Condition category
Surgery
Date applied
04/07/2014
Date assigned
04/07/2014
Last edited
12/08/2015
Prospective/Retrospective
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Dr Iain Moppett

ORCID ID

Contact details

Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Queens Medical Centre
Nottingham
NG7 2UH
United Kingdom
-
iain.moppett@nottingham.ac.uk

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

16941

Study information

Scientific title

Feasibility and metabolic effects of carbohydrate loading in patients with fragility hip fracture - a randomised double blind pilot study

Acronym

Pre-operative Nutrition In Neck of femur Trial (POINT)

Study hypothesis

Hip fracture is a common injury affecting predominantly old people. The outcome for patients is often poor with a high mortality following operation, and worsening of mobility and function when compared with that before the injury.It has long been recognized that trauma due to surgery or accident is associated with changes in the way muscles use fuels such as sugar (glucose). These changes come on soon after injury and persist for some time and may have harmful effects on recovery and muscle strength. We also know that poor muscle function is a predictor of poor outcome in the days and months following hip fracture. Researchers in the field of elective surgery have found that providing patients with special carbohydrate drinks before their operation can improve muscle sugar use and have beneficial effects in the postoperative period.However, due to the nature of hip fracture, which is operated on urgently, and in a frail population who are often in pain, providing preoperative drinks may be difficult. The muscle of older people behaves differently to that of younger people so we don't know whether these drinks will have the same effect. Potentially, if we can find out what effect these drinks have on the way muscles behave; this may provide avenues of future research into the optimal way to enhance muscle function following hip fracture. To do this, we wish to study a group of hip fracture patients. We wish to find out what happens to the way their bodies deal with sugar if they have these drinks or if they have normal care without the drinks. We would do this by simple blood tests, and by taking some small tissue samples from leg muscles before and after their operation. Part of the study will also be looking at the practical issues around providing these sorts of drinks to this patient group.

Ethics approval

13/EM/0214

Study design

Randomised; Interventional; Design type: Not specified, Prevention

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Hospitals

Trial type

Diagnostic

Patient information sheet

Condition

Topic: Anaesthesia, perioperative medicine and pain management; Subtopic: Anaesthesia,
perioperative medicine and pain management; Disease: All Anaesthesia, perioperative medicine and
pain management

Intervention

Pre-op carbohydrate drink, Nutricia Pre-op(r)
400 ml night before surgery
400 ml morning of surgery (up to 2 hours pre-op)

Follow Up Length: 1 month(s); Study Entry: Single Randomisation only

Intervention type

Procedure/Surgery

Phase

Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Oral glucose tolerance test; Timepoint(s): Day 1 post operation

Secondary outcome measures

1. Glucose homeostasis - blood glucose; Timepoint(s): Blood glucose prior to induction of anaesthesia
2. Blood glucose on day 1; Glucose homeostasis - insulin; Timepoint(s): Insulin concentration - prior to induction of anaesthesia, Insulin concentration - day 1 post op
3. Length of acute hospital stay; Timepoint(s): Hospital discharge
4. Mobility - Cumulated ambulation score; Timepoint(s): Days 1-3 post-op
5. Muscle metabolism - muscle biopsy, contralateral leg; Timepoint(s): Prior to induction of anaesthesia At end of surgery
Day 1
6. Nausea and vomiting; Timepoint(s): Prior to induction of anaesthesia Day 1 post-operation

Overall trial start date

01/07/2014

Overall trial end date

31/08/2015

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Patients presenting through accident and emergency with a fragility neck of femur fracture requiring hemiarthroplasty
2. Aged 70 or over
3. Patients able to provide fully informed consent

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Senior

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

Planned Sample Size: 30; UK Sample Size: 30; Description: Allow for 3 drop outs per group (20% drop out)

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Patients who are confused or unable to give their own consent
2. Patient known to suffer with diabetes (either type 1 or type 2)
3. Patients with current infections
4. Ongoing participation in another clinical trial
5. Multiple injuries requiring operative management
6. Previous intolerance to carbohydrate drinks

Recruitment start date

01/07/2014

Recruitment end date

31/08/2015

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Queens Medical Centre
Nottingham
NG7 2UH
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

University of Nottingham (UK)

Sponsor details

Research Innovation Services
Kings Meadow Campus
Lenton Lane
Nottingham
NG7 2NR
United Kingdom

Sponsor type

University/education

Website

Funders

Funder type

Research organisation

Funder name

British Journal of Anaesthesia (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

2014 protocol in: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25472724

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes