Plain English Summary
Background and study aims
Sistem Informasi Nutrisi Ibu Hamil (Nutrition information system for Pregnant Women) (SISFORNUTRIMIL) is an app to help expectant mothers to monitor their dietary intake, especially in pregnancy periods that have higher risks of inadequate nutrition.
The aims of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) is to examine the impact of SISFORNUTRIMIL application on maternal eating behaviour and associated maternal factors such as weight gain, blood pressure, biochemical measurement (haemoglobin and blood glucose level), and pregnancy outcome (neonatal birth weight). The pregnant women and family may not have the necessary knowledge and skills to estimate nutrient value in food in line with dietary targets and the guidelines, i.e. they do not know whether or not they are consuming the right amount of nutrition needed during pregnancy. The overall aim of SISFORNUTRIMIL application is to help expectant mothers to monitor their dietary intake, especially in pregnancy periods that have higher risks of inadequate nutrition.
Who can participate?
Pregnant women aged 19 years or above, between 13-26 gestation
What does the study involve?
Participants will be randomised to use the SISFORNUTRIMIL app for 12-weeks or read a leaflet about diet in pregnancy. Participants will need to record their food intake for three days each week during the 12-weeks.
What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Through this research, pregnant women will get additional information about nutritional needs during pregnancy and could be self-monitored of nutrition intake to meet pregnancy requirement. In addition, the women will receive health monitoring through the measurements of maternal weight, blood pressure, HB and blood glucose.
There will be no serious risks associated with the participation of pregnant women in this study because there are no actions or treatments that can be endangered or threaten the safety of the mother and baby. There is no supplementation should be consumed by the women. They only consume her daily food, and if the following of food choice as recommendations for alternative consume, the food list based on the Ministry of Health guidelines and is suitable for pregnant women.
The only potential risk, when collecting data, maybe that participant feel the process of antenatal care visits takes longer. However, the researcher will ensure that the questions asked to pregnant women will focus on the related information need, which is not accessible on their medical record. If the participant is tired, the data collection will be stopped temporally and offered the participant to take a rest.
If in collection data show any type potentially concern about unwanted health problems, the researcher will refer the women to health care professionals.
Where is the study run from?
1. Puskesmas Garuda, Indonesia
2. Puskesmas Ibrahim Adjie, Indonesia
When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
December 2019 to April 2020
Who is funding the study?
Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
Who is the main contact?
Mira Trisyani Koeryaman
A Randomized Controlled Trial of Maternal Eating Behaviour by using Nutrition Information System for Pregnant Women (SISFORNUTRIMIL) Application at Bandung City, Indonesia
1. The SISFORNUITRIMIL will reduce imbalance nutrition and binge eating by standard criteria of dietary reference intake for Indonesia pregnant women at three months in a group of web-based application user, thereby improving their proper eating
2. The average level of anthropometric, clinical, and biochemical assessment (pregnancy weight gain, haemoglobin, blood pressure, blood glucose and birth weight) will be within normal limits as a nutritional biomarker and a positive pregnancy outcome
Approved 04/10/2019, Universitas Padjadjaran Research Ethics Committee (Jl. Prof. Eyckman No. 38 Bandung 40161, West Java, Indonesia; +62 22 2038697; firstname.lastname@example.org), ref: 1227/UN6.KEP/EC/2019 (registration number: 0619060938)
Single-centre two-armed randomized control trial
Primary study design
Secondary study design
Randomised controlled trial
Patient information sheet
Not available in web format, participant information sheets will be provided and read directly by participants at maternal and child health clinic.
Healthy pregnant women
The allocation of participants is 1:1 to the SISFORNUTRIMIL application user and non-user application. The matched pair criteria determined by two groups’ similarity such as maternal age based on age range (19 to 29 years and 30 to 49 years), gestational age (trimester 1 and 2), parity (primipara and multipara), education level (secondary and higher education), and social-economic status represented by monthly household income (under and over on minimum wages in West Java). The allocation between intervention and control groups was done using the free online randomizer "QuickCalcs by GraphPad"
1. The participants who recruited into intervention group will open the SISFORNUTRIMIL application through http://www.sisfornutrimil.com
2. Participants were asked and instructed to record all meals, snacks and drinks had they eat for three days per week during 12 weeks by selecting food on the application. The food list has been grouped into seven food groups. They had to select two weekdays (on Monday and Friday) and one weekend (Sunday) when the women were eating and drink normally. It will be made more accessible for women to remember the day.
3. The women must pay attention to food and drinks size, if the food they had eaten is not in the list, they should input the name of food or drink in “other choices”.
4. The women are asked to access "food intake suggestions" and choose a list of foods with portion size as alternative food choices for consumption
1. Participants will be given the leaflet about general information of pregnancy and diet, and paper-based food record (the material used is a standard property that has been provided by a health centre)
2. The participants are asked to record everything had eaten and drunk for three days each week by filing in the "Food record" form (paper-based). They had to select two weekdays and one weekend when the women were regularly eating and drink for 12 weeks.
Participants will get clinical assessment measurements three times: The first measurement (baseline assessment) will be done a week before the mother uses the application includes measurements of maternal weight, blood pressure, HB examination and blood glucose. The second measurement includes measurements of maternal body weight, blood pressure, HB and blood glucose tests that will be performed after 12 weeks. The blood as much as 3 cc drawn by local laboratory staff and it is free of charge. In addition, in the first and second measurement, all participants will fill in eating habit questionnaires.
Primary outcome measure
Maternal eating behaviour measured using self-report three times per week for 12 weeks
Secondary outcome measures
1. Clinical and biochemical effects of diet measured using MDD-W and biochemical sample at baseline and three months
2. Neonatal birth weight
Overall trial start date
Overall trial end date
Reason abandoned (if study stopped)
Participant inclusion criteria
1. Pregnant women aged at least 19 years
2. Gestational age between 13-26 weeks
3. Outpatients in the maternal and child health clinic of PUSKESMAS and received regular antenatal care
Target number of participants
Total final enrolment
Participant exclusion criteria
1. Pregnant women with serious medical condition such as food allergy, bulimia and chronic illness
2. Diagnosed with a mental illness patient
3. Non-permanent patients of PUSKESMAS
4. Do not have any devices
5. Participants who fall in the inclusion criteria but do not give or lack the capacity to give consent
Recruitment start date
Recruitment end date
Countries of recruitment
Trial participating centre
Jalan Dadali No. 81 Garuda Andir Kota Bandung West Java
Trial participating centre
Puskesmas Ibrahim Adjie
Adjie. Jalan Ibrahim Adjie No.88 Kebonwaru Batununggal Kota Bandung West Java
Jl. Raya Bandung - Sumedang Km. 21 Jatinangor
+62 22 84288828
University of Portsmouth
St Michael's building
White Swan Road
Funding Body Type
Funding Body Subtype
Results and Publications
Publication and dissemination plan
The researcher will covered the costs of dissemination administration includes publication. Research reports may be disseminated in debriefing workshops to other investigators, health professionals, and policymakers. There are five key audiences for this research, these are: community nursing service provider staff, external statutory organisations (provision health office), obstetricians, nutritionist, and academia
In addition to dissemination, activities will include publication from this research related to the following titles:
Nutrition information system (SISFORNUTRIMIL) application With Online Food Record for Indonesia Pregnant Women: Protocol for Randomized Controlled Trial1st article for publication.
IPD sharing statement:
The current data sharing plans for this study are unknown and will be available at a later date
Intention to publish date
Participant level data
To be made available at a later date
Basic results (scientific)
- ISRCTN42690828_PROTOCOL_v1.pdf Uploaded 08/11/2019