Condition category
Infections and Infestations
Date applied
31/05/2020
Date assigned
02/06/2020
Last edited
02/07/2020
Prospective/Retrospective
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Ongoing
Recruitment status
Recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Paediatricians worldwide are seeing rapidly increasing numbers of children with a wide spectrum of inflammatory syndromes temporally associated with the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic. These emerging disorders appear to represent unusual responses to COVID-19 driven by children’s immune systems, with overlapping features with Kawasaki Disease (KD), a rare paediatric inflammatory disorder.
Currently, paediatricians around the world are managing these patients with treatments that they judge to be best for their patients with the resources they have available; these include a range of anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory treatments. Furthermore, many centres will not have certain treatments available due to a worldwide shortage of many agents as a result of their use in COVID-19 patients. This has raised urgent questions for children, families and their clinicians, including: are there clinical or blood markers which predict disease severity? Do the available anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory treatments improve the outcomes including reducing the risk of coronary artery aneurysms? What are the risks and benefits of these treatments? What is the risk of long-term complications, e.g. coronary artery aneurysm, and how does this relate to syndrome and severity?
The aim of this study is to collect anonymised data on all patients with this emerging condition using an online case report form. Capturing the patient’s clinical findings, inflammatory markers, treatments and outcomes will allow a careful analysis of these data to advance the understanding of these disorders and their complications and rapidly provide answers on the questions as to which patients to treat, which treatments work and which may be harmful.

Who can participate?
Clinicians from across the world are welcome to join the study and enrol any patient with a suspected inflammatory condition associated with SARS-CoV-2 onto the online database. Detailed inclusion criteria will be sent to prospective project partners.

What does the study involve?
The study involves the collection of non-identifiable routinely collected clinical data on confirmed or suspected cases of a new inflammatory syndrome associated with COVID-19 from across the UK and globally. A secure online database system (REDCap) will be used for data collection. If a centre wants to take part in the study, they will nominate a lead for their institution, who will be provided with an individual REDCap account and a user guide for entering data onto the REDCap database. Doctors caring for patients in emergency departments, wards or intensive care units will identify patients meeting the study criteria. The relevant patients can then be enrolled onto the REDCap database and data entered retrospectively. Data will then be analysed by the study management team to address the primary and secondary objectives.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Each clinical site that joins the study will become part of an international “BATS consortium” and the data submitted to the online database will be used to address essential questions regarding a new inflammatory syndrome associated with COVID-19. Project partners will have access to records entered from their site only. There are no risks involved with participating.

Where is the study run from?
Imperial College London (UK)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
May 2020 to May 2022

Who is funding the study?
Investigator initiated and funded

Who is the main contact?
Prof. Michael Levin
Unfortunately, this study is not recruiting public volunteers at this time. This is because the research isn’t ready for volunteers yet or the researchers are directly identifying volunteers in certain areas or hospitals. Please do not contact the research team as they will not be able to respond. For more information about COVID-19 research, visit the Be Part of Research homepage.

Trial website

https://bestavailabletreatmentstudy.co.uk/

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Prof Michael Levin

ORCID ID

Contact details

Imperial College London
London
W2 1PG
United Kingdom
+44 (0)20 7594 3760
m.levin@imperial.ac.uk

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

Nil known

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Nil known

Protocol/serial number

IRAS 284825

Study information

Scientific title

Best available treatment study for inflammatory syndromes associated with SARS-CoV-2

Acronym

BATS

Study hypothesis

Administration of drugs to regulate or suppress the immune system (immunomodulators, e.g. immunoglobulin, steroids, anti-TNF, IL1-inhibitors, IL6- inhibitors, ciclosporin) will result in more rapid resolution of fever and inflammation, prevent disease progression, reduce the need for intensive care or organ support and reduce the risk of children developing coronary artery aneurysms and other long-term complications.

Ethics approval

Approved 08/06/2020, London - Camden & Kings Cross Research Ethics Committee (NHSBT Newcastle Blood Donor Centre, Holland Drive, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4NQ, UK; +44 (0)207 104 8068, +44 (0)207 104 8222; camdenandkingscross.rec@hra.nhs.uk), REC ref: 20/HRA/2957

Study design

Observational cohort study

Primary study design

Observational

Secondary study design

Cohort study

Trial setting

Hospitals

Trial type

Treatment

Patient information sheet

There is no direct patient involvement, therefore no patient information sheet. Each centre who expresses interest in joining the study will be sent detailed instructions. These are not available in web format, please use contact details to request a participant information sheet

Condition

A spectrum of new inflammatory syndromes associated with COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 infection)

Intervention

The researchers will study routinely collected non-identifiable data from patients presenting to hospitals worldwide with clearly defined clinical phenotypes.

Study size:
The researchers anticipate recruitment of at least 1800 in total (150 cases from the UK, 50 from the host site). In the last month, since the establishment of a case definition in the UK (RCPCH 1 May 2020), over 100 cases have been reported across the UK and numbers are continuing to rise.

Recruitment process:
Study information including clear guidance on which patients to enrol on the database and how to use the database will be disseminated across UK NHS hospital and internationally, through existing consortia and collaborations as well as international societies. If a centre wants to take part in the study, they will nominate a lead for their institution, who will be provided with user log-in details and a user guide for entering data onto the REDCap database. Paediatric doctors caring for children in emergency departments, wards or intensive care units will identify patients meeting the study criteria. The relevant patients can then be enrolled onto the REDCap database and data entered retrospectively.

Collection of clinical data:
Data will be collected systematically on any patients meeting the study criteria using an online case report form. Patients will be anonymised and identified only by the clinician reporting the case. The severity of each patient’s clinical findings, inflammatory markers and organ dysfunction will be recorded on a daily basis before and after initiation of immunomodulating agents, or during observation (if no specific treatment given). Outcomes including, time in intensive care units, duration of organ support, or death along with the presence of coronary artery aneurysms and any other long term complications will be recorded.

Clinical data recorded for routine clinical care will be entered retrospectively onto the database. There will be no follow up. The database will be open for 2 years for data entry.

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Drug names

Primary outcome measure

1. Comparative effectiveness of different anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory drugs in treating the inflammatory syndrome as measured by:
1.1. Fall in blood inflammatory markers (CRP, pro-calcitonin, ferritin)
1.2. Prevention of cardiac dysfunction (left ventricular function on echocardiogram) and coronary artery aneurysms (z-scores of coronary arteries on echocardiogram)
1.3. Other long-term complications (any long-term disability not present on admission)

Data collected using an online case report form. Clinical data entered onto the online database will span the duration of each patient's hospital stay for that episode of illness.

Secondary outcome measures

1. Proportion dying
2. Proportion requiring intensive/high dependency care
3. Total duration of fever
4. Risk of long-term complications (excluding CAA)
5. Proportion receiving any immunomodulator therapy
6. Proportion receiving individual immunomodulator classes
7. Total number of immunomodulators received per patient
8. Proportion with each organ system involved

Data collected using an online case report form. Clinical data entered onto the online database will span the duration of each patient's hospital stay for that episode of illness.

Overall trial start date

08/05/2020

Overall trial end date

31/05/2022

Reason abandoned (if study stopped)

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Any suspected case of inflammatory condition associated with SARS-CoV-2 in all ages
2. Data entry can be prospective or retrospective

Participant type

Patient

Age group

All

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

1800

Participant exclusion criteria

There are no exclusion criteria

Recruitment start date

08/06/2020

Recruitment end date

31/05/2022

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
St Mary's Hospital Praed Street
London
W2 1NY
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

Imperial College London

Sponsor details

St Mary's Campus
Medical School Building
Norfolk Place
London
W2 1PG
United Kingdom
+44 (0)2075949832
cheuk-fung.wong@imperial.ac.uk

Sponsor type

University/education

Website

http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/

Funders

Funder type

Other

Funder name

Investigator initiated and funded

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Added 16/06/2020:
The researchers plan to disseminate through:
1. Early peer-reviewed publication of analysis using data collected over the first 6-12 months
2. Presentations within relevant clinical and academic fora
3. Communication with patient representative organisations (e.g. Kawasaki Disease UK and Society)
4. Direct media liaison regarding significant findings (e.g. press release and interviews)

IPD sharing statement
The data-sharing plans and agreements are currently being finalised and will be made available at a later date.

Intention to publish date

01/06/2023

Participant level data

To be made available at a later date

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

02/07/2020: Trial website added. 16/06/2020: Publication and dissemination plan and ethics approval details added. 02/06/2020: Trial's existence confirmed by Imperial College London.