Condition category
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
Not yet recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Chronic lung disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is associated with indoor air pollution, tobacco smoking and infections such as tuberculosis (TB). Chronic lung disease usually affects the most vulnerable in developing countries where people are unable to work from a younger age, compared with high income countries.

People living with post-TB lung disease are frequently disabled by their breathlessness. As a result, the individual experiences a reduced ability to perform daily activities, poor quality of life and social isolation. The disease is characterised by sudden flare-ups of symptoms, when symptoms become severe and the level of disability increases. Furthermore, medication in LMICs countries remains largely unavailable, expensive, and does not reverse the disability caused by TB.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation is a non-drug, low cost, high impact intervention that reverses the disability associated with chronic lung disease through education and exercise. It brings together health professionals from many disciplines, offering supervised exercise training and disease education. However, Pulmonary Rehabilitation is largely unavailable in developing countries. The project aims to develop culturally appropriate Pulmonary Rehabilitation and determine whether it is effective in improving the health of people living with lung disease caused by TB.

The aims of this project are to:
1. Adapt traditional Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR) by incorporating music, singing and dancing as part of PR classes by patients and healthcare staff
2. Assess the impact of Pulmonary Rehabilitation on walking distance and quality of life for people living with post-TB lung disease in a randomised controlled trial
3. Explore differences in how patients respond to completing Pulmonary Rehabilitation

Who can participate?
In the first stage of the study, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and healthcare staff who refer patients to PR programmes can take part.
In the second stage of the study people over 18 years old who suffer from tuberculosis can take part.

What does the study involve?
Patients and healthcare staff involved in Pulmonary Rehabilitation will discuss a new music, singing and dancing part to Pulmonary Rehabilitation to help make the service more culturally relevant to the people of Kyrgyzstan.

Participants with post-tuberculosis lung disorder will be randomly assigned to either Pulmonary Rehabilitation or a control group. The Pulmonary Rehabilitation programme will consist of 6 weeks of hospital-based education and exercises conducted twice weekly followed by a further 6 weeks of observation. The control group will consist of usual care. The study will assess whether Pulmonary Rehabilitation improves walking capacity, quality of life and symptom burden.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Pulmonary rehabilitation is not routinely available for people living with post-TB lung disease. We envisage participants benefiting from taking part in the intervention. Benefits may include improved fitness and reduced severity of symptoms such as breathlessness or chest tightness. There are no anticipated risks of participating.

Where is the study run from?
National Center of Cardiology and Internal Medicine named after Mirrakhimov, Kyrgyzstan

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
September 2019 to March 2021

Who is funding the study?
National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), UK

Who is the main contact?
Dr Mark Orme,

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Mark Orme


Contact details

Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science
NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre - Respiratory
Glenfield Hospital
Groby Road
United Kingdom



Additional contact

Dr Mark Orme


Contact details

Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science
NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre - Respiratory
Glenfield Hospital
Groby Road
United Kingdom

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

Nil known number

Nil known

Protocol/serial number

Version 1

Study information

Scientific title

Pulmonary Rehabilitation for people living with Post-TB lung disease in Kyrgyzstan: Global RECHARGE Kyrgyzstan


Global RECHARGE Kyrgyzstan

Study hypothesis

Pulmonary Rehabilitation will improve exercise capacity and health-related quality of life for people living with post-TB lung disease in Kyrgyzstan

Ethics approval

1. Approved 22/07/2019, Ethics Committee, National Centre of Cardiology and Internal Medicine (3 Togolok Moldo str, 720040, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic), ref: no. 17
2. Approval pending, University of Leicester Ethics Committee (The University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK;

Study design

Randomised wait-list controlled trial

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use contact details to request a participant information sheet


Post-TB lung disease


This trial will consist of a mixed-methods approach and recruitment for each stage will be separate. The trial consists of two stages:

1. Focus groups will be conducted with adults with a diagnosis of post-TB lung disease and interviews will be conducted with potential referrers to Pulmonary Rehabilitation (healthcare staff).

2. A wait-list RCT of Pulmonary Rehabilitation versus usual care (control). Participants will be individually randomised (1:1) to the Pulmonary Rehabilitation programme or to a waiting list control. Due to the nature of Pulmonary Rehabilitation, it will not be possible for patients to be blinded to the allocation. All measures will be taken by a blinded assessor.

The intervention (Pulmonary Rehabilitation) will consist of a six-week programme, with sessions occurring twice weekly for at least two hours with approximately one hour for education and one hour for exercise, singing and dancing. It will be provided by a team of respiratory doctors, physiotherapists and nurses. The education component focuses on causes of breathlessness, coping techniques, the role of smoking, biomass smoke, TB and HIV, and the value of exercise. The standard programme of education will be supplemented by additional material on an individual basis or in small groups of people with post-TB lung disease. The exercise component consists of a combination of resistance and aerobic training using minimal equipment, individually adjusted over the course of six weeks. Classes will also include dedicated singing and dancing components which will be informed by patients as part of the trial. Pulmonary Rehabilitation will be provided in groups of up to 10 people with post-TB lung disease. The exercise regime will be individually prescribed to participants based on their exercise capacity. The regime is based on international guidance and will consist of the following:
1. Stretching/ flexibility exercises
2. Resistance training for upper and lower limbs including sit to stand, step-ups, bicep curls and pull-ups
3. Endurance exercises included walking and cycling on a stationary bike
4. Singing and dancing (informed by patients and health professionals)

The data gathered from stage 1 will inform the music, singing and dancing component of Pulmonary Rehabilitation and also the structure and content of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation classes. Outcomes will include a definition of the optimum music component including types of music and songs, dances, duration of the component, and how it is best delivered within the Pulmonary Rehabilitation programme.

