Condition category
Nutritional, Metabolic, Endocrine
Date applied
01/03/2019
Date assigned
19/03/2019
Last edited
19/03/2019
Prospective/Retrospective
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background & study aims
The aim is to demonstrate that a phe-free amino acid mixture engineered with a modified-release technology (Physiomimic technology) is able to achieve an absorption profile of AAs in blood that is different from that observed with a non-engineered phe-free AA mixture (Reference product), with lower peak plasma concentrations and a prolonged absorption over time.

The product with a modified-release technology (Physiomimic technology) is Food for Special Medical Purposes (FSMP) and is intended to be used in the dietary management of PKU patients.

In PKU patients, a reduced peak plasma concentration of AAs in blood, with a prolonged absorption over time, could lead to a better utilization of AAs (with predominant anabolism versus catabolism or inhibition of catabolism); this could potentially contribute to a better control and stabilization of blood phe levels/fluctuations, thus increasing dietary phe tolerance, i.e. the quantity of phe that could be ingested through natural diet to maintain “safe” phe levels.

Who can participate?
Male and female healthy volunteers, aged 18-45 years.

What does the study involve?
All participants will receive each study product at different test day, in fasting conditions. At each test day, blood and urine samples will be collected at baseline and at specific time points, till 7 hours.
Blood samples will be analysed for AAs, insulin, glucose and blood urea nitrogen (BUN).
Urine samples will be analysed for urea, and safety parameters.

Where are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
As the study involves healthy volunteers, there is no direct health benefit as a consequence of their participation in this study. The study will provide necessary data for further researches on the Test product.

For PKU patients, the phe-free amino acid mixture engineered with a modified-release technology (Physiomimic technology) can represent a new option for the dietary management of this metabolic disease.

The overnight fast, together with food intake restriction during each test day, may cause discomfort in subjects. In addition, drawing blood may be painful. The total amount of blood taken during the whole trial from each subject will be of approximately 475 mL, corresponding to the typical amount of blood taken during a blood donation; this may cause a slight reduction in haematology variables, such as haemoglobin. These are the typical discomforts associated with kinetic trials.

Where is the study run from?
Clinical Research Services Turku (CRST), Turku, Finland

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
October 2017 - April 2019 (finalised study report)

Who is funding the study?
APR Applied Pharma Research sa, Balerna (Switzerland)

Who is the main contact?
Anna Barassi
anna.barassi@apr.ch



Trial website

N/A

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Dr Anna Barassi

ORCID ID

Contact details

Head of Clinical Affairs
c/o APR Applied Pharma Research sa
via Corti 5
Balerna
6828
Switzerland
+41916957020
anna.barassi@apr.ch

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

Nil known

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Nil known

Protocol/serial number

APR/MF/01/2016 - MFAP006

Study information

Scientific title

Comparative bioavailability of amino acids after oral intake of three phenylalanine-free amino acid mixtures – one with a modified-release technology – in healthy volunteers: a randomized crossover trial

Acronym

Study hypothesis

A phenylalanine-free amino acid mixture engineered with a modified-release technology (Physiomimic technology) [Test product] is able to achieve an absorption profile of AAs in the blood that is different from that observed with a non-engineered phe-free AA mixture (Reference product), with lower peak plasma concentrations and a prolonged absorption over time.

Ethics approval

Approved 01/08/2017, Ethics Committee Varsinais-Suomen sairaanhoitopiirin eettinen toimikunta (Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, PL 52, 20521 Turku; (02) 313 0000, sähköposti kirjaamo@tyks.fi), ref: 78 /1801/2017

Study design

Randomized, controlled, single-blind, crossover, single-dose

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised cross over trial

Trial setting

Other

Trial type

Other

Patient information sheet

Not available in web format; please, use contact details to request a participant information sheet.

Condition

Phenylketonuria

Intervention

Test product = a phenylalanine-free amino acid mixture engineered with a modified-release technology (Physiomimic technology), containing 17 AAs, vitamins, minerals, other nutrients and two food additives forming the coating layer that modifies the release of the AAs from the formulation in order to guarantee a physiological absorption of AAs.

Reference product = a non-engineered phe-free AA mixture having the same qualitative and quantitative composition of the Test product in terms of AAs, vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. It also contains the same quantity of the two food additives but they were added in the mixing process, in a way that they do not form the coating layer giving the modified release. In view of the identical quali-quantitative composition, and the absence of the coating layer, this represents the most appropriate Reference Product for the study. i.e. the best comparison for demonstrating the effect that the coating layer has on the absorption profile of AAs in healthy volunteers (primary comparison).

Product from the market = a phe-free AA mixture containing 17 AAs, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients, available from the market for the dietary management of patients with phenylketonuria or hyperphenylalaninemia. It does not have the same quali-quantitative composition of the Test and Reference products.

Casein = a milk protein.

In addition to the screening visit, the trial consists of 4 study visits corresponding to 4 test days in which the study products are given to subjects in a randomized order (1 study product in each test day). Healthy volunteers will be randomized into one of the selected order sequences (indicated as ABDC, BCAD, CDBA, DACB), based on a balanced Latin square design.
A total of 3 washout periods between test days are foreseen, each lasting from 9 to 14 days. A follow-up visit will be performed in case of out-of-range values of safety parameters (lab tests or other exams) at the last test day (or the last study visit for the subject), which are judged of clinical relevance by the Investigator.
Subjects are divided in three weight categories, and the doses of the products for oral intake are calculated as follows:

Body weight range Test Reference Product from the market Casein
55-65.4 kg 32 g 32 g 29.4 g Dose corresponding to 20 g protein
65.5-75.4 kg 37.5 g 37.5 g 34.3 g Dose corresponding to 23.3 g protein
75.5-85 kg 43 g 43 g 39.2 g Dose corresponding to 26.6 g protein

During each test day, blood and urine samples will be collected at baseline and at specific time points after the intake of the study products (until 420 min, i.e. 7 h). At 5 h (300 min) after the intake, a light snack meal is given.

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Drug names

Primary outcome measure

1. Rate of absorption will be measured using peak plasma concentration (Cmax) of essential AAs (EAAs) after oral intake.
2. Extent of absorption will be measured using the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) for EAAs during the first 5 hours after the intake

Plasma levels of AAs will be evaluated at the following time points: 30 min before the intake, 0, and 15 min, 30 min, 45 min, 60 min, 75 min, 90 min, 120 min, 150 min, 180 min, 240 min, 300 min, 360 min and 420 min after the intake.

Secondary outcome measures

1. Rate of absorption will be determined using Cmax of Large Neutral AAs (LNAAs), Branched-chain AAs (BCAAs), and total AAs
2. Extent of absorption in the first 5 hours will be determined using AUC0-300min of LNAAs, BCAAs, and total AAs
3. Extent of absorption during 7 hours will be determined using AUC0-420min of EAAs, LNAAs, BCAAs, and total AAs.
4. Time to reach Cmax will be measured using time to peak (tmax) of EAAs, LNAAs, BCAAs, and total AAs
5. Plasma concentrations of EAAs, LNAAs, BCAAs, and total AAs will be measured at the last evaluable time point before the snack meal (C300min) and at the last evaluable time point after the snack meal (C420min)
6. Plasma levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) will be measured at baseline (0 min) and at 15 min, 30 min, 45 min, 60 min, 75 min, 90 min, 120 min, 150 min, 180 min, 240 min, and 300 min after the intake
7. Plasma levels of insulin will be evaluated at baseline (0 min) and at 15 min, 30 min, 45 min, 60 min, 120 min, 180 min, 240 min, 300 min after the intake
8. Plasma levels of glucose will be evaluated at baseline (0 min) and at 15 min, 30 min, 45 min, 60 min, 120 min, 180 min, 240 min, 300 min after the intake
9. Urine levels of urea will be evaluated at baseline and over a 0- to 150-min and 150- to 300-min period after the intake
10. Safety and tolerability will be determined by performing ECG, measure of vital signs and blood/urine lab test at the last visit (liver and kidney tests, serum proteins and urine parameters will be also evaluated at the end of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd test days), and by recording any adverse event throughout the whole duration of the study

Plasma levels of AAs will be evaluated at the following time points: 30 min before the intake, 0, and 15 min, 30 min, 45 min, 60 min, 75 min, 90 min, 120 min, 150 min, 180 min, 240 min, 300 min, 360 min and 420 min after the intake.

Overall trial start date

01/09/2016

Overall trial end date

30/04/2019

Reason abandoned (if study stopped)

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Aged 18-45 years
2. 55-85 kg
3. Body mass index (BMI) ≤ 30 kg/m2
4. Willing to consume medical nutrition products, specifically AA preparations, and to follow the dietary scheme as required by the protocol
5. Good general health status
6. Non-smokers or not current smokers.

Participant type

Healthy volunteer

Age group

Adult

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

Target number of healthy volunteers: 32. 4-8 additional subjects will be screened and available for randomization, as a back-up. Drop-outs will be replaced as long as the screening/randomization process and test meal allocation are ongoing. The aim is to reach a total of 24 evaluable subjects for the primary comparison (Test versus Reference).

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Pregnancy, lactation or planned pregnancy
2. History of clinically significant diseases or malfunctions
3. Current illnesses that could interfere with the study
4. Use of any medication that would significantly affect protein synthesis or turnover, upon the decision of the Investigator
5. Clinically significant abnormalities in screening labs
6. Any medical condition deemed to be exclusionary by the Investigator (reasoning needs to be provided)
7. Any current participation in another clinical trial involving investigational or marketed products in the 3 months prior to the inclusion in this clinical trial
8. Blood donation of ≥250 mL within the past 3 months
9. Vegetarian diet or any food allergy towards any of the ingredients in the study products or to ingredients of snack bars/meals to be administered during the study
10. Abnormal diets or substantial changes in eating habits with the past 4 weeks
11. Positive to HIV test, or Hepatitis B or C tests

Recruitment start date

26/10/2017

Recruitment end date

13/02/2018

Locations

Countries of recruitment

Finland

Trial participating centre

Clinical Research Services Turku (CRST)
Itäinen Pitkäkatu 4 B
Turku
20520
Switzerland

Sponsor information

Organisation

APR Applied Pharma Research SA

Sponsor details

via Corti 5
Balerna
6828
Switzerland
+41916957020
anna.barassi@apr.ch

Sponsor type

Industry

Website

www.apr.ch

Funders

Funder type

Industry

Funder name

APR Applied Pharma Research SA

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Data of the clinical trial are planned to be published in a peer-review journal as soon as the final study report is finalized. Data can be disseminated as abstract/poster or oral presentation in international scientific congresses.

IPD sharing statement:
The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are not expected to be made available. They will be included as appendices to the Clinical Study Report (CSR) and will be submitted to the Ethics Committee. They will be available in case an inspection from an Health Authority is foreseen.

Intention to publish date

31/03/2020

Participant level data

Not expected to be available

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

11/03/2019: Trial's existence confirmed by Southwest Finland Hospital District Ethical Committee.