Plain English Summary
Background and study aims
Many people who abuse drugs also experience depression. However, most available treatments approach these problems separately. And although both problems are common, few people seek treatment. Because of a shortage of quality specialized care, there is a gap between these serious problems and available health services. In some countries, health care providers are looking to new information technologies in their search for more efficient treatments that can serve more people at less cost. There is much evidence that online interventions are effective in the treatment of psychological problems. In Mexico, there are few treatment options for drug abusers, and there are no interventions that treat drug abuse and depression as related problems. The aim of this study is to evaluate the Online Help Program for Drug Abuse and Depression (OHPDAD) which addresses the two problems together and to see whether OHPDDA reduces drug consumption in adult patients who seek help in treatment centers, in comparison with the usual treatment and in comparison with the usual treatment plus printed guide.
Who can participate?
Adult women and men who rank high on substance abuse detection tests, have access to the internet, have not received substance abuse treatment in the past 12 months and seek help in the treatment centers selected for the study
What does the study involve?
The process begins with an introduction to the study for all patients seeking treatment at participating centers. Eligible participants are randomly allocated to one of three groups:
Group 1 OHPDAD (Online Help Program for Drug Abuse and Depression) online treatment and counsellor.
Group 2 BI-ASSIST+Treatment As Usual - A brief behavioral intervention developed by the World Health Organization (WHO), which includes a face to face session with an addiction therapist to improve motivation and to show how to use the ASSIST Guide to Self-Help Strategies which has techniques for reducing or eliminating drug use.
Group 3 Treatment As Usual - treatment ordinarily offered to patients in the participating Treatment Centers.
Participants must complete three evaluation interviews: before the beginning of the treatment, eight weeks after the initial evaluation, one month after the final evaluation.
What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
The risks and benefits are similar to those of any psychological treatment for substance abuse: there may or may not be an improvement in drug use or mental health. If there are no improvements, we will suggest a different type of treatment that will respond better to the participants needs and his/her participation in the study will end there. There is no cost for participation. The information obtained from participants may help to improve treatment for others in the future. As compensation for the time and effort contributed to the study, participants will receive a department store gift card after the completion of each of the three evaluation interviews.
Where is the study run from?
The study is conducted at two treatment centers: Centro de Prevención de las Adicciones Dr. Héctor Ayala Velázquez, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City and Instituto Mexiquense contra las Adicciones (Anti-Addiction Institute in the State of Mexico), with three satellites (Centro de Atención Primaria a las Adicciones (CAPA) Estado de México, Centro de Atención Primaria a las Adicciones (CAPA) Pirules, Centro de Atención Primaria a las Adicciones (CAPA) Manantiales Estado de México)
When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
The study started in April 2013 and will end in June 2014, with a 10-month recruitment period.
Who is funding the study?
United States Department of State.
Who is the main contact?
Dr Marcela Tiburcio
REC-INPRF-002, Clinical Trial Network, National Institute of Psychiatry EP12 4229.0, Department of Epidemiological and Psychosocial Research
Comparison of three methods of delivering cognitive behavioral brief interventions for substance abuse and depression in Mexico: a pilot controlled trial
OHPDAD (Online Help Program for Drug Abuse and Depression)
Participants receiving online treatment will show a greater reduction in drug consumption than those who receive treatment as usual or those who receive the ASSIST Brief Intervention plus treatment as usual.
The Institutional Review Board of the Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente (Ramón de la Fuente National Institute of Psychiatry), 15/04/2013, ref: CEI/C/004/2013
Randomized three-arm multisite controlled pilot trial
Primary study design
Secondary study design
Randomised controlled trial
Patient information sheet
Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet
Use of psychoactive substances (except alcohol, tobacco and opiates) and depressive symptomatology
Participants will be randomly assigned to one of following three groups:
1. OHPDAD. The Online Help Program for Drug Abuse and Depression (OHPDAD) is an alternative internet treatment program for those persons who wish to reduce their use of drugs and who present depressive symptomatology. The structural design of the OHPDAD is based on the transtheoretical model of change and incorporates elements of the cognitive-behavioral psychotherapeutic approach, including self-control techniques, functional analysis of drug use, exercises for the identification of risk situations, and plans for confronting those situations. In addition, it includes cognitive-behavioral strategies to identify and transform negative thoughts that are associated with depressive symptomatology. It includes online applications that allow the user to keep a daily register of drug use, establish a goal, and various exercises to help reach it. Completing the entire program requires approximately 8 weeks. There is online follow-up by a counselor from the treatment center.
2. BI-ASSIST + Treatment As Usual. These participants receive the ordinary treatment provided by the treatment center, plus the ASSIST Brief Intervention (WHO, 2011). The latter modality includes an in-person session and use of the ASSIST Guide to Self-Help Strategies (WHO, 2011b), which provides various exercises that help the user to reduce drug use or arrive at abstinence, including maintenance of a daily registry of drug use, establishment of goals, and others. The exercises provided can be completed in approximately 2 weeks, at which time participants will receive treatment as usual.
3. Treatment As Usual. These participants will receive the treatment ordinarily offered at the participating treatment centers.
Participants must complete three evaluations:
1. Initial, before beginning treatment
2. Final, 8 weeks after the initial evaluation
3. Follow-up, 1 month after the final evaluation
Primary outcome measures
1. Number of days of substance use, assessed with the Timeline follow back at baseline, 8 weeks later, and follow-up
2. Severity of substance use measured with the Drug Abuse Screening Test-20 (DAST-20) (0 = N/A, 1-5 = low, 6-10 = intermediate, 11-15 = substantial, 16-20 = severe) at baseline, 8 weeks later, and follow-up
3. Depressive symptoms with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) (0-9 = mild, 10-14 = moderate, 15-19 = severe, 20-27 = major depression) at baseline, 8 weeks later, and follow-up
Secondary outcome measures
1. Readiness to change measured with the Readiness to Change Questionnaire (RCQ), at baseline, 8 weeks after starting treatment, and at follow-up
2. Consequences of substance use and thoughts associated with substance use through self-report check list at baseline, 8 weeks later, and follow-up
Overall trial start date
Overall trial end date
Participant inclusion criteria
1. Man or woman 17 years of age or older
2. Consumer of psychoactive substances: marijuana, inhalants, cocaine, sedatives and other drugs (except alcohol, tobacco and opiates)
3. Can read and write
4. Risk score on the ASSIST substance abuse detection test ranging from low (0-3) to moderate (4-27)
5. Regular internet user
6. Has not had substance abuse treatment in the previous 12 months
7. Seeking treatment in the participating treatment centers
Target number of participants
Participant exclusion criteria
1. Younger than 17 years of age
2. User principally of alcohol, tobacco or opiates
3. Present a risk of high level of drug abuse
4. Present suicide attempt or suicidal ideation in the previous 3 months
5. Lack basic ability to use the internet
Recruitment start date
Recruitment end date
Countries of recruitment
Trial participating centre
Calz. Mexico-Xochimilco 101
U.S. Department of State (USA)
Navy Hill South
2430 E St. NW
United States of America
U.S. Department of State (Grant No. SINLEC11GR0015)
United States Department of State, Department of State, DOS
Funding Body Type
Funding Body Subtype
United States of America
Results and Publications
Publication and dissemination plan
Not provided at time of registration
Intention to publish date
Participant level data
Not provided at time of registration
Results - basic reporting
2016 results in: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27687965