Condition category
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Date applied
26/05/2016
Date assigned
26/05/2016
Last edited
17/10/2016
Prospective/Retrospective
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
Recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
The knee is the largest weight-bearing joint in the body, where the shin bone (tibia) and thigh bone (femur) meet. As people age bones naturally weaken, and so the elderly are particularly vulnerable to knee pain and injury. Every year, many older adults in the UK suffer from distal femur fractures (a fracture at the end of the thigh bone, just above the knee joint). In most cases, the main treatment offered is surgical fixation. This is an operation in which the broken pieces of bone are lined up, and held in place with wires, screws or metal plates. This study will be looking at two common surgical fixation operations for patients with distal femur fractures: 'locking plate fixation' where a plate is screwed to the surface of the bone, and 'nail fixation' where a rod is inserted into the centre of the bone. The aim of this study is to find out whether a larger scale study comparing the effectiveness of these two techniques would be feasible

Who can participate?
Patients aged 50 and over with a fractured femur which the attending surgeon feels would benefit from surgery to fix the fracture.

What does the study involve?
Participants are randomly allocated to one of two groups. Those in the first group undergo the 'locking plate fixation' procedure, in which a plate is screwed to the surface of the bone on either side of the break. Those in the second group undergo the 'nail fixation' procedure, in which a rod is inserted into the centre of the bone on either side of the break to hold the broken pieces together. Participants in both groups are followed up six weeks and four months later in order to determine how effective the treatment has been in terms of quality of life and disability. The amount of participants who were able to be recruited to the trial and the costs of conducting the trial are also recorded in order to find out whether a larger scale trial would be possible.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Not provided at time of registration

Where is the study run from?
Six NHS Trusts in England (UK)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
July 2015 to December 2016

Who is funding the study?
National Institute for Health Research (UK)

Who is the main contact?
Dr Robin Lerner
traffix@ndorms.ox.ac.uk

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Public

Primary contact

Dr Robin Lerner

ORCID ID

Contact details

Oxford Trauma
Kadoorie Centre
John Radcliffe Hospital
Oxford
OX3 9DU
United Kingdom
+44 1865 227912
traffix@ndorms.ox.ac.uk

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

TrAFFix

Study information

Scientific title

For patients with an acute fragility fracture of the distal femur, is there a clinical and cost-effectiveness difference between locking plate fixation and retrograde intramedullary nail fixation?

Acronym

TrAFFix

Study hypothesis

The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of running a large definitive study comparing the effectiveness of two common operations for patients with distal femur fracture (locking plate fixation and nail fixation).

Ethics approval

Not provided at time of registration

Study design

Multi-centre feasibility randomised parallel trial

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised parallel trial

Trial setting

Hospitals

Trial type

Quality of life

Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet

Condition

Fragility fractures of the distal femur

Intervention

Randomisation will be via a web based secure randomisation service, and will take into account the hospital and cognitive status of the patient. This will make sure that around the same number of patients with cognitive impairment are randomised to each arm, and that each hospital treats around the same number of patients in each arm. Participants will undergo surgery at the next available opportunity on a planned trauma list. Exact surgical procedures, including X-rays and imaging, will be as per local guidelines. Following fixation all patients will undergo a routine rehabilitation programme prior to discharge from hospital.

Patients will be randomised to fracture fixation with either a locking plate or intramedullary nail:

Locking plate fixation: Fixation of the fracture will be achieved with anatomical distal femoral locking-plate and screws. Locking plates will be defined as those in which at least one fixed angle locking screw is placed distal to the fracture. The operating surgeon will determine the length, number and type of additional screws. The details of surgical incision and approach, fracture reduction, number and type of other screws and supplementary fixation with wires or screws will be at the surgeon’s discretion as per their normal clinical practice.

Intramedullary nail fixation: Fixation of the fracture will be achieved with a proximally and distally locked nail that spans the entire diaphysis of the femur. All nails will be introduced retrograde through the knee joint. The details of surgical incision and approach, fracture reduction, number and type of other screws and supplementary fixation with wires or screws will be at the surgeon’s discretion as per their normal clinical practice.

Follow-up will be at 6 weeks and 4 months after the injury when the questionnaires will be completed again.

Intervention type

Procedure/Surgery

Phase

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

1. Recruitment rate, calculated throughout the study and determined as the number of eligible participants who gave consent to participate
2. Completion rate of the EQ-5D-5L is measured 4 months post injury

Secondary outcome measures

1. Demential Quality of Life questionnaire (DEMQoL) at baseline, 6-weeks post injury, and 4-months post-injury
2. Disability rating index (DRI) at baseline, 6-weeks post injury, and 4-months post-injury
3. Mixed methods analysis of a process evaluation, including patient and staff interviews throughout the length of the trial

Overall trial start date

14/07/2015

Overall trial end date

01/08/2016

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Patients of 50 years old and above
2. Present to participating hospitals with a fracture of the distal femur (i.e. involving the distal 2 "Muller" squares)
3. Attending surgeon feels that the patient will benefit from internal fixation of the fracture

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Adult

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

52

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Patients who have a knee or hip arthroplasty that requires revision
2. A pre-existing arthroplasty that precludes fixation with an intramedullary nail
3. Patients with pre-existing femoral deformity will also be excluded

Recruitment start date

14/10/2016

Recruitment end date

31/05/2017

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust
Royal Berkshire Hospital London Road
Reading
RG15AN
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals NHS Trust
John Radcliffe Hospital Headley Way Headington
Oxford
OX3 9DU
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust
St James's University Hospital Beckett Street
Leeds
LS9 7TF
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
Queen's Medical Centre Derby Road
Nottingham
NG7 2UH
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust
Queen Alexandra Hospital Southwick Hill Road
Portsmouth
PO63LY
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust
Gwendolen House Gwendolen Road
Leicester
LE54QF
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

University of Oxford

Sponsor details

Joint Research Office
Block 60
Churchill Hospital
Old Road
Headington
Oxford
OX3 7LE
United Kingdom

Sponsor type

University/education

Website

Funders

Funder type

Government

Funder name

National Institute for Health Research

Alternative name(s)

NIHR

Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Federal/National Government

Location

United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

The study monograph will be prepared by the trial management team at the completion of the trial. There are currently no specific plans for publishing the study results.

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not expected to be available

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes