Condition category
Injury, Occupational Diseases, Poisoning
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) occur as a result of various factors which occur with higher frequency and intensity in the diabetic population. This causes a broken area in the foot that is unable to heal due to uncontrolled blood sugar levels. DFU lesions are responsible for more hospitalisations than any other complication of diabetes. Diabetes is the leading cause of non-traumatic lower extremity amputations in the United States, with approximately 5% of diabetics developing foot ulcers each year and 1% requiring amputation. The management of diabetic foot ulcers requires offloading the wound by using appropriate therapeutic footwear, daily saline (cleaning) or similar dressings to provide a moist wound environment, debridement (removal) when necessary, antibiotic therapy, and controlling blood sugar.
Approximately 70% of DFUs are shown to heal with good standard of care, however, at least 30% become chronic wounds. These non-healing wounds are at greater risk for infection and lower extremity amputation. Consequently, more therapy is considered for patients with chronic DFUs to improve patient outcomes, lower treatment costs and reduce the risk of complications. There has been an increase in clinical trials evaluating the use of skin and tissue substitutes, including bioengineered skin, autografts (skin or tissue taken from the individual and put in another place), allografts (skin or tissue taken from another person) and xenografts on DFUs. These clinical studies have demonstrated improved healing rates and are fewer amputations of limbs. Additionally, retrospective studies and case reports have found that the application of microvascular (a minimally manipulated microvascular human tissue product) flaps and free tissue transfer to chronic and diabetic wounds result in enhanced patient outcomes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of human mirovascular tissue in treating DFU.

Who can participate?
Adults aged 18 and older with chronic DFU.

What does the study involve?
Participants are randomly allocated to one of two groups. Those in the first group receive the standard level of care. Those in the second group receive the standard level of care as well as microvascular tissue on their wound. Participants are treated for 12 weeks. Participants undergo imaging and biopsies (samples taken) at baseline, six and 12 weeks to assess their healing.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Participants may benefit from having their chronic DFU healed. There are no direct risks with participation.

Where is the study run from?
This study is being run by Microvascular Tissues, Inc. (USA) and takes place in Foot and Ankle Associates of Southwest Virginia (USA).

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
April 2017 to December 2020

Who is funding the study?
Microvascular Tissues, Inc. (USA)

Who is the main contact?
Mrs Lael Pickett

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Mrs Lael Pickett


Contact details

Microvascular Tissues
6199 Cornerstone Court
Suite 109
San Diego
United States of America
+1 858 522 0633

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number

VMV-DFU-01, Version 1.1

Study information

Scientific title

A multi-center randomised controlled clinical trial evaluation the effect of allogenic microvascular tissue in the treatment of wagner one and two diabetic foot ulcers


Study hypothesis

The primary study hypothesis is that the proportion of wounds healed at 12 weeks, after up to 12 weeks of mVASC and SOC or SOC alone, will be equal for Groups 1 and 2. Formally, H0: I1–I2 = 0; HA: I1–I2 = D1≠0, where I1 is the proportion of wounds healed in Group 1, I2 is same metric for Group 2, D1 is the difference (I1–I2); assuming the alternative hypothesis and statistical test used is chi square/Fisher exact test.

Ethics approval

Western IRB (WIRB), 08/31/2017, ref: 20171089

Study design

Interventional randomised controlled trial

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

GP practices

Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Wagner 1 and 2 diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs)


Randomisation is performed using envelopes that have be prepared prior to the randomisation visits.

Group 1: Standard of Care (SOC)
Group 2: SOC + mVASC. mVASC is a minimally manipulated microvascular human tissue product.

Study subjects are treated weekly for up to 12 weeks. Subjects receiving mVASC receive a quantity of mVASC appropriate to the size of their ulcer.

A subject of subjects undergo LUNA imaging and biopsy at selected time points (baseline, six and 12 weeks). All subjects undergo wound imaging.

Intervention type



Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Percentage of index ulcers healed is measured using photographs of the index ulcer at baseline and 12 weeks.

Secondary outcome measures

1. Percentage of index ulcers is measured using photographs at baseline and at 6 weeks
2. Time to heal is measured using photographs at 6 and 12 weeks
3. Percent Area Reduction (PAR) measured using photographs at 6 and 12 weeks
4. Changes in peripheral neuropathy appendage area is measured using a probe and photographs at baseline and at 12 weeks
5. Changes in wound quality of life (per W-QoL) is measured using the validated W-QofL instrument at baseline and at 12 weeks
6. Change in pain levels during trial is measured using a visual analog scale (VAS) at baseline and at 12 weeks
7. Difference in cellulitis and/or infection is measured using a visual scoring system at baseline and at 12 weeks

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

1. At least 18 years old
2. Presence of a DFU, Wagner 1 or 2 grade, extending at least through the dermis or subcutaneous tissue and may involve the tendon, muscle, or bone, on any aspect of the foot, provided it is below the medial aspect of the malleolus
3. The index ulcer will be the largest ulcer if two or more DFUs are present with the same Wagner grade and will be the only one evaluated in the study. If other ulcerations are present on the same foot they must be more than 2 cm distant from the index ulcer
4. Index ulcer (i.e. current episode of ulceration) has been present for greater than four weeks prior to the initial screening visit and less than 1-year, as of the date subject consents for study
5. Index ulcer is a minimum of 0.75 cm2 and a maximum of 25 cm2 at first screening visit (SV1) and first treatment visit (TV1)
6. Adequate circulation to the affected foot as documented by a dorsal transcutaneous oxygen measurement (TCOM) or a skin perfusion pressure (SPP) measurement of ≥ 30 mmHg, or an Ankle Branchial Index (ABI) between 0.7 and 1.3 within 3 months of SV1, using the affected study extremity. As an alternative arterial Doppler ultrasound can be performed evaluating for biphasic dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial vessels at the level of the ankle or a Toe Brachial Index (TBI) of > 0.6 is acceptable
7. The index ulcer has been offloaded for at least 14 days prior to randomization
8. Females of childbearing potential must be willing to use acceptable methods of contraception (birth control pills, barriers or abstinence) during the course of the study and undergo pregnancy tests
9. Subject understands and is willing to participate in the clinical study and can comply with weekly visits

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. Index ulcer(s) deemed by the investigator to be caused by a medical condition other than diabetes
2. Index ulcer, in the opinion of the investigator, is suspicious for cancer and should undergo an ulcer biopsy to rule out a carcinoma of the ulcer
3. Subjects with a history of more than 2 weeks treatment with immune-suppressants (including systemic corticosteroids >10mg daily dose), cytotoxic chemotherapy or application of topical steroids to the ulcer surface within one month prior to SV1, or who receive such medications during the screening period, or who are anticipated to require such medications during the course of the study
4. Subjects taking a selective COX-2 inhibitor (e.g., celexocib) for any condition
5. Subjects on any investigational drug(s) or therapeutic device(s) within 30 days preceding SV1
6. History of radiation at the ulcer site (regardless of time since last radiation treatment)
7. Index ulcer has been previously treated or will need to be treated with any prohibited therapies. (See Section 7.3 of this protocol for a list of prohibited medications and therapies)
8. Presence of any condition(s) which seriously compromises the subject’s ability to complete this study or has a known history of poor adherence with medical treatment
9. Osteomyelitis or bone infection of the affected foot near the site of the wound as verified by X-ray within 30 days prior to randomization. (In the event of an ambiguous diagnosis, the Principal Investigator will make the final decision)
10. Subject is pregnant or breast-feeding
11. Presence of diabetes with poor metabolic control as documented with an HbA1c > 12.0 within 90 days of randomization
12. Subjects with end stage renal disease as evidenced by a serum creatinine ≥ 3.0 mg/dL within 120 days of randomization
13. Index ulcer has reduced in area by 20% or more after 14 days of SOC from SV1 to the TV1/randomization visit

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United States of America

Trial participating centre

Foot and Ankle Associates of Southwest Virginia
1 Dudley Street VA
United States of America

Trial participating centre

Foot and Ankle Associates of Southwest Virginia
222 Walnut Avenue VA
United States of America

Sponsor information


Microvascular Tissues, Inc.

Sponsor details

6199 Cornerstone Court
Suite 109
San Deigo
United States of America
+1 858 522 0633

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name

Microvascular Tissues, Inc.

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Planned publication in a high-impact peer review journal.

IPD sharing statement:
The participant level data will be stored in the study database. Since this is a large study (approximately 100 subjects), the participant level data will be provided as demographic information and sub-analyses provided. Individual clinical sites may choose to publish participant level for their sites.

Intention to publish date


Participant level data

Stored in repository

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

12/03/2020: The following changes were made to the trial record: 1. The recruitment end date changed from 31/03/2019 to 31/08/2020. 2. The overall trial end date changed from 31/03/2019 to 31/12/2020. 3. The intention to publish date updated from 31/03/2020 to 31/03/2021. 4. The plain English summary has been updated to reflect the changes above. 18/09/2018: the following changes were made to the trial record: 1. The recruitment end date changed from 01/07/2018 to 31/03/2019 2. The overall trial end date changed from 01/02/2019 to 31/03/2019 3. The intention to publish date updated from 01/02/2020 to 31/03/2020 12/03/2018: the following changes were made: 1. Recruitment end date was changed from 09/01/2018 to 01/07/2018. 2. Overall trial end date was changed from 03/12/2018 to 01/02/2019. 3. Intention to publish date was changed from 17/10/2018 to 01/02/2020.