Condition category
Not Applicable
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting
Publication status
Results overdue

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Although human rights have historically been under the scope of governments, it is now widely recognized that multinational corporations impact human rights through their operations, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. The United Nations (UN) has issued widely adopted guidance to corporations recommending that they predict, lessen and monitor human rights impacts. However, to date no commonly agreed upon methodologies for such investigations have been established.
This study aimed to test a methodology for human rights impact assessment and monitoring on a forestry project in southern Tanzania. This methodology was developed not from the environmental or social impact assessment frameworks, but from the health impact assessment framework. Health impact assessment (HIA) provides a valuable balance of transdisciplinary perspective (the study of a relevant issue or problem that integrates the views of multiple disciplines in order to connect new knowledge and deeper understanding to real life experiences) and awareness of human rights measures of sufficiency (i.e. accessibility, affordability, appropriateness and adequacy of care), which can be expanded to the full suite of human rights.
Findings from this study provide new evidence on the effectiveness of human rights impact assessments for predicting and mitigating (reduce) human rights impacts of corporate developments while also examining the relationship between health and human rights as bi-directional.

Who can participate?
All project area inhabitants who are potentially affected – either positively or negatively – by the project can participate. Key informants include project managers (in environmental, human resources and operations departments), educators, health practitioners and local leaders and authorities. Community members (referred to as “rightsholders”) engaged in discussions of human rights-related topics include employees, former employees, first and second wives, the elderly, the young (including school-aged children), single-mothers, union members and non-unionized workers, and the ill.

What does the study involve?
Study participation is voluntary in semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions pertaining to daily life and perceptions. Consent is acquired orally, owing to low literacy rates (<50%). Interview questions focus on topics of labour, local politics, economics, health, education, empowerment (make someone stronger and more confident, especially in controlling their life and claiming their rights), discrimination and culture. Focus groups aim to identify topics of shared concern related to livelihood and empowerment.
Responses will be coded for relevance to human rights listed in the International Bill of Rights (UN, 1948, 1967a, 1976b).

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Participants will provide qualitative data to supplement quantitative data acquired from clinicians, educators and local leaders on human rights conditions. Identified negative human rights impacts will be analysed to develop plans, which will be monitored.
Often human rights-related topics are sensitive and personal. Interviewers are trained in the cultural-epidemiological method (known as EMIC) interviewing to accommodate the emotional challenges associated with certain health, social and stigma-related questions (pertaining to, for example, HIV status, relationships between first- and second wives, and mistreatment at the workplace). Because sensitive topics are discussed anonymity is respected for all interviewees.

Where is the study run from?
The study is conducted in Uchindile and Kitete villages in rural Iringa District, Tanzania. Interviews are conducted at the clinic, school and streamside, as well as in residences and public spaces such as restaurants.

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
The study started in December 2008 and ran until December 2010. A final monitoring visit is scheduled for mid-2013.

Who is funding the study?
The study is funded by NomoGaia, a US-based think tank dedicated to clarifying the role of business in human rights worldwide.

Who is the main contact?
Ms. Kendyl Salcito

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Mr Kendyl Salcito


Contact details

57 Socinstrasse
+41 61 284 81 11

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

Human Rights Impact Assessment of harvesting operations at Green Resources’ Uchindile Forest: The health impact assessment framework repurposed: a mixed-method analysis study



Study hypothesis

The Green Resources’ Uchindile Forest project in Tanzania has human rights impacts and these can be predicted, analysed and mitigated. The methods employed in assessment of health impacts can be expanded to achieve this.

Ethics approval

The initial assessment was conducted not as scientific research but as quasi-journalistic investigation. The team was invited by the company in question to examine human rights impacts. As such, work fell under the umbrella of corporate study, rather than scientific study. There are currently no protocols for seeking ethical approval for corporate social responsibility (CSR) studies. Ethical approval will be sought for all follow-up work at this site, as investigation will include personal interviews and consideration of health records.

Study design

Mixed-method analysis incorporating qualitative and quantitative data coded by human rights implications

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Cohort study

Trial setting


Trial type

Quality of life

Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Human rights impacts of corporate projects


Participants contributed inputs into an analytical framework for assessing human rights impacts. Impacts deemed negative in an established scoring process were earmarked for mitigation. Mitigation measures address negative impacts on the rights to food, water, favourable working conditions, unionization, standard of living, housing, health, non-discrimination and education.

Follow-up monitoring – involving interviews with rightsholders, analysis of environmental monitoring data, and corporate policy review – is used to quantify changes in impacts (i.e. improvements in impacts from negative to positive, or exacerbation of negative impacts).

Intervention type



Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Changes in human rights conditions

Secondary outcome measures

1. Changes in corporate policies and practices
2. Changes in local understandings of equity and human rights

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Project area inhabitant, all ages, male or female
2. Oral informed consent by participants (parents/guardians of minors)

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants

Approximately 200

Participant exclusion criteria

No consent

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment


Trial participating centre

57 Socinstrasse

Sponsor information


Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Switzerland)

Sponsor details

57 Socinstrasse
+41 61 284 81 29

Sponsor type

Research organisation



Funder type

Research organisation

Funder name

NomoGaia, Denver (USA)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Funder name

NewFields, Colorado (USA)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Funder name

Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel (Switzerland).

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes