Condition category
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
A hip fracture is where there is a break in the upper thigh bone (femur). They are very common affecting around 60,000 people each year, particularly in older adults. A hip fracture is a potentially catastrophic event, with approximately 30% of patients dying within a year of the injury and the rest experiencing a significant reduction in their quality of life. The most common type of hip fracture is treated with a partial hip replacement or hemi-arthroplasty. The hemi-arthroplasty can be fixed to the patient’s thigh bone with or without the use of ‘bone cement’. Cement is the current standard technique, but there are some risks with bone cement which could be avoided by using ‘uncemented’ implants. These risks, which include an increased risk of death during the first 24 hours after surgery, have prompted a recent alert from the National Patient Safety Agency. Traditionally, early types of uncemented implants led to worse outcomes for patients compared to cemented implants. Now however, there have been significant improvements in uncemented implant technology and the current, limited evidence suggests that these modern implants may be as good as the cemented implants but without the risks of using cement. The aim of this study is to conduct a small study to see if a full-scale study comparing cemented with modern uncemented hemi-arthroplasty implants would be feasible.

Who can participate?
All patients who have fractured their hip.

What does the study involve?
Participants are randomly allocated to one of two groups. Those in the first group undergo surgery to fix their hip fracture using traditional cemented implants. Those in the second group undergo surgery to fix their hip fracture using modern uncemented hemi-arthroplasty implants. Following fixation of their hip fracture, all patients undergo a routine rehabilitation before they are discharged from hospital. Patients or their carers are asked to complete a questionnaire to assess their quality of life at the start of the study, and then four week and four months later. In addition some routinely collected data is sent to the study team, including notes about the operation, discharge details, and blood pressure measurements taken during surgery. After completing the four month questionnaire, patients have completed their participation in the study and continue to be treated as per normal standard of care.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
There is no specific advantage to taking part in the trial. However, the information from this trial will help provide information about which treatment is best for patients with this type of injury. Any operation for a broken hip carries some risks. The risks of surgery with both implants include: bleeding, infection, further fracture, dislocation, leg length discrepancy, blood clots, damage to nerves and blood vessels, and the risks associated with the anaesthetic. These risks are the same as for patients who are not part of this research project. There are also uncommon risks associated with each type of hip replacement. In a small number of cases, patients having a cemented replacement can have a reaction to the bone cement, and in a small number of uncemented replacements there may be an extension of the fracture during surgery. If either event were to occur, the anaesthetist and surgeon would continue treatment as per normal practice.

Where is the study run from?
1. University Hospital Coventry (UK)
2. Royal Berkshire Hospital (UK)
3. Queen Alexandra Portsmouth (UK)
4. Queen Elizabeth Hospital (UK)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
September 2016 to February 2018

Who is funding the study?
National Institute for Health Research (UK)

Who is the main contact?
1. Mr Robin Lerner (public)
2. Professor Matthew Costa (scientific)

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Mr Robin Lerner


Contact details

Oxford Trauma
Kadoorie Research CentreJohn Radcliffe Hospital
United Kingdom
+44 1865 227912



Additional contact

Prof Matthew Costa


Contact details

Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
University of Oxford
Kadoorie Centre
Level 3
John Radcliffe Hospital
United Kingdom
+44 1865 223114

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

A feasibility study to compare contemporary un-cemented hemiarthroplasty with the standard-of-care cemented hemiarthroplasty for the treatment of displaced intracapsular hip fractures


WHiTE Five

Study hypothesis

The aim of this study is to establish the feasibility of conducting a full-scale trial comparing cemented with modern uncemented hemi-arthroplasty implants.

Ethics approval

Wales Research Ethics Committee 5, 02/12/2016, ref: 16/WA/0351

Study design

Randomised; Interventional; Design type: Treatment, Device, Surgery

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

See additional files


Specialty: Injuries and emergencies, Primary sub-specialty: Musculoskeletal Trauma; UKCRC code/ Disease: Injuries and Accidents/ Injuries to the hip and thigh


Patients will be randomly assigned a treatment using a web-based randomisation system, this will make sure that about the same number of patients in each participating hospital are assigned each treatment. Patients will then undergo surgery at the next available opportunity on a planned trauma list. The exact surgical procedures will be as per local guidelines. Following surgery patients will undergo a routine rehabilitation programme as per local guidelines.

Cemented hemiarthroplasty: the neck and head of the femur will be replaced with a cemented femoral stem. This is the current standard of care in many UK hospitals

Uncemented hemiarthroplasty: the neck and head of the femur will be replaced with a modern (contemporary) uncemented femoral stem. Uncemented stems are already used as standard practice in some UK hospitals.

Participants will be asked to complete a questionnaire during their initial stay in hospital, 1 month after their operation, and 4 months after their operation. This will usually be done in-person or over the telephone, and may be sent by post. If the patient is unable to answer the questions then an appropriate consultee will be asked to answer on the patient’s behalf. The short questionnaire is about quality of life before and after the injury, and the amount of care the patient receives.

Intervention type



Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Recruitment rate is calculated from the number of patients screened and recruited at each participating hospital. Logs of screened and recruited patients will be monitored monthly.

Secondary outcome measures

1. Quality of life is measured using the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire at baseline (retrospective/pre-injury), 1 month and 4 months after surgery
2. Trial feasibility is assessed by analysing the reasons given by potential patients who chose not to participate (or who later withdraw), monitored continuously throughout the trial
3. Changes in blood pressure during and immediately after surgery will be calculated from routinely collected blood pressure measurements

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned


Participant inclusion criteria

All patients, both those with and without capacity, presenting with an AO type 31-B3 (subcapital, displaced, nonimpacted) fracture of the hip.

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants

Planned Sample Size: 100; UK Sample Size: 100

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Younger than 60 years of age
2. Managed non-operatively
3. Treated with a total hip replacement

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

University Hospital Coventry
Clifford Bridge Road
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Royal Berkshire Hospital
Craven Road
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Queen Alexandra Portsmouth
Southwick Hill Road
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Mindelsohn Way
B15 2TH
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


University of Oxford

Sponsor details

Clinical Trials and Research Governance
Joint Research Office
Block 60
Churchill Hospital
United Kingdom
+44 1865 572221

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre



Funder type


Funder name

National Institute for Health Research

Alternative name(s)


Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Federal/National Government


United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

The results of this trial will be disseminated to the hip fracture clinical community via presentations at national and international meetings as well as publication in peer reviewed journals.

IPD sharing statement:
The current data sharing plans for the current study are unknown and will be made available at a later date.

Intention to publish date


Participant level data

To be made available at a later date

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

09/11/2017: The ISRCTN prospective/retrospective flag compares the date of registration with the recruitment start date and does not include any grace period. The registration of this study was requested through the NIHR Portfolio and was finalised within 6 months of the recruitment starting.