Condition category
Circulatory System
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Prof A K Samy


Contact details

Northern Lincolnshire & Goole Hospitals NHS Trust
Diana Princess of Wales Hospital
Scartho Road
DN33 2BA
United Kingdom
+44 01472 874111

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title


Study hypothesis

To compare the use of porcine dermal collagen patch saphenoplasty with standard saphenofemoral flush ligation in primary and recurrent varicose vein surgery. Post-operative subjective and objective measures of the presence and severity of varicosity recurrence shall be compared.

Ethics approval

Not provided at time of registration

Study design

Double blind (patient and assessor blind) randomised controlled Study

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet


Cardiovascular: Varicose veins


Randomisation and Blinding:
Randomisation will be computer generated using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and shall occur only once informed consent has been obtained and following induction of general anaesthesia. Each treatment, either porcine dermal collagen patch or saphenofemoral junction ligation alone will be documented on paper and placed in numbered envelopes and sealed. The envelopes will then be opened in numerical order. The surgeon will not know which mesh is to be used until the time the envelope is opened. The patient and post-operative assessor will not know which mesh has been used in their operation.
A master list of the randomisation will be kept in the Research and Development Department and be used solely for code breaking purposes should any adverse events occur. Adverse events will be reported by study documentation and to the Trust Risk Management department in line with Trust procedure.

All surgery shall be performed under general anaesthesia. Patients shall receive deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis where clinically appropriate and according to local protocols. Surgery shall be performed by the Principle and Co-Investigators using established standard techniques of saphenofemoral junction ligation and varicose vein surgery. Briefly, following dissection to demarcate the saphenofemoral junction all tributaries shall be ligated. Disconnection of the saphenofemoral junction shall then be followed by flush suture ligation using a polygalactin suture with stripping of the saphenous vein to below the knee. In the presence of bifid long saphenous veins each shall be disconnected and suture ligated separately. If randomized to PermacolTM group a small patch of porcine dermal collagen shall be sutured over the obliterated saphenofemoral junction prior to closure of the fascial layers. If randomized to the standard technique alone this step shall be omitted. Standardized wound closure and dressing shall be performed. Discharge shall be with standard simple analgesia after adequate voiding of urine and ambulation. It is anticipated that this shall be the same day for most patients. Patients shall receive instructions to remove their dressings on the third post-operative day and thereafter to wear a Class II compression stocking for 6 weeks.

At 1 and 5 years follow up, a Research Nurse assessor, blinded to the technique used, shall administer pain visual analogue scales and objective, validated measures of QoL; namely the Short Form 36TM (SF36TM) and EUROQOLTM questionnaires. Patients shall be clinically examined for evidence of recurrent varicose veins and an objective measure of severity recorded using the venous disability score (VDS), venous clinical severity score (VCSS) and venous segmental disease score (VSDS).
Patients shall undergo a hand held Doppler ultrasound examination of the saphenofemoral junction to document the presence of radiologically apparent recurrence. This shall be defined as the presence of a new vein with diameter at least 4 mm and with pathologic reflux in direct connection with incompetent varicose veins at thigh level.

Added 05 September 2008: recruitment never started on this site.

Intervention type



Not Specified

Drug names

porcine dermal collagen patch

Primary outcome measures

The study shall be designed to demonstrate a 50% reduction in the clinical presence of recurrence at 5 years. Therefore, the null hypothesis is that no statistically significant difference exists in the clinically assessed recurrence rates at 5 years between PermacolTM and standard surgical groups.

Secondary outcome measures

1. Annual clinical recurrence rates
2. Radiographically demonstrable recurrence rates at 1 year and 5 years
3. Visual analogue pain scores
4. SF36 and EUROQOL questionnaire scores
5. Local complication rate: fistula, haematoma, groin wound infection
6. Serious adverse event rates

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned

Never started.


Participant inclusion criteria

All patients with primary or recurrent, uni or bilateral varicose veins with clinical evidence of saphenofemoral incompetence and who fulfill the following criteria will be considered eligible for the trial:
1. Clinically fit for general anaesthesia
2. Have the need for saphenofemoral junction ligation during varicose vein surgery
3. Should have the legal age and ability to provide informed consent
4. Have no known allergies to the products being tested
5. Agree to their GP being informed of their participation

Participant type


Age group

Not Specified


Not Specified

Target number of participants

To achieve adequate compliance with the protocol and follow up it is anticipated that 80 patients in total will be recruited. 40 patients will be randomly allocated into each arm of the study.

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Patients not able or unwilling to provide informed consent
2. Undergoing formal anti-coagulation for previous thromboembolic phenomena
3. Known allergies to the products being investigated
4. Do not agree to their GP being informed of their participation

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Northern Lincolnshire & Goole Hospitals NHS Trust
DN33 2BA
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


Record Provided by the NHSTCT Register - 2007 Update - Department of Health

Sponsor details

The Department of Health
Richmond House
79 Whitehall
United Kingdom
+44 (0)20 7307 2622

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name

Northern Lincolnshire and Goole Hospitals NHS Trust (UK), R&D Department supports admin cost

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Funder name

Permacol is provided free of charge by Tissue Science Laboratories (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes