Plain English Summary
Background and study aims
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) occurs when the fluid from the vitreous cavity (the part of the eye that has vitreous humour (fluid)) passes through a break and separates the outer segments of the retina and causes vitreous traction. The main treatments for an RRD are the pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and scleral buckling (SB). The PPV technique directly relieves the vitreous traction directly by using the draining the fluid, gas-fluid exchange, and laser photocoagulation or cryotherapy of the reattached retina combined with or without a silicone oil tamponade. The SB technique is known to relieve the vitreous traction indirectly by using a segmental scleral silicone implant in the area corresponding to the retinal break and the encircling silicone band, combined with drainage of the subretinal fluid and transscleral cryotherapy. However, SB does have some complications, like axial elongation with secondary myopization, anterior-segment ischemia with the compression of the long posterior arteries, choroidal detachment and lens displacement with anterior chamber shallowing, and motility disturbances. In order to reduce the incidence of such complications, conventional SB procedure was modified and a new releasable scleral buckling (RSB) technique was designed. Instead of the silicone sleeves, absorbable sutures are used. There is still no consensus on the best approach for the management of uncomplicated RRD cases. The aim of this study is to determine whether the RSB procedure for patients with RRD is an effective approach.
Who can participate?
Adults aged 18 and older who have RRD.
What does the study involve?
Participants are randomly allocated to one of two groups. Those in the first group receive the PPV treatment. Those in the second group receive the RSB treatment. Participants are assessed for their rate of retinal reattachment and their vision outcomes.
What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Participants may benefit from priority surgery and by getting subsidies for their trip. There are no risks with taking part of the study however there are risks with the PPV or RSB itself.
When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
June 2017 to August 2019
Where is the study run from?
Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center (China)
Who is funding the study?
National Natural Science Foundation of China (China)
Who is the main contact?
Professor Lin Lu
Ethics Committee of the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center (2017KYPJ058)
Comparison of Releasable Scleral Buckling and Vitrectomy in Phakic Primary Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Patients
Releasable scleral buckling (RSB) is not worse than pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in phakic patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).
Ethics Committee of the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, 08/07/2017, ref: 2017KYPJ058
Prospective randomised clinical trial
Primary study design
Secondary study design
Randomised controlled trial
Patient information sheet
No participant information sheet available
Primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
120 patients are randomly collected in a 1:1 ratio for treatments using RSB or PPV (n=60 in each cohort) from Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center. These patients were randomly picked up from the patients of RSB or PPV groups without any information except the names of interventions. The patients selectively received RSB or PPV following protocol.
In the RSB group, the episcleral encircling band (2.5×120mm) was episclerally fixed by 5-0 nonabsorbable sutures in the equatorial region of each quadrant. The ends of the encircling band were joined and preliminarily fixed by a silicone sleeve to adjust the strain of the encircling band. We tied up both ends using 6-0 absorbable sutures and removed the silicone sleeve. The retinal breaks were coagulated by retinal transscleral cryopexy. At the surgeon’s discretion, an additional segmental silicone buckle, if needed, was placed under the encircling band at the location of the retinal breaks. These additional segmental buckles were orientated parallel to the encircling band and were fixed on the sclera with additional sutures, independent of the encircling band. Other optional surgical steps included transscleral exodrainage of subretinal fluid and anterior chamber paracentesis.
In the PPV group, patients underwent standard 23-gauge (23G) vitrectomy while the vitreous was removed through to relieve all the tractions surround the retinal break. Drainage of the subretinal fluid was achieved through a preexisting break with or without perfluoro-N-octane assistance. Endolaser was used to surround all retinal breaks. All surgeries utilised an intraocular tamponade agent of 10% C3F8. 23G sclerotomy was sutured only if it leaked at the end of the surgery.
Participants are followed up at one day, one week, one month, three months, six months and 12 months.
Primary outcome measure
Primary anatomical success rate is defined as the retina maintaining reattached after one operation at 12 months.
Secondary outcome measures
1. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) is measured using ETDRS chart converted to the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) at 12 months
2. Cataract progression is determined by one doctor if considered to be visually significant at 12 months
3. Intraocular pressure (IOP) measured using a non-contact tonometer at one day, one week, one month, three months, six months and 12 months
4. Choroidal thickness (CT) is measured using enhanced depth-imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging at subfovea (Spectralis; Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) at one day, one week, one month, three months, six months and 12 months
5. Axial length (AL) is measured using the IOL Master (Carl Zeiss, Tubingen, Germany) at one month, three months, six months and 12 months
6. Complications is measured using slitlamp at one day, one week, one month, three months, six months and 12 months
Overall trial start date
Overall trial end date
Reason abandoned (if study stopped)
Participant inclusion criteria
1. Primary RRD without any complicating factors 14
2. Equal or older than 18 years old
3. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) grade A or B
Target number of participants
Participant exclusion criteria
1. Patients with any kind of prior ocular surgery
3. RD result from macular hole
4. RD with choroidal detachment detected by UBM15
5. Severe cataract
6. Prior posterior uveitis
Recruitment start date
Recruitment end date
Countries of recruitment
Trial participating centre
Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center
No.54 Xianlie South Road
National Natural Science Foundation of China
Chinese National Science Foundation, Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation of China, NNSF of China, NSF of China, 国家自然科学基金委员会, The National Natural Science Foundation of China, NSFC, NNSF, NNSFC
Funding Body Type
Funding Body Subtype
Results and Publications
Publication and dissemination plan
Planned publication in a high-impact peer reviewed journal. The additional documents (such as study protocol, statistical analysis plan, other) can be available.
IPD sharing statement:
The current data sharing plans for the current study are unknown and will be made available at a later date.
Intention to publish date
Participant level data
To be made available at a later date
Basic results (scientific)