The patients on the waiting list (control) arm will receive usual care and will be offered Pulmonary Rehabilitation after completing 12-week follow-up outcomes. There are currently no guidelines for the clinical management of Post-TB lung disease both locally and internationally. The usual care received by patients with post TB lung disease includes the following:
1. Frontal chest radiograph
2. Spirometry to screening for airway diseases
3. Optimised drug treatment
4. Advice to reduce exposures to risk factors e.g tobacco smoking, biomass smoke

Participants will in addition receive a leaflet with educational material about their lungs, which will be designed for this study together with patients. The information will cover the main needs of people living with post-TB lung disease and the importance of a healthy lifestyle including smoking cessation, exercises, diet, and self-management.

Intervention type



Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Walking distance (exercise capacity) on the Incremental Shuttle Walk Test (ISWT) at baseline and 6 weeks

Secondary outcome measures

1. Breathlessness is measured using the Medical Research Council (MRC) dyspneoa scale at 6 weeks
2. Symptom severity is measured using the COPD Assessment Test at 6 weeks
3. Health-related quality of life is measured using the Clinical COPD Questionnaire at 6 weeks
4. Economic impact is measured using the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire at 6 weeks
5. Quality of life is measured using the EQ5D-5L questionnaire at 6 weeks
6. Anxiety and depression are measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale at 6 weeks
7. Physical activity is measured using accelerometry at 6 weeks
8. Pain is measured using the chest pain questionnaire at 6 weeks
9. Exercise capacity is measured using the Endurance Incremental Shuttle Walk Test at 6 weeks
10. Physical function is measured using the 5x Sit to Stand test at 6 weeks
11. End of study patient focus groups:
Participants allocated to the intervention group will be invited to participate in focus group discussions at the end of their Pulmonary Rehabilitation programme to learn about their experience of Pulmonary Rehabilitation. Focus groups will give an insight on views, experiences, opinions and recommendations which will be then helpful to inform design of future PR programmes. We anticipate conducting up to 6 focus groups with 2-10 participants in each. We will invite participants from the intervention group who completed the Pulmonary Rehabilitation programme and who dropped out of Pulmonary Rehabilitation to understand their experiences of the intervention. Focus group discussions will be audio-recorded, each lasting approximately 45-60 minutes, and will be conducted face-to-face by an interviewer and note taker (observer). Focus groups will be transcribed verbatim, with identifiable information removed.
12. End of study staff interviews:
Health care personnel involved in Pulmonary Rehabilitation will be invited to participate in interviews at the end of the study to discuss aspects of feasibility and acceptability, such as insights into barriers and facilitators to referral, uptake and completion of Pulmonary Rehabilitation. Interviews will be audio-recorded, each lasting approximately 30-45 minutes, and will be conducted face-to-face by an interviewer. Interviews will be transcribed verbatim, with identifiable information removed.
13. Book of testimonies collected throughout study:
Patients attending Pulmonary Rehabilitation will be asked to log their experience of the programme as they progress. This will be in the form of a Pulmonary Rehabilitation log book accessible to patients before, during and after sessions, as well as a dedicated patient evaluation form. Participants will be regularly prompted in order to gain the experiences of as many patients as possible. Patient satisfaction will also be recorded using a survey; staff involved in Pulmonary Rehabilitation will also receive the same evaluation form at the end of the study.

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

Stage 1 (patient):
1. Aged ≥18 years
2. Physician diagnosis of COPD

Stage 1 (staff):
1. Healthcare staff that would typically refer patients to a clinical PR programme, such as physicians & clinicians.

Stage 2:
1. Aged ≥18 years;
2. Definite diagnosis of a TB-negative patients with PTBLD lung disease
3. Previous TB treatment or finished treatment
4. Medical Research Council dyspnoea score grade 2 or higher

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

Stage 1 (patients):
1. Unable or unwilling to provide informed consent

Stage 2 (staff):
1. Unable or unwilling to provide informed consent

Stage 2:
1. Comorbidities such as severe or unstable cardiovascular, other internal diseases and locomotor difficulties that preclude exercise
2. Malignant disease such as lung cancer
3. Evidence of active TB on Chest X-ray or sputum tests within 1 month of assessment
4. Unable or unwilling to provide informed consent.

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment


Trial participating centre

National Center of Cardiology and Internal Medicine named after Mirrakhimov
3 Togolok Moldo Street

Sponsor information


University of Leicester

Sponsor details

University Road
United Kingdom
+44116 252 2522

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name

National Institute for Health Research

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

It is anticipated that the results from this study will be published in international journals and presented locally, nationally and internationally at appropriate meetings and conferences. All data that will be collected is anticipated to be published.

IPD sharing statement:
The current data sharing plans for this study are unknown and will be available at a later date

Intention to publish date


Participant level data

To be made available at a later date

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

02/09/2019: Trial’s existence confirmed by National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)