Condition category
Urological and Genital Diseases
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects around 1 in 7 people in the UK. Some people with advanced CKD may go on to need demanding treatments such as dialysis, which can affect their quality of life. Some researchers and doctors believe it would be helpful for patients to provide reports about their symptoms and quality of life in between their regular hospital appointments by completing a questionnaire on their computer or smartphone. These questionnaires are called ‘electronic Patient-Reported Outcome Measures’ or ePROMs. If the ePROM report shows that a patient needs urgent care, this will help a doctor take action straight away, rather than waiting until the next clinic appointment. This could help to manage a patient’s CKD and symptoms better. No-one has tried using ePROM reporting for people with CKD, so the aim of this study is to test an ePROM system in a small group of patients with CKD who are being treated at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham. The results will be used to plan a much larger study to show whether ePROM reporting in the NHS is actually better for patients.

Who can participate?
Patients who are over 18 and have advanced chronic kidney disease

What does the study involve?
Participants are randomly allocated to one of two groups. One group continue to receive usual care, while the other group are asked to provide monthly reports on their health status using an online electronic Patient-Reported Outcome Measure (ePROM) system.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
It is not known whether using the ePROM system will have any benefits. Participants in the ePROM group might benefit from being more closely monitored by the CKD team, but this study is needed to find this out. If the ePROM reporting system is shown to be helpful in a large study, future patients with advanced CKD may benefit from its use across the NHS. There are no risks to taking part in the study, only the use of participant's time. For participants in both groups, the extra information collected for this study will make their appointments a little longer.

Where is the study run from?
The study is being run by the University of Birmingham. Participants will be recruited at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham (UK)

When is study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
January 2017 to December 2020

Who is funding the study?
National Institute for Health Research (UK)

Who is the main contact?
Dr Derek Kyte

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Derek Kyte


Contact details

Centre for Patient-Reported Outcome Research (CPROR)
College of Medical and Dental Sciences
University of Birmingham
Room 210
The Learning Centre
B15 2TT
United Kingdom
+44 (0)121 4158502

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

The use of an electronic Patient-Reported Outcome Measure in the management of patients with advanced chronic kidney disease – the RePROM pilot trial



Study hypothesis

To assess the feasibility of undertaking a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of the use of electronic Patient-Reported Outcomes (ePROMs) in the management of patients with advanced Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).

Ethics approval

West Midlands - Edgbaston Research Ethics Committee, 26/02/2018, ref: 18/WM/0013

Study design

Randomised; Both; Design type: Treatment, Complex Intervention, Qualitative

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details to request a patient information sheet


Specialty: Renal disorders, Primary sub-specialty: Renal disorders; UKCRC code/ Disease: Renal and Urogenital/ Renal failure


Participants randomised to the intervention arm will commence monthly self-reporting of their health status using an online electronic Patient-Reported Outcome (ePROM system), after receiving a face-to-face training session. Reporting will continue for 12 months. Participants will receive automated reminders 24 hours prior to each scheduled self-report and 24 hours after a failure to report if necessary, these will be delivered via the secure hospital patient portal, text message, email or a landline telephone call, according to participants’ preferences. Participants may also upload additional ad-hoc reports to the system as well, if they feel this is necessary (e.g.: if they wish to communicate a sudden change in symptoms). The ePROM system will provide tailored information to patients in response to each report (both scheduled and ad-hoc) and alert the clinical team of patient deterioration according to a priori determined alert threshold criteria established in the trial intervention development study. After receiving training during the study setup period, the renal clinical team will monitor for ePROM alerts and will respond with appropriate clinical action, in line with standard clinical practice.

Participants randomised to the control group continue to receive usual care.

Intervention type



Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Feasibility is measured via review of recruitment and retention rates, data collection processes, data completeness and adherence to the ePROM intervention, at the end of the trial

Secondary outcome measures

1. Health-related quality of life is measured using the validated EQ-5D-5L at baseline, 3, 6 9 and 12 months
2. Clinical condition is measured using: Serum Creatinine, Calcium, Phosphate, Bicarbonate, Albumin, eGFR, ACR, blood pressure, and for participants with diabetes: glucose and HbA1c, at baseline, 3, 6 9 and 12 months
3. Clinical event data, including: progression to end stage renal disease, contact with health care professionals in secondary care (outpatient clinics and A&E), inpatient hospitalisation and death, are measured using Clinical Report Forms at baseline, 3, 6 9 and 12 months
4. Health resource use data are measured using Clinical Report Forms at baseline, 3, 6 9 and 12 months

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Aged ≥18 years old
2. Ability to provide fully informed consent for participation in the study
3. Patients under the care of the renal services at Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham (QEHB)
4. Patients meeting the trial definition of advanced CKD: an eGFR ≥6 and ≤15 mL/min/1.73m2 (inclusive) OR a projected risk of progression to end-stage renal failure within 2-years ≥20% using the 4-variable Tangri renal risk calculator

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants

Planned Sample Size: 66; UK Sample Size: 66

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Patients unwilling to use the ePROM intervention
2. Patients who, in the opinion of the consenting professional, cannot speak, read or write English sufficiently well to complete the ePROM unaided
3. An episode of acute kidney injury (defined in accordance with national guidelines) within the last 3 months
4. Patients meeting the trial definition of End Stage Renal Disease (currently receiving dialysis/scheduled to start in the next 2 weeks OR received/scheduled date to receive a kidney transplant OR eGFR < = 5ml/min/1.73m2)
5. A terminal illness that, in the opinion of the consultant consultant assessing eligibility, is likely to lead to the death of the patient within 6 months of starting participation in the study

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham
University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust Mindelsohn Way Edgbaston
B15 2GW
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


University of Birmingham

Sponsor details

B15 2TT
United Kingdom

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre



Funder type


Funder name

National Institute for Health Research

Alternative name(s)


Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Federal/National Government


United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Planned publication in a high-impact peer reviewed journal. Additional trial documents will be made available on the study website at:

IPD sharing statement
The datasets generated and/or analysed during the current study during this study will be included in the subsequent results publication.

Intention to publish date


Participant level data


Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes