Condition category
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting
Publication status
Results overdue

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name used to refer to a number of progressive devastating and debilitating lung diseases, which includes chronic bronchitis, emphysema and chronic obstructive airways disease. People that have COPD typically feel breathless after physical activity, have a persistent cough with phlegm and suffer frequently from chest infections. Feeling short of breath can lead to inactivity and muscle deconditioning in patients with COPD. Positive airway pressure (PAP) can relieve shortness of breath and improve exercise tolerance (the amount of exercise that they are able to do). This study examines the effect of PAP delivered by a battery powered handheld device to COPD patients after exercise to relieve shortness of breath.

Who can participate?
Aged at least 18 with diagnosed COPD but able to do mild exercise.

What does the study involve?
Participants are randomly allocated into one of three groups. They are all then asked to do some mild exercise. Those in group 1 are then provided with the portable PAP device to use after the exercise to ease breathlessness. Those in group 2 are provided with what looks like a portable PAP device, but it is nonfunctional (a SHAM device) to use after the exercise. Those in group 3 are asked to perform lip breathing after exercise. The time it takes to return to the shortness of breath experienced prior to exercise for each participant is determined. We anticipate that the time after exercise to return to baseline shortness of breath using the hand held device is shorter than that while using a SHAM device and pursed-lip breathing (PLB) after exercise. As a secondary outcome, we will evaluate the distance walked during exercise.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Other than possibly gaining a better understanding of their ability to exercise and contributing to general knowledge of strategies to address shortness of breath, participants will not benefit directly from enrolling in the study. Risks of study participation include breathing and general discomfort while exercising. Lung damage from the portable positive airway pressure device is a remote possibility. Participants will be closely monitored during exercise and may request that the exercise activity be terminated. Patients with a history of lung damage from positive pressure devices are not eligible to participate.

Where is the study run from?
Pittsburgh Pulmonary Associates Ltd (USA)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
April 2014 to October 2015

Who is funding the study?
Philips Respironics (USA)

Who is the main contact?
Mr William Hardy

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Mr William Hardy


Contact details

Philips Respironics
1740 Golden Mile Highway
PA 15146
United States of America
+ 724 387 4169

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

Effect of intermittent positive air pressure in relieve of shortness of breath in COPD patients after exertion.


Study hypothesis

To determine whether intermittent positive airway pressure given after exercise to patients with COPD can shorten their shortness of breath recovery period

Ethics approval

Allendale Institutional Review Board (AIRB), 26/03/2015

Study design

Prospective, interventional trial

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use contact details to request a participant information sheet


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


Participants are asked to undergo exercise session and then use one of the following to alleviate shortness of breath:
1. Portable battery powered positive airway pressure (PAP) device
2. Portable sham positive airway pressure device
3. Pursed lip breathing

Intervention type



Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Time to return to baseline shortness of breath rating after exercise

Secondary outcome measures

Distance walked during exercise

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Age ≥ 18
2. Ability to provide consent
3. COPD diagnosis with FEV1 < 55 and > 25 of predicted value
4. Perceived Shortness of Breath via the Modified Medical Research Counsel Dyspnea questionnaire (rating of 2 or greater)
5. Able to follow directions
6. Able to tolerate mild physical activity

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. Subjects who are acutely ill, medically complicated or who are medically unstable as determined by the investigator
2. Suffering from COPD Exacerbation at time of data collection

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United States of America

Trial participating centre

Pittsburgh Pulmonary Associates, Ltd
United States of America

Sponsor information


Philips Respironics

Sponsor details

1740 Golden Mile Highway
United States of America

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name

Philips Respironics (USA)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Submitted late breaking abstract to the 2015 European Respiratory Society meeting. Upon completing recruitment of approximatlely thirty (30) participants, a peer reviewed publication is anticipated.

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

13/10/2016: Internal review