Condition category
Pregnancy and Childbirth
Date applied
10/10/2019
Date assigned
25/11/2019
Last edited
25/11/2019
Prospective/Retrospective
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Ongoing
Recruitment status
Recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Pre-eclampsia is a condition occurring only in pregnancy, thought to be caused by the way the placenta implants into the wall of the womb. Women with pre-eclampsia can suffer from high blood pressure, problems with their kidneys, liver and blood clotting. The problems with the placenta can mean that the baby’s growth is affected. In some cases the baby can be stillborn. Once diagnosed, the only cure is to deliver the baby. If pre-eclampsia occurs before 37 weeks of pregnancy, women may need to be admitted to hospital to have treatment and monitoring for complications, whilst planning for safe delivery of the baby. Some women become unwell very quickly and need to have their babies delivered; others have long stays in hospital. It can be difficult to identify women at high-risk of severe complications of pre-eclampsia. This study looks at the levels of a protein produced by the placenta called Placenta Growth Factor (PlGF). Women with suspected pre-eclampsia can have a simple blood test for this protein. Studies have shown that women with very low PlGF levels are at greater risk of severe pre-eclampsia and stillbirth. However, it is not known how PlGF levels change over time. When pre-eclampsia is suspected, it is difficult to predict how severely a woman and her baby will be affected. The aim of this study is to find out whether using repeated blood samples can help to reduce severe complications for babies, and for women.

Who can participate?
Pregnant women aged 18 or over suspected of having pre-eclampsia

What does the study involve?
If a woman agrees to take part, she will be asked to sign a consent form, and details about her and her pregnancy will be put into a secure computer database. This will also be noted in her hospital maternity records. The study computer will then select for her to have repeat PlGF-based blood tests with the results known or not known to her, her doctors and her midwives while she is pregnant. There will be a 50:50 chance of being in either study group. She will then have routine bloods to test for pre-eclampsia that will include her first PlGF-based test. Her doctor will then use the results of these tests to guide her care following their hospital standard practice. Depending on the result of the blood tests (including the PlGF-based test), the doctors and midwives will decide if a woman needs to be admitted to hospital or how often they will need to see her again in her pregnancy to make sure she and the baby are okay. When she is asked to have repeat blood tests for routine follow up care, we will ask her for an extra 10 ml or two teaspoons of blood for a PlGF-based test. Depending on which study group she is in, the doctors and midwives will be given or not given the result of the PlGF-based test. If the doctors and midwives are given the PlGF-based test result, they can use this to guide ongoing care, in addition to following their hospital standard practice. If the doctors and midwives are not given the PlGF-based test results ongoing antenatal care will be exactly the same as if women were not taking part in the study. Women will only be asked to provide an extra blood sample for this study once per week or once every two weeks (depending on the result of the first test) and only for a maximum of four times during their pregnancy.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
The first PARROT study showed that some women may spend less time in hospital, and if they have an abnormal result they may benefit from their doctors and midwives having more information about their pre-eclampsia condition. There are no expected serious side effects to having the blood tests and participants will be having blood tests as part of their normal clinical care.

Where is the study run from?
1. Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
2. Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
3. Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust (UK)
4. Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
5. Royal United Hospitals Bath NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
6. Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
7. St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
8. Kingston Hospital NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
9. Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
10. North Bristol NHS Trust (UK)
11. University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
12. Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust (UK)
13. NHS Lothian (UK)
14. Ashford and St Peter's Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
15. Croydon Health Services NHS Trust (UK)
16. Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
17. University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
18. Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust (UK)
19. Warrington and Halton Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (UK)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
April 2019 to November 2021

Who is funding the study?
1. Moulton Charitable Trust (UK)
2. Tommy's Baby Charity (UK)

Who is the main contact?
Dr Louise Webster
louise.m.webster@kcl.ac.uk

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Public

Primary contact

Dr Louise Webster

ORCID ID

Contact details

St. Thomas's Hospital
249 Westminster Bridge Road
London
SE1 7EH
United Kingdom
+44 (0)20 7188 3639
louise.m.webster@kcl.ac.uk

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

Nil known

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Nil known

Protocol/serial number

265824; CPMS: 43092

Study information

Scientific title

Placental growth fActor Repeat sampling for Reduction of adverse perinatal Outcomes in women with suspecTed pre-eclampsia

Acronym

PARROT-2

Study hypothesis

Repeat PlGF-based testing, in women presenting with suspected preterm pre-eclampsia, reduces adverse perinatal outcomes (perinatal death/neonatal unit admission).

Ethics approval

Approved 11/11/2019, East of England - Cambridge East Research Ethics Committee (The Old Chapel, Royal Standard Place, Nottingham, NG1 6FS, UK; Tel: +44 (0)207 104 8101; Email: NRESCommittee.EastofEngland-CambridgeEast@nhs.net), ref: 19/EE/0322

Study design

Multi-centre randomised controlled trial

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Hospitals

Trial type

Diagnostic

Patient information sheet

Not available in web format

Condition

Pre-eclampsia

Intervention

Multi-centre RCT of revealed versus concealed repeat PlGF-based testing in women presenting with suspected pre-eclampsia between 22+0 and 35+6 weeks’ gestation. The trial will be conducted in at least 15 maternity units across England. Recruitment will run for approximately 18 months in total.

All women participating in the trial will have an initial revealed PlGF-based test, allowing the clinician to formulate an individualised management plan.

Randomisation will be via a secure web-based platform (MedSciNet) with 50% of women assigned to revealed repeat PlGF-based testing and 50% of women assigned concealed repeat PlGF-based testing.

For the trial, the women will be asked to provide one extra tube of blood (as far as possible at the same time as clinical blood samples) up to four times during the rest of their pregnancy as per the schedule below. The results of the repeat PlGF-based test will be revealed to the health care professionals and the women in the intervention arm and used in addition to the other clinical features to inform ongoing management plan integrated with the NICE Hypertension in Pregnancy Guideline. The results of the repeat tests will be concealed in the usual care arm. It is recognised that some women will only provide one sample; from previous studies it is anticipated that most women will provide two samples as the majority of women will be delivered within that time interval.

For both the revealed repeat testing and concealed repeat testing groups, the repeat sampling strategy will be based on the first PlGF test result as follows:
1. If PlGF ≤100 pg/ml (including women <12 pg/ml) or sFlt-1/PlGF ratio >38, i.e. at higher risk, sampling will be weekly whilst attending for clinical review.
2. If PlGF >100 pg/ml or SFlt-1/PlGF ratio ≤38 (lower risk) and asymptomatic of pre-eclampsia, sampling will be every two weeks (+/- 7 days) whilst attending for routine antenatal checks. If a woman presents ≥7 days from last sample and is symptomatic, an additional sample can be taken and reported.

Women will only be asked to provide repeat samples while they are still pregnant and pregnancy outcome data for mother and baby will be collected by the site research teams from care records without the need for further review in person of the participants.

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Composite of:
1. Stillbirth defined as death of a fetus after 24 weeks' gestation and before birth collected by 6 weeks post birth
2. Early neonatal death defined as death occurring within the first 7 days of life collected by 6 weeks post birth
3. Neonatal unit admission defined as admission of the neonate to the neonatal unit and captured within the first 6 weeks from birth

Secondary outcome measures

Additional fetal and neonatal outcomes:
1. Late neonatal death defined as neonatal death occurring between 7 and 28 days after birth and captured from hospital records by 6 weeks post birth
2. Need for respiratory support on Neonatal Unit defined as the need for CPAP/high flow/endotracheal ventilation and recorded by 6 weeks post birth
3. Gestational age at delivery measured in days and recorded by 6 weeks post birth
4. Birthweight centile <10th calculated using recorded birth weight and using the Intergrowth 21 birthweight centile calculator and calculated by the trial statistician prior to data analysis

Maternal secondary outcomes (between enrollment and delivery):
1. Proportion of women diagnosed with pre-eclampsia defined using the ISSHP definition and captured by 6 weeks post birth
2. Severe adverse maternal outcome composite defined by the fullPIERS consensus and captured by 6 weeks post birth
3. Systolic blood pressure ≥160 mmHg measured during routine blood pressure readings captured in maternity records and occurring on at least one occasion between study enrolment and birth of the baby
4. Concealed first repeat PlGF-based test performance (with comparison against currently utilised tests) for clinically indicated delivery for diagnosed pre-eclampsia within 14 days measured in peripheral blood samples at 1 to 3 weeks post study enrollment and analysed following completion of the trial

Health economic outcomes:
1. Perinatal: intensive care, high dependency and special care unit days measured as total of these days and captured by 6 weeks post birth
2. Maternal: antenatal outpatient attendances and inpatient days; intensive care unit use measured as total numbers of each of these antenatal care episodes and captured by 6 weeks post birth

Overall trial start date

01/04/2019

Overall trial end date

01/11/2021

Reason abandoned (if study stopped)

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Women aged 18 years or more between 22+0 and 35+6 weeks’ gestation with clinical suspicion of pre-eclampsia
2. Viable singleton pregnancy
3. Able to give written informed consent

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Adult

Gender

Female

Target number of participants

1280

Participant exclusion criteria

Confirmed preterm pre-eclampsia at presentation

Recruitment start date

06/12/2019

Recruitment end date

01/05/2021

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
St. Thomas's Hospital 249 Westminster Bridge Road
London
SE1 7EH
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust
Cobbett House Oxford Road Manchester Greater
Manchester
M13 9WL
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust
Beckett Street
Leeds
LS9 7TF
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust
Crown Street
Liverpool
L8 7SS
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Royal United Hospitals Bath NHS Foundation Trust
Combe Park
Bath
BA1 3NG
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Duckworth Lane
Bradford
BD9 6RJ
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Blackshaw Road Tooting
London
SW17 0QT
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Kingston Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Galsworthy Road
London
KT2 7QB
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
369 Fulham Road
London
SW10 9NH
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

North Bristol NHS Trust
Southmead Road Westbury-on-Trym
Bristol
BS10 5NB
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust
Marlborough Street
Bristol
BS13NU
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
St. Mary's Hospital Praed Street
London
W2 1NY
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

NHS Lothian
Waverley Gate 2-4 Waterloo Place
Edinburgh
EH1 3EG
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Ashford and St Peter's Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Guildford Road
Surrey
KT160PZ
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Croydon Heath Services NHS Trust
London Road Thornton Heath
Surrey
CR7 7YE
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Colney Lane Colney
Norwich
NR4 7UY
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
250 Euston Road
London
NW1 2PG
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
Derby Road
Nottingham
NG7 2UH
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Warrington and Halton Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Lovely Lane
Warrington
WA5 1QG
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

King's College London

Sponsor details

Room 5.31
James Clerk Maxwell Building
57 Waterloo Road
London
SE1 8WA
United Kingdom
+44 (0)207 8483224
reza.razavi@kcl.ac.uk

Sponsor type

University/education

Website

https://www.kcl.ac.uk/

Organisation

Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust

Sponsor details

R&D Department 16th Floor
Tower Wing
Great Maze Pond
London
SE1 9RT
United Kingdom
+44 (0)207188 7188 Extension: 54426
R&D@gstt.nhs.uk

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre

Website

https://www.guysandstthomas.nhs.uk/Home.aspx

Funders

Funder type

Charity

Funder name

Moulton Charitable Trust

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Funder name

Tommy's Baby Charity

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

private sector organisation

Funding Body Subtype

other non-profit

Location

United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Primary responsibility for preparing publications will lie with the CIs, Professor Lucy Chappell and Dr Louise Webster. All publications using data from this trial to undertake original analyses will be submitted to the TSC for review before release.
The research will be published in high impact, peer reviewed, scientific journals. More general dissemination of the results will be achieved through publication of summary findings. There are no commercial or intellectual rights issues that would delay publication of results. The writing will be the responsibility of a writing committee drawn from the co-investigators (trial grant holders), trial co-ordinators and others substantially involved in execution, analysis and interpretation; and will be named authors on the principal publications arising from the trial provided they meet the authorship criteria used by most high impact peer reviewed journals see http://www.icmje.org.
Local PIs will be named formally as collaborators on the publication; PIs in non-recruiting centres and other trial personnel with significant input to the running of the trial will be named in the acknowledgements in publications. The CIs will nominate and agree appropriate authorship on all publications prior to commencement of writing.
Participants will be sent a summary of trial publications if they wish, with a reference to the final paper; and a copy of the journal article will be available on request from the CIs. This material will be offered to all the women recruited including those whose infants ultimately did not survive, although this group will first be asked if they wish to receive this information. As a policy, written dissemination will be in a style that is understandable and useable for all stakeholders including NHS commissioners, clinicians, funding bodies, service users, pre-eclampsia charities and the general public.
In order to target the clinical community, the results of this research will be disseminated by conventional academic outputs, including presentations at prominent national and international conferences.
Joint press releases will be coordinated by KCL and GSTT.
Links will be placed, or be encouraged to be placed, on other relevant web sites such as KCL, GSTT, NIHR and research user groups. Furthermore, we will ensure there is wider dissemination of the results via the participant support group Action on pre-Eclampsia (APEC) and appropriate social networks.

IPD sharing statement
The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are/will be available upon request from Louise Webster (louise.m.webster@kcl.ac.uk) and Lucy Chappell (lucy.chappell@kcl.ac.uk).
Type of data: quantitative
When the data will become available and for how long: 01/12/2022
By what access criteria data will be shared including with whom: to be determined at a later date
For what types of analyses, and by what mechanism: to be determined at a later date
Whether consent from participants was obtained: not applicable
Comments on data anonymisation: Data would only be supplied in fully anonymised format
Any ethical or legal restrictions: not aware of any
Any other comments: no

Intention to publish date

01/01/2022

Participant level data

Available on request

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

25/11/2019: Trial's existence confirmed by the NIHR.