Condition category
Not Applicable
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting
Publication status
Results overdue

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a lifelong condition which causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. People are more likely to develop diabetes if they are overweight, do not exercise, eat an unhealthy diet or are of an older age. Some people with type 2 diabetes also show signs of microalbuminuria, a term used to describe an increase of albumin protein detected in a person’s urine. Microalbuminuria does not have any specific symptoms itself, and is usually only diagnosed by urine test. However, the presence of microalbuminuria is associated with a higher risk of heart and kidney disease in people with type 2 diabetes. Identifying microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes early can lead to faster treatment, decreased costs and hospital visits, and improved long term health. Unfortunately, there is currently no routine way for general practitioners (GPs) and practice nurses to review all the risk factors that they need to consider during consultations with patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria. The aim of this study is to test new software which aims to bring these factors together and alert the healthcare professional that the patient has a high risk of heart and kidney disease. This will assist the health care professional in targeting the many risk factors involved to improve heart and kidney health in people with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria.

Who can participate?
Leicester GP practices and attached patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria.

What does the study involve?
Participating GP practices are randomly allocated into one of two groups. GP practices in group 1 (intervention group) have customised software installed on their computers. The software highlights patients with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria to the GP and/or practice nurse. Practice staff are also given educational training on how to manage these patients better, and receive regular feedback on how these patients are being treated. GP practices in group 2 (control group) continue to provide standard care for their patients. The health of patients included in the study is assessed 2 years later using anonymised data.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Patients treated by GP practices using the computerised ‘prompting’ system may have better health outcomes. If this is the case, the results of this study will be used to recommend that all GP surgeries are provided with this training and information to improve patient outcomes.

Where is the study run from?
Leicester Diabetes Centre - Leicester General Hospital (UK)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
June 2015 to June 2017

Who is funding the study?
Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care - East Midlands (UK)

Who is the main contact?
Dr A Willis

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Andrew Willis


Contact details

Leicester Diabetes Centre
Leicester General Hospital
United Kingdom
+44 (0)1162588995

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

An implementation strategy for reducing cardiac and renal complications in people with type 2 diabetes: the GP-Prompt study


Study hypothesis

Does a multifaceted intervention consisting of an automated software package operating within GP practice IT systems, education and training for practice staff and enhanced audit and feedback increase the proportion of eligible patients meeting enhanced targets for blood pressure and total cholesterol?

Ethics approval

NRES Committee North West - Lancaster, 16/04/2015, ref: 27/4/15.

Study design

Two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

GP practices

Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use contact details to request a participant information sheet.


The intervention being tested is aimed at general practitioners and practice nurses. The intervention will support practices in managing patients with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria.


The intervention consists of three separate parts:
1. A software alert/template: the software alert will sit on the GP Practice computer and will trigger when eligible patients attend the surgery. The alert will encourage GPs/nurses to treat blood pressure (BP)/HbA1c/total cholesterol (TC) to target
2. Enhanced training for healthcare professionals: an educational intervention - two members of practice staff will be invited to attend a 1/2 day training session. Content will focus on justification for tighter targets for TC, BP and HbA1c in addition to case based discussion
3. Follow up email support for case based discussion: intervention practices will be able to access advice from a diabetes consultant via email in relation to specific queries

Intervention type



Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Proportion (%) of patients meeting both of the following targets: BP <130/80 mmHg and total cholesterol <3.5mmol/l measured 24 months post-intervention.

Secondary outcome measures

1. Incidence of CV events and all-cause mortality
2. Glycaemic control assessed by HbA1c
3. Progression in microalbuminuria assessed via albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR)
4. Kidney function measured via estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)
5. Current type 2 diabetes mellitus medications (use of metformin, Sulphonylureas (SUs), insulin, thiazolidinediones (TZD), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP1), dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP4) or sodium-glucose linked transporters (SGLT2))
6. Current BP or cholesterol medications (use of ACE inhibitors, ARBs, beta blockers, alpha blockers, aspirin, statins or exenatide)
7. Current smoking status

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

We aim to recruit 24 practices (12 intervention & 12 control) we will collect anonymised data from eligible patients registered at participating practices. Patients will be eligible if they have type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria and are not excepted from quality outcomes framework (QOF) (whole domain diabetes) for any reason.

Participant type

Health professional

Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. GP practices not located in Leicester City CCG, Leicester county east CCG or Leicester county west CCG will not be invited to take part in the study
2. GP practices with a list size of <6500 patients will not be invited to take part in the study

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Leicester Diabetes Centre - Leicester General Hospital
Gwendolen Road Leicester
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


University of Leicester

Sponsor details

Leicester General Hospital
United Kingdom

Sponsor type




Funder type

Research organisation

Funder name

Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care - East Midlands (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

We plan to publish results of the study in high impact peer reviewed journals.

Intention to publish date


Participant level data

Not expected to be available

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

2018 protocol and baseline characteristics in:

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

11/06/2018: Publication reference added.