Condition category
Mental and Behavioural Disorders
Date applied
01/02/2007
Date assigned
01/02/2007
Last edited
01/02/2007
Prospective/Retrospective
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Dr Bas Steunenberg

ORCID ID

Contact details

VU University Medical Center
Department of Clinical Psychology
Van der Boechorststraat 1
Amsterdam
1081 BT
Netherlands
+31 (0)20 598 8703
B.Steunenberg@psy.vu.nl

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

N/A

Study information

Scientific title

Acronym

Study hypothesis

Life review therapy will have a positive effect on the level of depressive symptoms of nursing home inhabitants.

Ethics approval

Not provided at time of registration

Study design

Randomised controlled, parallel group trial

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Other

Trial type

Prevention

Patient information sheet

Condition

Depressive symptoms

Intervention

Intervention:
The life review consisted of autobiographical retrieval practice that entailed focusing on a particular life period each week - childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and summary. For each period 14 quesions were asked that were designed to prompt specific memories. Examples of questions include ''What did your mother or father do one day when you were a child that astonished you?''.

Intervention sessions were tape-recorded and were scored by a psychologist. At pre- and post-test the following questionnaires were administered:
1. Depressive symptoms (eight-item Geriatric Depression Scale [GDS-8])
2. Cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination [MMSE])
3. Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders [DSM] diagnoses depression and dysthymia)
4. Anxiety (Hamilton Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS])
5. Loneliness (De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale)
6. Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT)
7. Worrying (Penn State Worry Questionnaire [PSWQ])
8. Neuroticism (Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Five-Factor Inventory [NEO-FFI]-subscale)
9. Quality of life (Dutch Scale for Subjective well-being of the elderly [SSWO], short Portable Mental Status (PMS) questionnaire, ''balans opmaken vragenlijst'')

Control:
Waiting list (after three months).

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Not Specified

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

1. Depression (GDS-8, MINI-interview) and loneliness (De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale)
2. Anxiety, HADS, autobiographical memory (AMT)

Post-treatment one or two weeks after ending intervention (four weeks after inclusion).

Secondary outcome measures

Analysing the influence of covariates on the outcome of the life review therapy (neuroticism [NEO-FFI], worrying [PSWQ-11], quality of life)/mastery (PMS).

Overall trial start date

01/02/2007

Overall trial end date

01/08/2007

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Aged over 65
2. Living in a nursing home
3. Normal cognitive functioning/no signs of dementia
4. No pharmacological treatment

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Senior

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

100

Participant exclusion criteria

1. No or less depressive symptoms
2. Mild or severe cognitive symptoms

Recruitment start date

01/02/2007

Recruitment end date

01/08/2007

Locations

Countries of recruitment

Netherlands

Trial participating centre

VU University Medical Center
Amsterdam
1081 BT
Netherlands

Sponsor information

Organisation

VU University Medical Centre (The Netherlands)

Sponsor details

Department of Clinical Psychology
Van der Boechorststraat 1
Amsterdam
1081 BT
Netherlands

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre

Website

http://www.vumc.nl/english/

Funders

Funder type

Other

Funder name

Stichting Nuts Ohra (The Netherlands)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes