Condition category
Nutritional, Metabolic, Endocrine
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Management of diabetes is emerging as a major public challenge for India. Interventions to improve knowledge/awareness about diabetes and its complications, self-help (attending doctor’s appointments, compliance with treatment), and lifestyles (exercising, avoiding smoking/alcohol consumption) are available by different methods such as workshops, radio/television interviews, community events, and street marches by professionals involved in diabetes management. However, what is lacking with diabetes management in India and particularly in Darjeeling district is the inclusion of a multidisciplinary (holistic) diabetic intervention tool that is culturally appropriate. Such a multidisciplinary tool would focus on various interventions together to improve knowledge/awareness about diabetes, physical activity, diet or meal plan, goal setting and attendance for diabetic eye check-up. Furthermore, there is a need to monitor diabetic patients closely to ensure that they follow the intervention given at home. The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a culturally appropriate multidisciplinary diabetic intervention video tool in diabetic patients in Darjeeling, whilst closely monitoring their compliance.

Who can participate?
Patients who have been told by their doctor that they have type 2 diabetes

What does the study involve?
Participants will be randomly divided into two groups using a lottery method. Participants in group 1 will receive training on the multidisciplinary diabetic intervention tool which includes easy to understand video clips in the local language. Training will be provided during the first visit by a member of a research team. The training will last for about 25 minutes with frequent breaks and adequate time to ask questions if participants do not understand any aspects of their participation. Participants in group 2 will not receive any training on the intervention tool, but will receive normal diabetic care. Data will be collected on blood sugar, blood pressure, height, weight, diet, physical activity, at the first visit and follow-up visits after 3 months and 6 months from both the participant groups. All participants will follow their diabetic management and take their medicine as advised. The researchers will also closely monitor participant’s compliance to the intervention given via telephone call.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
It is expected that the results of this study will benefit patients with diabetes to better self-manage their condition. The researchers do not expect any concerning risks to participants. Participants’ blood samples will be taken under the direct supervision of a consultant doctor using standard procedures. If participants feel tired during the training they will be provided rest for as long as they need it. If participants do not understand anything or have any kind of confusion, they are free to ask questions throughout their participation. They can withdraw at any time without any of their normal management been affected.

Where is the study run from?
Kurseong Sub-divisional Hospital (India)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
March 2020 to December 2020

Who is funding the study?
Anglia Ruskin University (UK)

Who is the main contact?
Dr Anupama Biswas

Trial website

Not available

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Anupama Biswas


Contact details

Kurseong Sub-Divisional Hospital
+91 (0)7602553404



Additional contact

Prof Shahina Pardhan


Contact details

Vision and Eye Research Institute
Anglia Ruskin University
CB1 1 PT
United Kingdom
+44 (0)8451962257



Additional contact

Dr Raju Sapkota


Contact details

Vision and Eye Research Institute
Anglia Ruskin University
United Kingdom
+44 (0)8451962642

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

Nil known number

Nil known

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

Intervention to control diabetes and diabetic eye complications in Darjeeling, India


Study hypothesis

Diabetic patients who are trained on a multidisciplinary intervention tool of diabetic management will have their diabetes controlled significantly better than those who are not.

Ethics approval

Approved 29/07/2019, ethics board of Kurseong Sub-Divisional Hospital (Medical Superintendent, Kurseong district, Darjeeling, India, 734101; Tel: +91 (0)906466971, +91 (0)354 2254218 (medical superintendent); Email:, ref: 04-D/1682 KSDH146/A/TO/-

Study design

Single-centre hospital-based randomized interventional study

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details to request a participant information sheet


Diabetes and diabetic retinopathy


Patients meeting the inclusion criteria will be recruited from Kurseong Sub-Divisional Hospital, Darjeeling, India through a consultant doctor who specializes in diabetic eye examinations, and is a member of the research team (Dr Biswas).

Patients will be randomly allocated into intervention and non-intervention groups using a lottery method. Patients in the ‘intervention’ group will attend workshops and receive training in the form of video at the start of the study. The intervention tool contains culturally appropriate short video clips (12 minutes) on knowledge/ awareness about diabetes and its control, misconception about diabetes, physical exercise, diet, goal setting, diabetic eye complications, and the importance of attending diabetic retinopathy screening. Patients in the ‘non-intervention (or normal care)’ group will not be trained on the intervention tool and will be examined at the first visit and after 3 and 6 months. All patients will take their prescribed diabetes medicine irrespective of which group they belong to.

Data on demographics, BMI, knowledge/awareness about diabetes, self-help, lifestyle, information on diet, physical activity, fasting blood sugar, BP, etc. will be collected from both the patient groups at the first visit, after 3 months and 6 months. A research assistant will recruit patients and the clinical data will be collected by the clinician. The data will be masked and the data collector will not have any knowledge of which group of patients (intervention or non-intervention) the data belong to.

The researchers will also record how many patients attended diabetic eye examinations since they were trained on the intervention tool at the follow-up visits. There will be an equal number of males and female participants between the study groups, and also that the participants will be of similar age between the groups.

Intervention type



Drug names

Primary outcome measure

1. Fasting blood sugar and blood pressure levels measured using lab tests at the first and follow up visits after 3 and 6 months
2. Attendance for diabetic eye check-up recorded using hospital records or participants medical files at the follow-up visits

Secondary outcome measures

1. Body mass index (BMI) obtained by measuring heights and weights at baseline and follow-up visits after 3 and 6 months
2. Knowledge and awareness of diabetes and its control, healthy lifestyle and diet, measured using a questionnaire at baseline and follow-up visits after 3 and 6 months

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Fasting blood sugar levels of ≥126 mg/dL
2. Patients diagnosed to have type 2 diabetes by a doctor
3. Patients who are able to provide informed written consent

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. Patients with history of having attended diabetic education workshops/seminars
2. Patients who are unable to provide informed written consent
3. Patients self-reporting to have significantly impaired memory functions and other conditions that affect capacity to give consent such as dementia, stroke, Huntingdon’s disease, etc
4. Patients with sudden, painful loss of vision
5. More than one patients from the same family
6. Patients with type 1 or gestational diabetes

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment


Trial participating centre

Kurseong Sub-Divisional Hospital
Darjeeling district

Sponsor information


Kurseong Sub-Divisional Hospital

Sponsor details

+91 (0)906466971, +91 (0)354 2254218

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre


Not available


Funder type


Funder name

Anglia Ruskin University

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

private sector organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Universities (academic only)


United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Additional documents (such as study protocol, statistical analysis plan etc) will be available upon request.

The findings will be communicated to the scientific audience, clinicians and the local policymakers through conference presentations, scientific papers, and report writings. The findings will be used to apply for a larger scale study grant to expand on this research. Future publication outputs will be uploaded to the Anglia Ruskin Research Online (, the research repository of the institution with which researchers SP and RS are affiliated to.

IPD sharing statement
The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are/will be available upon request by emailing the following members of the research team:
1. Dr Raju Sapkota (
2. Prof. Shahina Pardhan (
3. Dr Anupama Biswas (
The data requestors will need to sign a data access agreement form.
Type of data: non-identifiable raw data. All participants will be allocated a random designation like P1, P2, etc. (participant 1, participant 2). The data will be available from the time they have been published and up to 4 years. Data may be shared with the scientific community through journal publications and conference presentations, but participants will always remain anonymous. All participants will provide written consent for taking part in the study prior to data collection. The datasets generated and/or analysed will be included in the subsequent results publication depending upon the requirement of the publishing journal.

Intention to publish date


Participant level data

Available on request

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

09/04/2020: Due to current public health guidance, recruitment for this study has been paused. 23/01/2020: Trial's existence confirmed by Kurseong Sub-Divisional Hospital.