Condition category
Circulatory System
Date applied
07/08/2013
Date assigned
27/02/2014
Last edited
08/02/2016
Prospective/Retrospective
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Although CVD is associated with older adults, the signs of CVD, particularly atherosclerosis (when arteries become clogged up by fatty substances such as cholesterol), begin in early life and can progress through an individual's lifetime. Poor diet, lack of exercise and smoking are associated with atherosclerosis, and through lifestyle interventions the risk can be decreased. Regular consumption of five portions or more of fruit and vegetables (FV) as part of a healthy diet is thought to play an important role in the prevention of CVD. This is supported by evidence from observational studies. However, there is currently limited insight into the effects of FV supplements on the lining of blood vessels such as arteries, as well as insulin sensitivity, which are important steps on the pathway to CVD. In some longer term studies, JuicePlus+® supplements (containing antioxidants, polyphenols and other bioactive phytochemicals derived from 26 different FV) have been shown to decrease cardiovascular risk factors such as blood pressure. In this study, we propose to evaluate the effect of '5-A-Day' dietary advice and supplementation with JuicePlus+® capsules versus placebo (dummy) capsules on vascular function and CVD risk in a population of overweight/obese individuals. This study is expected to further our understanding of the short-term impact of FV constituents on CVD risk and has the potential to inform future dose selection and/or in-depth explanatory studies and dietary intervention studies using FV supplements.

Who can participate?
Overweight and obese males and females aged 25-65 years.

What does the study involve?
Pre-screening telephone call
Eligibility for the study will be assessed and if eligible you will be invited to the Medical Research Council (MRC) Human Nutrition Research Unit (HNR) for a screening visit.
Screening Visit
Study procedures will be fully explained to you and you will be shown all the equipment that will be used to take measurements during the study visits. If you are happy to take part written consent will be taken.
A fasted blood sample will be taken to further assess your eligibility. Your height and weight will be measured. You will be asked to complete two short questionnaires about physical activity and consumption of fruit and vegetables. A nutritionist will provide you with '5-A-Day' dietary advice. You will be randomly allocated to one of two groups:
Group 1: Three supplement capsules twice daily for 12 weeks. You will be given '5-A-Day' dietary advice plus written nutrition education material.
Group 2: Three placebo capsules twice daily for 12 weeks. You will be given '5-A-Day' dietary advice plus written nutrition education material.
You will not know which group you have been assigned to.
Study Visit 1
You will also be required to collect a 24-hour urine sample, starting the day before your visit and ending in the morning of the first test visit. This visit will last about 5 hours and you will have a number of measurements taken:
1. 45 ml blood sample (fasted)
2. Height and weight
3. Body fat percentage and waist circumference
4. Blood pressure
5. The thickness of the main artery on your neck will be measured using a specialised ultrasound machine
6. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
7. The thickness of an artery in your arm will be measured using a specialised ultrasound machine
8. The pulse in your wrist will be measured using a specialized machine
9. Blood flow will be assessed using electrical current
You will also complete a questionnaire to assess habitual fruit and vegetable intake and you will receive '5-A-Day' dietary advice and a 6-week supply of capsules.
In between study visit 1 and the follow up/intermediate visit, a member of the study team will phone weekly to monitor and provide ongoing support.
Follow-up/Intermediate Visit
Six weeks after Study Visit 1, you will attend the HNR and you will be given your next 6-week supply of capsules. A fasting blood sample will be taken. A nutritionist will provide you with '5-A-Day' dietary advice and you will be asked to complete a short questionnaire regarding your fruit and vegetable intake.
In between the follow-up/intermediate visit and study visit 2, a study team member will phone weekly to monitor and provide ongoing support.
Study Visit 2
This visit is the same as Study Visit 1 except you will not receive any more capsules following the visit.
Genetic and related metabolic tests on stored samples
In this study we plan to look at a range of genes and related metabolic tests which might affect your risk of CVD. The effects of these genes are not yet well understood, and this research is at a very early stage. For this reason, we will not be giving you any information on your genes. This is because the results will not be clinically relevant.
With your consent we will also store a small quantity of your blood for potential future research.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
You will receive advice on how to reach the '5-A-Day' recommended intake of fruit and vegetables. Knowledge gained in this study will help our research into the prevention of heart disease.
If your blood measurements indicate anything clinical or that you may be at increased risk of developing conditions such as heart disease or diabetes, we will inform you and your GP (doctor). As a result your GP may want to order more tests. A new diagnosis could affect your future insurance status (e.g. for life or private medical insurance). Your GP will arrange any specific treatment you may need in the usual way.

Where is the study run from?
Medical Research Council (MRC) Human Nutrition Research Unit (HNR), Cambridge, UK

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
April 2013 to December 2014

Who is funding the study?
The Medical Research Council (MRC), UK.

Who is the main contact?
Marietta Sayegh, Trial Co-ordinator
Dr Sumantra Ray, Chief Investigator

Trial website

http://www.mrc-hnr.cam.ac.uk/volunteers/current-volunteer-projects

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Dr Sumantra Ray

ORCID ID

Contact details

MRC Human Nutrition Research
120 Fulbourn Road
Cambridge
CB1 9NL
United Kingdom

Type

Scientific

Additional contact

Ms Polly Page

ORCID ID

Contact details

MRC Human Nutrition Research
120 Fulbourn Road
Cambridge
CB1 9NL
United Kingdom

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

6456

Study information

Scientific title

Nutritional Supplementation study of fruit and vegetable extracts and vascular function: a randomised controlled trial of the effects of supplementation with fruit and vegetable extracts on vascular and endothelial function

Acronym

NNTV

Study hypothesis

Supplementation with capsules containing a combination of equal quantities of "Fruit Blend", "Vegetable Blend", and "Vineyard Blend" in addition to standard dietary advice to consume five portions of fruit and vegetables daily, will significantly improve bio-markers of vascular and metabolic function in overweight and obese adults, compared with a control group receiving identical dietary advice and placebo capsules.

Ethics approval

NRES Committee East of England - Essex, 03/06/2013, ref: 13/EE/0095

Study design

Single-centre double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial with parallel group design

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised parallel trial

Trial setting

Other

Trial type

Treatment

Patient information sheet

Patient information can be found at http://www.mrc-hnr.cam.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/Appendix-I-Study-protocol_PIS-1+2_v5-0.pdf

Condition

Vascular Function/Cardiovascular Prevention

Intervention

Eighty participants will be randomly assigned to one of two interventions with 40 participants in each intervention group:

1. Standard '5-A-Day' dietary advice and three fruit and vegetable extracts capsules twice daily (5+J) for 12 weeks.
2. Standard '5-A-Day' dietary advice and three placebo capsules twice daily (5+P) for 12 weeks

Total follow up for all study arms from test visit 1 (baseline) is 12 weeks duration.

Intervention type

Supplement

Phase

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Change in Carotid Intimal Media Thickness (cIMT) between baseline and 12 weeks of intervention

Secondary outcome measures

1. Dynamic macrovascular changes: flow mediated dilatation, pulse wave analysis (Augmentation Index) and ambulatory blood pressure.
2. Dynamic microvascular changes: laser Doppler imaging following iontopheresis of acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside.
3. Changes in laboratory blood markers including endothelial cell function and oxidative stress: isoprostanes, selectins and oxidised LDL (as markers of chronic low grade inflammation and vascular dysfunction); fasting insulin and C-peptide (markers of metabolic health); lipids, glucose and HbA1C (classical risk markers).
4. Changes in Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP): ‘5-A-Day’ KAP measured using scores from the ‘FACET’ validated questionnaire to assess FV intake, and related lifestyle measures.
5. Changes to safety monitoring indicators: liver function, full blood count and ECG.

The secondary outcome measures are elicited in tandem with the primary outcomes at baseline (test visit 1) and 12 weeks (test visit 2).

Overall trial start date

03/06/2013

Overall trial end date

31/12/2015

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

Current inclusion criteria as of 27/10/2014:
Eighty, free-living, overweight and obese male and female adults deemed eligible for inclusion in this study. The inclusion criteria are:
1. BMI 25-35 kg/m²
2. Aged 25 - 65 years
3. Non-smoker
4. Willing and able to comply with the study procedures
5. No history of cardiovascular disease (CVD)

Previous inclusion criteria:
Eighty, free-living, overweight and obese male and female adults deemed eligible for inclusion in this study. The inclusion criteria are:
1. BMI 25-35 kg/m²
2. Aged 25 - 60 years
3. Non-smoker
4. Willing and able to comply with the study procedures
5. No history of cardiovascular disease (CVD)

Participant type

Healthy volunteer

Age group

Adult

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

80 participants

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Smokers
2. History of CVD

Recruitment start date

03/06/2013

Recruitment end date

31/12/2015

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

MRC Human Nutrition Research
Cambridge
CB1 9NL
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

Medical Research Council (MRC) (UK)

Sponsor details

Human Nutrition Research
120 Fulbourn Road
Cambridge
CB1 9NL
United Kingdom

Sponsor type

Research council

Website

Funders

Funder type

Research council

Funder name

Medical Research Council (MRC) Human Nutrition Research (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Funder name

National Safety Associates LLC (USA)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

2016 protocol in: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26846357

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

05/02/2016: Publication reference added. On 13/05/2015 the overall trial end date was changed from 31/12/2014 to 31/12/2015. On 27/10/2014 National Safety Associates LLC (USA) was added to the sources of funding field.