Condition category
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting
Publication status
Results overdue

Contact information



Primary contact

Ms Jane Vickery


Contact details

Peninsula Clinical Trials Unit
ITTC Building 1
Plymouth Science Park
United Kingdom
+44 (0)1752 315250

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

A randomised controlled feasibility Trial of Intraoperative Cell salvage vs donor blood Transfusion in Ovarian Cancer surgery (TICTOC)



Study hypothesis

The aim of this study is to test the processes for a larger definitive trial, ascertain its feasibility and provide the necessary information to plan a full trial, assessing the clinical and cost effectiveness of intra-operative cells salvage for women undergoing surgery for ovarian cancer, compared with the usual practice of transfusing donor blood.

Ethics approval

South West - Exeter Research Ethics Committee, 14/10/2016, ref: 16/SW/0256

Study design

Randomised; Interventional; Design type: Treatment, Process of Care, Management of Care, Surgery

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details to request a patient information sheet


Specialty: Cancer, Primary sub-specialty: Gynae; UKCRC code/ Disease: Cancer/ Malignant neoplasms of female genital organs


Sixty participants will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio to intraoperative cell salvage (ICS, re-infusion of their own blood) or donor blood transfusion during surgery. Participants and outcome assessors will be blinded to the intervention.

For all participants the standard operative procedure for ovarian cancer (cytoreductive surgery) will be performed. If intraoperative transfusion is required, the participant will receive either ICS or donor transfusion according to treatment allocation. Some participants may not require any intraoperative transfusion and some (either arm of the trial) may require donor blood transfusion post-operatively.

Intra-operative cell salvage arm: The cell salvage system to be used in this study is the Haemonetics Cell Saver® 5+ autologous blood recovery system. All sites will follow a common ICS protocol. Collected blood will be processed using a 125ml bowl before being re-infused via a leucodepletion filter. All full bowls of salvaged blood will be reinfused back to the participant during, or at the end of, the operative procedure. ICS blood will be returned even if only small quantities are lost. Participants allocated to the ICS arm who also need donor transfusion for clinical reasons can be given donor blood at any time, during or after surgery, for the duration of their hospital stay.

Donor transfusion arm: Participants allocated to donor transfusion will be considered for intraoperative transfusion in accordance with clinical judgement, guided by local hospital policy. Donor blood transfusion may also be given post-operatively in accordance with usual clinical care. Donor blood will only be given (in standard volumes) when deemed necessary (e.g. after substantial blood loss and/or drop in haemoglobin).

Trial treatment is confined to the intra-operative period only.

All participants will be followed up at 30 days post-operatively, by telephone, for adverse events reporting and 6 weeks and 3 months post-operatively by post. In addition, participants recruited in the early part of the study will be followed up by post at subsequent three month intervals (at 6 and 9 months) as time allows.

Intervention type



Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Feasibility outcomes:
1. Recruitment rate is recorded as the number of eligible participants who consent to participate in the study by 12 months
2. Feasibility of randomisation immediately pre-operatively is recorded by the time interval between randomisation and beginning of surgery
3. Attrition rate is recorded as the number of participants who consent to participate that remain in the study until the end of follow up at three months
4. Completeness of proposed outcome measures will be recorded as the number of complete specific data fields within CRFs and patient questionnaire booklets received at end of follow up at three months, out of the expected total number of CRFs and booklets
5. Success of blinding of allocation for participants and outcome assessor will be recorded by the number of participants and assessors who are inadvertently made aware of their treatment allocation during the trial period
6. Success of data collection tools and methods to collect resource use data will be recorded as the proportion of completed resource use data fields available at end of follow-up
7. Acceptability of the intervention to participants will be assessed by qualitative interviews
8. Acceptability of study participation to participants will be assessed by qualitative interviews

Secondary outcome measures

No secondary outcome measures

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

1. 18 years old or over
2. Suspected or confirmed ovarian cancer (newly diagnosed) requiring cytoreductive surgery, whether primary or interval (following chemotherapy)
3. CT scan evidence (with or without clinical evidence) compatible with FIGO stage III/IV ovarian cancer/ primary peritoneal cancer at presentation*
4. ECOG Performance Status 0-1
5. Willing to participate and able to give written informed consent

*CT features of pelvic mass (or features suggestive of primary peritoneal cancer) and extrapelvic involvement including ascites, omental disease, peritoneal thickening, bowel surface and/or mesentery involvement, enlarged pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes, evidence of disease on diaphragm

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants

Planned Sample Size: 60; UK Sample Size: 60

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Diagnosis of concurrent malignancy
2. Pregnant
3. Donor transfusion during the week prior to surgery
4. Haemoglobinopathies (e.g. sickle cell, thalassaemia)
5. Unwilling to accept donor blood (e.g. on religious grounds)

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Royal Cornwall Hospital
2 Penventinnie Lane Treliske
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Derriford Hospital
Derriford Road
United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Queen Elizabeth Avenue Sheriff Hill
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust

Sponsor details

Development & Innovation Manager
Knowledge Spa
Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust
United Kingdom

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre



Funder type


Funder name

National Institute for Health Research

Alternative name(s)


Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

National government


United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

The study team will prepare a plain English summary of the study results which will be made available to study participants as soon as possible after the end of the study (June 2018). The final results of the study will be disseminated via presentations at appropriate scientific meetings and conferences and publication in appropriate peer-reviewed journals. Indicative publication date end 2018.

IPD Sharing plan:
The current data sharing plans for the current study are unknown and will be made available at a later date.

Intention to publish date


Participant level data

To be made available at a later date

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

2018 protocol in (added 01/11/2019)

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

01/11/2019: Publication reference added. 19/04/2018: The recruitment start date was changed from 01/11/2016 to 17/01/2017. 12/02/2018: The recruitment end date was changed from 31/01/2018 to 28/02/2018. 02/11/2017: The recruitment end date was changed from 31/10/2017 to 31/01/2018. 06/06/2017: Cancer Help UK lay summary link added to plain English summary field