Condition category
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Stephen Tricklebank


Contact details

Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Anaesthetic Department
St Thomas' Hospital
Westminster Bridge Road
United Kingdom
+44 20 7188 8768

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

Volume expansion using a balanced gelatin solution in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery


Study hypothesis

Null hypothesis: There is no difference in postoperative chloride levels between patients resuscitated with a balanced gelatin solution or a conventional non-balanced gelatin solution.

Ethics approval

Awaiting approval by the Guy's and St Thomas' Research Ethics Committee as of 15/07/2008.

Study design

Prospective, randomised, double-blind study

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Volume expansion during major abdominal surgery


Patients will be managed perioperatively according to the enhanced recovery protocol, which is well established and constitutes routine practice for all patients undergoing major abdominal surgery at St Thomas' Hospital. Monitoring will be standard plus oesophageal Doppler in all cases. An arterial line will be sited in all patients, usually following induction of anaesthesia. A central venous line will be sited as clinically indicated, usually following induction of anaesthesia. A thoracic epidural will be sited at a level appropriate to the site of surgery. Anaesthesia will be induced as deemed appropriate by the anaesthetist, and maintained with volatile or propofol. Epidural or remifentanil infusions will be used as deemed appropriate by the anaesthetist. This does not deviate from standard practice in our centre.

Colloid will be used intraoperatively to optimise stroke volume, as guided by parameters obtained by oesophageal Doppler.

Patients randomised to the balanced gelatin group will receive Geloplasma® (Fresenius) to optimise stroke volume. Patients randomised to the non-balanced group will receive Gelofusine® (B. Braun Medical Ltd) to optimise stroke volume. In both groups the colloid will be given as a discrete 250 ml bolus, and the change in stroke volume observed. If stroke volume shows a >=10% rise, the bolus will be repeated until no further rise (>=10%) is observed. No further bolus will be given unless stroke volume falls.

Vasoconstrictors will be given if hypotension persists after optimisation of stroke volume. Inotropes will be considered if peak velocity is low and the clinical picture is suggestive of poor ventricular function. In both groups, additional crystalloid solution will be given to replace insensible loss, or as a solvent for drugs. Blood and clotting products will be given as deemed appropriate by the anaesthetist. Patient temperature will be closely monitored and maintained using a fluid warmer and hot air blanket in all cases. The appropriate colloid will be given in recovery as volume expander as deemed appropriate by the anaesthetist.

Arterial blood samples will be obtained from the arterial cannula after induction of anaesthesia (immediately after insertion, before any colloid is given), at the end of surgery before cessation of controlled ventilation, on arrival in recovery, and after 2 hours in recovery. Presence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (and requirement for rescue antiemetics) will be recorded. Volume of colloid given during surgery will be recorded. Urinary sodium will be measured on insertion of the urinary catheter and after 2 hours in recovery.

Total duration of treatment and follow-up will be for the duration of the operation and for 2 hours in recovery.

Intervention type



Not Specified

Drug names

Gelofusine®, Geloplasma®

Primary outcome measures

The following will be monitored during the surgery and two hours in recovery:
1. Postoperative chloride level
2. Postoperative base excess

Secondary outcome measures

The following will be recorded for the duration of surgery, and two hours in recovery:
1. Postoperative pH
2. Volume of colloid given
3. Postoperative renal function
4. Postoperative nausea and vomiting
5. Urinary Sodium
6. Urine output

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned

Lack of funding/sponsorship


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Both males and females
2. 18 years or over
3. Patients undergoing major abdominal surgery in the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery programme at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, UK
4. American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) grade 1-3

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. Known hypersensitivity to Gelofusine® or Geloplasma®
2. Oliguric or anuric renal dysfunction requiring dialysis
3. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (EGFR) <60 ml/min
4. Myocardial infarction within the previous 3 weeks
5. Heart failure (>New York Hearth Association [NYHA] class 2)
6. Liver insufficiency (aspartate aminotransferase >40 U/L, alanine aminotransferase >40 U/L)
7. Absence of written, informed consent

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust (UK)

Sponsor details

R&D Department
3rd Floor Conybeare House
Great Maze Pond
United Kingdom
+44 20 7188 5736

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre



Funder type

Hospital/treatment centre

Funder name

Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, Department of Anaesthesia (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

09/05/2016: This study never took place due to insufficient funding, and has been marked as stopped. 06/05/2016: No publications found, verifying study status with principal investigator.