intervention targeted at job demands and resources as the sources of work stress. The intervention is implemented in all participating schools according to the same protocol, as described in detail in the work stress prevention guideline, during a period of 12 months (March 2016 - March 2017). The intervention consists of five successive steps aiming to facilitate the formulation, implementation and evaluation of specific work stress measures.
These steps are:
1. Preparation
2. Risk assessment
3. Action planning
4. Implementation
5. Evaluation

The implementation process of the intervention is facilitated and coordinated by an intervention facilitator in all the five schools.

Intervention type

Mixed

Phase

Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Work stress and job satisfaction measured by means of a questionnaire at baseline and follow-up (12-months)

Secondary outcome measures

Job demands and resources measured by means of a questionnaire at baseline and follow-up (12-months)

Overall trial start date

01/10/2015

Overall trial end date

01/07/2017

Reason abandoned (if study stopped)

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

Employees of the 5 participating schools

Participant type

Other

Age group

Adult

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

A total of 199 employees of 5 primary schools are invited to participate.

Participant exclusion criteria

None

Recruitment start date

01/01/2016

Recruitment end date

01/03/2016

Locations

Countries of recruitment

Netherlands

Trial participating centre

TNO
Anna van Buerenplein 1
Den Haag
2595 DA
Netherlands

Sponsor information

Organisation

TNO

Sponsor details

Anna van Buerenplein 1
Den Haag
2595 DA
Netherlands
+31 88 866 00 00
maartje.bakhuysroozeboom@tno.nl

Sponsor type

Research organisation

Website

http://www.tno.nl

Funders

Funder type

Research organisation

Funder name

Arbeidsmarkt Platform Primair Onderwijs (Labor Market Primary Education Platform)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

The results of the effect and process evaluation are planned to be submitted in a peer-reviewed journal in 2019

IPD sharing statement:
The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request

Intention to publish date

01/11/2019

Participant level data

Stored in repository

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

10/09/2019: Trial’s existence confirmed by Arbeidsmarkt Platform Primair Onderwijs (Labor Market Primary Education Platform)