Plain English Summary
Background and study aims:
The present study was an attempt to investigate the effect of communication skills training on social empowerment and social adjustment of adolescents with an intellectual disability.
Who can participate?
The population of the study consisted of all female students aged between 13-15-years who were studying at special schools in the city of Ghaen during 2018.
What does the study involve?
The experimental group receives 10 group Communication Skill training sessions and the control group receives no education.
What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
The benefits of this training are that it enhances communication skills and social empowerment and social adjustment in teens with a learning disability. There is no risk to the participants.
Where is the study run from?
Psychological Center Tolou (Personal), Khorasan, Ghaenat, Iran
When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
April 2019 to August 2019
Who is funding the study?
Investigator-initiated and funded
Who is the main contact?
Communication skills training on social empowerment and social adjustment of adolescents with an intellectual disability
This study attempts to evaluate the impact of communication skills training on social empowerment and social adjustment of adolescents with an intellectual disability.
Approved 06/05/2019, Institute Mobtakran Regional Research Ethics Committee (Khorasan, Ghaenat, Iran; +989159616152; firstname.lastname@example.org), ref: IMP6520.
Control-Group Pretest-Posttest Quasi-Experimental study, randomised controlled trial
Primary study design
Secondary study design
Randomised controlled trial
Patient information sheet
Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a participant information sheet
Mild mental retardation
After the selection of samples, subjects’ teachers or parents filled the social competence scale (social empowerment) and Vineland’s social maturity scale. 24 students in the sample available sample population (census) were selected and randomly divided into two groups: control (n = 12) and experimental (n = 12). The experimental group received 10 sessions of 45 minutes during the first months of training in communication skills were the control group did not receive the intervention. The intervention group did not receive any training though, the subjects filled the same questionnaires after a week.
An introduction to the goals, elaboration of some social communication techniques, statement of goals.
Starting and termination a useful communication, barriers to effective communication, elaboration of the communication model.
Non-verbal language and interpretation of that, physical characteristics and environmental factors in non-verbal communication.
Different types of listening, barriers to listening, mastery of listening skills during a communication.
Reflection of emotions and concepts, verbal sympathy and presentation of decisive but flexible responses.
Different types of Self-Assertiveness, their benefits and functions, social communication techniques.
Having the courage to say "No". the six stages of self- Assertiveness, power enhancement
Conflict and its different types, personal and group conflict prevention and inhibition.
Collaborative Problem-solving technique and its applications to problem-solving traps.
Honesty, sympathy and love, formulation and implementation of a commitment letter for employment of communication skills.
Primary outcome measure
1. Social empowerment is measured using the social competence scale
2. The ability of individuals to meet their practical needs and assume responsibilities is measured using the Vineland’s Social Maturity Scale
Secondary outcome measures
Overall trial start date
Overall trial end date
Reason abandoned (if study stopped)
Participant inclusion criteria
1. Aged 13-15 years old.
3. Lack of familial damages induced by divorce or the death of parents.
4. Willingness to participate in research.
5. Girls with an intellectual disability (IQ: 50-70).
6. Informed consent of parents.
Target number of participants
Total final enrolment
Participant exclusion criteria
Acute physical or psychological diseases.
Recruitment start date
Recruitment end date
Countries of recruitment
Trial participating centre
Psychological Center (Personal)
Funding Body Type
Funding Body Subtype
Results and Publications
Publication and dissemination plan
Planned publication in a high-impact peer-reviewed journal.
IPD sharing statement: t
The datasets generated and/or analysed during the current study during this study will be included in the subsequent results publication.
Intention to publish date
Participant level data
Basic results (scientific)
2020 results in https://doi.org/10.7358/ecps-2020-021-taha (added 22/06/2020)