Condition category
Not Applicable
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting
Publication status

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Prof Nanette Mutrie


Contact details

Department of Sport
Culture and the Arts
University of Strathclyde
76 Southbrae Drive
G13 1PP
United Kingdom
+44 (0)141 9503371

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

The feasibility of a pedometer-based walking programme in combination with a physical activity consultation in Scottish adults aged 65 years and over in a primary care setting: a randomised controlled trial


WEW 65+

Study hypothesis

Walking has been identified as an ideal mode of exercise to promote physical activity in the general population as well as among older adults. Large knowledge gaps exist on the optimum methods to promote and sustain walking behaviour in older adults. WEW 65+ will investigate the feasibility of a pedometer-based walking programme in combination with a physical activity consultation delivered in primary care. Its target is to help community dwelling older adults aged over 65 years achieve and sustain the physical activity recommendation of 30 minutes of activity at least 5 days of the week. This study will provide evaluative information on recruitment and retention to the study, the feasibility of the intervention and outcome measures that could be useful in designing a definitive randomised controlled trial.

Can a pedometer-based walking programme, in combination with a physical activity consultation delivered in a primary care setting increase and maintain walking behaviour among adults aged over 65 years over a 24 week period?

Ethics approval

NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde Research Ethics Committee, approved on 26/11/2008 (ref: 08/S0701/121)

Study design

Randomised controlled trial

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

GP practices

Trial type

Not Specified

Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Physical activity in older adults


Participants will be randomised into one of two groups: immediate intervention (Group 1) or waiting list control (Group 2). Participants randomised to Group 1 received a 30 minute physical activity consultation with a practice nurse. The participants are given an individualised 12 week walking programme, a pedometer and a booklet containing health advice, walking information and the walking programme. Following the 12 week walking programme, the participants will receive a second individual physical activity consultation focusing on relapse prevention. Participants will receive a written physical activity advice leaflet at this point.

Participants randomised to Group 2 were allocated to a 12 week waiting list and will be requested not to amend their current physical activity levels. After 12 weeks Group 2 received an individualised 12 week walking programme identical to Group 1, a pedometer and a physical activity consultation.

Intervention type



Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Walking behaviour will be assessed using pedometer step counts (NL-1000 pedometer) and accelerometer activity counts (ActivPAL Accelerometer). In the intervention group these measures will be assessed at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. In the waiting list group these measures will be assessed at baseline, 3 months and 6 months.

Secondary outcome measures

Psychological, including the changes in:
1. Mood: Positive And Negative Affects Scale (PANAS)
2. Loneliness: University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) loneliness scale
3. Motor efficacy: perceived motor efficacy scale
4. Quality of life: SF-36v2™ Health Survey (SF-36v2™)

In the intervention group these questionnaires were completed at baseline and 12 weeks. In the waiting list group the questionnaires were completed at baseline, 12 weeks, 24 weeks and 36 weeks.

Two focus groups will be completed with Group 1 at 12 weeks and 24 weeks (post intervention), one involving high adherers, the other of low adherers. A further two focus groups will be conducted with Group 2 at 24 weeks (post intervention), again one consisting of high adherers, the other of low adherers.

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

Independently living men and women aged over 65 years are eligible to enter the trial should they not currently meet the amount of physical activity currently recommended for health benefit.

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. Refusal to take part
2. Already achieved the physical activity recommendations for this group
3. Unable to walk outside independently
4. Unable to understand the rationale behind the trial

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Department of Sport, Culture and the Arts
G13 1PP
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


Chief Scientist Office (UK)

Sponsor details

The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House
Regent Road
United Kingdom

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name

Chief Scientist Office (UK) (grant no: CZH/4/457)

Alternative name(s)


Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Local government


United Kingdom

Funder name

NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde Research and Development Office (UK) (project ref: WN08CH356)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

1. 2012 results in

Publication citations

  1. Results

    Mutrie N, Doolin O, Fitzsimons CF, Grant PM, Granat M, Grealy M, Macdonald H, MacMillan F, McConnachie A, Rowe DA, Shaw R, Skelton DA, Increasing older adults' walking through primary care: results of a pilot randomized controlled trial., Fam Pract, 2012, 29, 6, 633-642, doi: 10.1093/fampra/cms038.

Additional files

Editorial Notes