Condition category
Nutritional, Metabolic, Endocrine
Date applied
08/09/2017
Date assigned
19/09/2017
Last edited
18/09/2017
Prospective/Retrospective
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Ongoing
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Menopause is an expected event in a woman’s life due to ovarian aging. Ovarian aging is produced by a series of hormonal changes that leads to the erratic production of estrogens that eventually leads to low estrogen levels (menopause). Menopause is associated with multiple symptoms that affects self-esteem and quality of life of the women. The marked reduction in estrogens has been shown to increase levels of oxidative stress (OS) in the body. Oxidative stress is an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the body’s ability to neutralize them by antioxidans. Therefore menopause is a risk factor for OS, which may be due to an estrogenic deficiency and severity of symptoms. Hormone therapy (HT) with estrogen with or without progestin (synthetic progestogens), is a therapeutic alternative for women seeking help to ease their symptoms that occur after menopause, also with antioxidant effect. However, this type of therapy is controversial and can have negative short-term and long-term effects, even leading to treatment withdrawal. An alternative to HT has been the use of tibolone, a molecule with selective activity as estrogen, progestin and androgen, that has effect over postmenopausal symptoms and has not shown side effects, but it has not been clear whether it is an antioxidant molecule. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of tibolone on OS associated with mood disorders, climacteric symptoms, loss of muscle function and bone mineral density, that modify self-esteem and quality of life in postmenopausal women, compared with HT and placebo.

Who can participate?
Women aged 45-59 who have not had menstruation in 12 months.

What does the study involve?
Participants are randomly allocated to one of three groups. Those in the first group receive 2.5 mg/d of tibolone daily for 18 months. Those in the second group receive 0.625 mg/g of synthetic conjugated estrogen as well as 5 mg/10 g of medroxyprogesterone. Those in the last group receive a placebo (a dummy medication). Participants are followed up at six months to measure their oxidative stress and other symptoms.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
The treatment may improve participant’s women postmenopausal symptoms and quality of life. There are no risks to the health for participants with hormone treatment or placebo.

Where is the study run from?
National Autonomous University of Mexico (Mexico)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
November 2016 to July 2019

Who is funding the study?
National Autonomous University of Mexico (Mexico)

Who is the main contact?
Dr Martha A. Sanchez-Rodriguez
masanrod@yahoo.com.mx

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Dr Martha A. Sanchez-Rodriguez

ORCID ID

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7130-4074

Contact details

Av. Guelatao No. 66 Col
Ejercito de Oriente
Mexico City
09230
Mexico
+52 15556230750
masanrod@yahoo.com.mx

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

N/A

Study information

Scientific title

Menopause and Oxidative Stress Study (MOS): Effects of tibolone and oestrogen hormone therapy on oxidative stress associated to mood disturbances, insomnia, loss of muscle function and bone mineral density, that affect self-esteem and quality of life in postmenopausal women

Acronym

MOS

Study hypothesis

Considering that tibolone improves the symptoms present in postmenopausal period, and has a possible antioxidant activity, we assume that women with tibolone therapy will have a decrease in oxidative stress associated with postmenopausal disturbances, improving their quality of life and self-esteem, as well as those taking oestrogen therapy, and with an opposite effect to women receiving placebo.

Ethics approval

Ethics Committee of the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 12/01/2017, ref: FESZ/DEPI/CI/004/17;

Study design

Prospective randomized double-blind trial single-centre

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Community

Trial type

Treatment

Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet

Condition

Postmenopausal women with or without mood disturbances, insomnia, loss of muscle function and bone mineral density, that affect self-esteem and quality of life.

Intervention

The treatment allocation is done using the simple random method with a scientific calculator.

Three groups are formed:
1. Women with 2.5 mg/d of tibolone
2. Women with 0.625 mg/d of synthetic conjugated oestrogens + 5 mg/10 d of medroxyprogesterone
3. Women taking placebo (pharmaceutical presentation similar to the treatment)
All the treatments are taken by oral administration.

The therapy follow up will be during 18 months with assessments at baseline and ever 6 months.

Intervention type

Drug

Phase

Not Applicable

Drug names

tibolone

Primary outcome measures

Oxidative stress is measured using lipoperoxide levels by TBARS assay, erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase (GPx), total plasma antioxidant status and uric acid, using Randox Laboratories kits, at baseline measurement prior to initiation of therapy, and every 3 months.

Secondary outcome measures

1. Hot flashes is measured using women's self-report diaries regarding how many total hot flashes they had per day during a week as well as information regarding the severity of each of these hot flashes (mild, moderate, severe, or very severe). The diaries are picked up at baseline and every 3 months.
2. Insomnia is measured using the Athens Insomnia Scale (Spanish version) at baseline and every 3 months
3. Depression is measured using the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (Spanish version) at baseline and every 3 months
4. Anxiety is measured using the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (Spanish version) at baseline and every 3 months
5. Quality of life and self-esteem is measured using the WHO Quality of Life-brief and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (Spanish version), respectively, at baseline and every 3 months
6. Handgrip strength is measured with a dynamometer and the muscle mass by bioimpedance analysis, as muscle function tests, at baseline and every 6 months
7. Bone mineral density is measured using at the peripheral DXA in hip and column at baseline and every 6 months

Overall trial start date

28/11/2016

Overall trial end date

30/07/2019

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Women aged 45-59 with intact uterus
2. At least 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea and/or serum estradiol levels less 25 pg/mL and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels higher 50 mU/mL

Participant type

Healthy volunteer

Age group

Adult

Gender

Female

Target number of participants

n= 150, 50 by group

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Women with cardiovascular, renal, hepatic or cancer disease
2. Antioxidant supplement intake for at least six months prior to the beginning of the study
2. Previous hormone therapy
3. Those who do not agree to participate in the study

Recruitment start date

02/10/2017

Recruitment end date

15/12/2017

Locations

Countries of recruitment

Mexico

Trial participating centre

National Autonomous University of Mexico
Faculty of Higher Studies-Zaragoza Guelatao # 66
Mexico City
09230
Mexico

Sponsor information

Organisation

National Autonomous University of Mexico

Sponsor details

Av. Universidad 3000
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México CU
Mexico City
04510
Mexico

Sponsor type

University/education

Website

http://www.zaragoza.unam.mx/

Funders

Funder type

University/education

Funder name

National Autonomous University of Mexico

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Planned publication in a high-impact peer reviewed journal.The study protocol is in Spanish and it is not available on line. Please contact the author to request a copy.

IPD sharing statement:
The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are/will be available upon request from Dr. Martha A. Sanchez-Rodriguez, e-mail: masanrod@yahoo.com.mx or request a copy in the institutional website: http://condor.zaragoza.unam.mx/fesz_website_2011/?page_id=4004.

Intention to publish date

15/10/2019

Participant level data

Available on request

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes