Condition category
Infections and Infestations
Date applied
13/03/2017
Date assigned
16/03/2017
Last edited
16/03/2017
Prospective/Retrospective
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Ongoing
Recruitment status
Recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Hepatitis C is a type of liver disease, which is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Over time, the virus causes the liver to become irreversibly scarred (cirrhosis), eventually leading to liver failure. Treatment for long-term (chronic) HCV has evolved rapidly in the last few years, with licensing of new oral treatments (pills) which are highly successful at clearing the virus and enabling a cure. Despite this however, some patients remain relatively more difficult to cure. These include patients infected with type 3 HCV and with advanced liver disease. In the UK, up to half of all people infected with HCV have type 3 virus. Standard treatment in the UK for patients with type 3 HCV and advanced liver disease is a 12 week course of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (trade name Epclusa). It is known that such patients may require an additional drug, ribavirin, to improve cure rates. However, ribavirin is associated with many unpleasant side effects such as anaemia (low blood count), tiredness, and cough. International guidelines recommend extending Epclusa treatment to 24 weeks in order to avoid ribavirin in patients who may not tolerate such side effects. Given the high costs of Epclusa it is important to have ways to identify which patients are best treated with the extended 24 weeks rather than standard 12 weeks. There is increasing evidence that early response on treatment predicts the likelihood of cure for some HCV therapies in type 3 virus infected patients – patients who clear the virus slowly during therapy are more likely to fail treatment. The aim of this study is to find out whether 24 weeks of Epclusa treatment improves cure rates compared to the standard duration of 12 weeks in patients who are slow responders to Epclusa treatment.

Who can participate?
Adults with genotype 3 HCV cirrhosis and a slow early response to Epclusa.

What does the study involve?
Patients who agree to participate are randomly allocated (by computer programme) to receive standard treatment (12 weeks of Epclusa) or extended treatment (24 weeks of Epclusa). The study looks at which treatment leads to a higher proportion of HCV cure. Participants are reviewed monthly with blood tests monitoring, until three months after end of treatment, to determine through blood tests if HCV cure has been achieved.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Participants allocated to the extension treatment may benefit from an improved chance of cure, however this is not known for sure. There is a small risk of pain or bruising from blood testing.

Where is the study run from?
1. Royal London Hospital (UK)
2. King’s College Hospital (UK)
3. St George’s Hospital (UK)
4. Royal Free Hospital (UK)
5. St Mary’s Hospital (UK)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
January 2015 to October 2018

Who is funding the study?
National Institute for Health Research (UK)

Who is the main contact?
Dr Michelle Cheung
michelle.cheung@qmul.ac.uk

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Public

Primary contact

Dr Michelle Cheung

ORCID ID

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7144-618X

Contact details

Centre of Immunobiology
Blizard Institute
4 Newark Street
London
E1 2AT
United Kingdom
+44 7787 526880
michelle.cheung@qmul.ac.uk

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

2016-000599-87

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

33488

Study information

Scientific title

Response guided therapy with sofosbuvir and velpatasvir for 12 or 24 weeks in patients with genotype 3 chronic hepatitis C virus: is longer therapy worthwhile?

Acronym

Extend-3

Study hypothesis

The aim of this study is to evaluate cure rates in patients with genotype 3 HCV cirrhosis and a slow early response to Epclusa, to evaluate if 24 weeks is better than 12 weeks of treatment.

Ethics approval

London-West London & GTAC REC, 22/11/2016, ref: 16/LO/0879

Study design

Randomised; Interventional; Design type: Treatment, Drug

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Hospitals

Trial type

Treatment

Patient information sheet

See additional files

Condition

Specialty: Hepatology, Primary sub-specialty: Hepatology; UKCRC code/ Disease: Infection/ Sequelae of infectious and parasitic diseases, Infection/ Viral hepatitis

Intervention

A total of 60 patients will be randomized (between weeks 8-12) to receive a total of 12 weeks of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir treatment (standard therapy) or 24 weeks of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (extended therapy which is being studied in the trial). There will be 30 patients in each treatment group (1:1). Block randomization will be performed and participants stratified by compensated or decompensated cirrhosis at baseline.

Follow up is the same for both treatment groups – patients will be seen once/ month until 3 months after treatment end. At this point, SVR rates will indicate if the patient has been cured of hepatitis C virus infection.

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Phase IV

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Proportion of patients in each group (12 or 24 weeks of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir) with undetectable HCV RNA (below limit of quantification up to 15 IU/mL) in serum at 12 weeks (+ 4 weeks) after end of treatment (SVR12).

Secondary outcome measures

1. Proportion of patients in each group requiring premature treatment discontinuation, reported in patient notes, throughout the treatment period
2. Proportion of patients in each group who developed serious adverse events, reported in patient notes, throughout the trial period
3. Quality of life, measured as SF36 questionnaire scores, in each treatment group at end of study treatment and end of study follow-up (12 weeks post-treatment end)

Overall trial start date

01/01/2015

Overall trial end date

20/10/2018

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Voluntarily signed informed consent form
2. Aged 18 years or older
3. Chronic HCV infection, defined by anti-HCV antibody or HCV RNA detection for greater than 6 months
4. Infected with genotype 3 HCV (identified by referring hospital)
5. Meets NHS England treatment criteria to commence sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
6. Pre-treatment HCV RNA >10,000 iu/mL (can be any time before treatment week 0)
7. HCV RNA > or equal to 30 iu/mL at treatment week 2 (+/- 3 days)
8. Has cirrhosis defined by: evidence of portal hypertension, OR APRI >2 plus AST:ALT ratio >1, OR radiological evidence of cirrhosis, OR fibroscan score >11.5kPa, OR liver biopsy showing cirrhosis
9. Patients with decompensated cirrhosis (variceal bleeding, ascites and encephalopathy) can be included
10. Patients with malignancy including hepatocellular carcinoma can be included
11. Patients with liver transplant can be included
12. Patients coinfected with chronic hepatitis B virus or human immunodeficiency virus can be included
13. Female subjects of childbearing potential must have documented negative pregnancy test prior to enrolment (negative urinary pregnancy test), and if engaged in heterosexual intercourse must use protocol specified method of contraception (see below) during study drug treatment and for 30 days after last dose
14. Male subjects engaged in heterosexual intercourse with a female of childbearing potential should protocol specified method of contraception during study drug treatment and for 30 days after last dose

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Adult

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

Planned Sample Size: 60; UK Sample Size: 60

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Any of the above inclusion criteria not met
2. Any of the following criteria excludes a subject from enrolling into this study
3. Clinically-significant medical or psychiatric illness (other than chronic HCV) in the past, present, or being evaluated, that may interfere with participant treatment, safety, assessment or compliance with the protocol.
4. Severe renal impairment with eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73m2 or requiring dialysis
5. Alcohol consumption or illicit drug abuse likely to interfere with participant treatment, safety, assessment or compliance with protocol, as deemed by the investigator
6. Previous exposure to sofosbuvir (or other NS5B inhibitor) or NS5A inhibitor
7. Severe allergy to study drugs, its metabolites or formulation excipient (see SmPC for details)
8. Any investigational medicinal product ≤ 6 weeks prior to treatment start
9. Pregnant or nursing female, or males wishing to conceive during the period of study treatment + 30 days after
10. Patients who adhered to less than 90% of prescribed sofosbuvir/velpatasvir at screening
11. In accordance with the SmPC of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir concomitant use of the following medications are contraindicated:
11.1. Anticonvulsants - carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, oxcarbazepine
11.2. Antimycobacterials – rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine
11.3. Antiretrovirals - efavirenz
11.4. St John’s wort
11.5. Modafinil
11.6. Proton-pump inhibitors should be avoided and if necessary, should be administered 4 hours after at maximum doses equivalent to 20mg omeprazole per day
11.7. Amiodarone should be avoided and if necessary, close monitoring is required
12. Using effective contraception if of child-bearing potential

Recruitment start date

05/04/2017

Recruitment end date

05/01/2018

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Royal London Hospital
Whitechapel Road
London
E1 1BB
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

King’s College Hospital
Denmark Hill
London
SE5 9RS
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

St George’s Hospital
Blackshaw Road
London
SW17 0QT
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Royal Free Hospital
Pond Street
London
NW3 2QG
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

St Mary’s Hospital
Praed Street
London
W2 1NY
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

Queen Mary University of London

Sponsor details

Joint Research Management Office
QM Innovation Building
5 Walden Street
London
E1 2EF
United Kingdom
+44 20 7882 7260
sponsorsrep@bartshealth.nhs.uk

Sponsor type

University/education

Website

Funders

Funder type

Government

Funder name

National Institute for Health Research

Alternative name(s)

NIHR

Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Federal/National Government

Location

United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Planned publication in a high-impact peer reviewed journal, around 1 year after trial end.

IPD Sharing plan:
The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study will be stored in a non-publically available repository: Discovere (available at www.discoverecert.cerner.co.uk)
Access can be granted to representatives from the Sponsor, host institution and regulatory authorities.

Intention to publish date

20/10/2019

Participant level data

Stored in repository

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes