Condition category
Nutritional, Metabolic, Endocrine
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Malnutrition in children is a huge public health issue in Ethiopia and can negatively affect achievement in school, brain development, and productivity at work later in life. Thus to address this issue, appropriately designed nutrition interventions are important. We designed a community-based nutrition project called Ethiopia Integrated Nutrition Project (EINP), which includes three types of nutrition programs: 1) Community-based Participatory Nutrition Education (CPNE): providing 2 weeks of intensive nutrition education sessions to undernourished children and their mothers including cooking demonstrations with locally available foods, nutrition message discussion, hand washing practices, and a follow-up visit, 2) Essential Nutrition Action (ENA) activity: brief nutrition information sharing by voluntary community health workers or a community group once a month, and 3) Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM): providing therapeutic and supplementary foods to moderately or severely malnourished children. This study aims to find out the effectiveness of EINP in improving the children’s growth and the caregivers' feeding practices.

Who can participate?
Babies aged 6 to 12 months and their mothers living in the participating districts of Ethiopia can take part.

What does the study involve?
The districts are randomly divided into intervention and control groups. In the intervention area, the CPNE program, the ENA activity and the CMAM program will be conducted concurrently, and in the control area only the ENA activity and the CMAM program will be implemented. Undernourished children and their caregivers will receive the CPNE program, the ENA activity will target all mothers with children under two years old, and moderately or severely undernourished children will be admitted to the CMAM program.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
While the potential benefits of participation are minimal, the risks associated with participation are also negligible. The time commitment for participation is less than one hour per interview. Participants may feel bored during the survey.

Where is the study run from?
Habro district, West Hararghe zone, and Melka Bello district, East Hararghe zone, Ethiopia.

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
September 2012 to December 2014.

Who is funding the study?
1. World Vision Korea (Korea)
2. Korea International Cooperation Agency ( KOICA ) (Korea)

Who is the main contact?
Yunhee Kang,
Sarah Yeo,

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Ms Yunhee Kang


Contact details

615 N. Wolfe Street
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School
United States of America

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

Effectiveness evaluation of community-based nutrition program in improving child growth and feeding practices in rural Eastern Ethiopia: a clustered randomized trial


Study hypothesis

To examine the effectiveness of the CPNE program integrated with the ENA and CMAM programs in reducing the prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting and improving height-for-age, weight-for-age and weight-for-height Z scores among children aged 6 to 24 months

Ethics approval

Oromya Regional Health Bureau (ORHB), Ethiopia, 27/08/2012, ref. BEFO/AH/UTR/1-84/29021

Study design

Clustered randomized trial

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type

Quality of life

Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Child undernutrition


Community-based Participatory Nutrition Education (Behavior Change Communication form), Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition, and Essential Nutrition Action activity (nutrition counselling)

In the intervention area, the CPNE program, the ENA activity and the CMAM program will be conducted concurrently, and in the control area, the ENA activity and the CMAM program will be implemented only. Target children differ by type of intervention. Undernourished children and their caregivers will receive the CPNE program by project staff, the ENA activity will be given to all mothers with children under two years old as much as trained volunteers can visit households, and moderately or severely undernourished children will be admitted to the CMAM program. Besides we attempted to measure differences in child growth such as z-scores at whole the community level considering all children at 6 to 24 months of age not specifically at individual children level who directly receive interventions. Since the above programs, especially the CPNE program and the ENA activity, are publicly conducted in communities, we wanted to measure the direct and indirect effects of the interventions together.

Intervention type



Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

1. Length-for-age
2. Weight-for-age
3. Weight-for-length z scores
4. Prevalence of stunting, wasting and being underweight

Children 6 to 12 months of age are measured by trained anthropometrists from the time of enrollment, at every 3 months, for five times, for their height with locally manufactured measuring boards nearest to 0.1 cm and weight with electronic weighing scales to nearest 0.01 kg. For example, a child whose age is 9 months old at enrollment will be measured at 9, 12, 15, 18, and 21 months old.

Secondary outcome measures

Complementary feeding practices such as dietary diversity and feeding frequency, and hand washing practices

Mothers will be asked at the same timepoints that the primary outcomes are measured about her feeding and hygienic practices, e.g. how and what she fed child in the last 24 hours, and when she washed her hands by enumerators, through household visits.

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned


Participant inclusion criteria

Infants 6 to 24 months of age

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria


Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment


Trial participating centre

W2501, 615 N. Wolfe Street,
United States of America

Sponsor information


World Vision Korea (Korea)

Sponsor details

+82 (0)2 2078 7150

Sponsor type

Research organisation



Funder type


Funder name

World Vision Korea (E197814) (Korea)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Funder name

Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) (Korea)

Alternative name(s)


Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Federal/National Government


Korea, South

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes