Condition category
Circulatory System
Date applied
29/09/2006
Date assigned
29/09/2006
Last edited
28/09/2011
Prospective/Retrospective
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Mr Peter John Kirkpatrick

ORCID ID

Contact details

Box 167
Department of Neurosurgery
Addenbrooke's Hospital
Hills Road
Cambridge
CB2 2QQ
United Kingdom
+44 01223 217214
pjk21@medschl.cam.ac.uk

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

N0544163605

Study information

Scientific title

Acronym

Study hypothesis

Can a short-term systemic treatment with erythropoietin, a red blood cell producing human hormone, prevent strokes caused by bleeding on the brain (subarachnoid haemorrhage)?

Ethics approval

Not provided at time of registration

Study design

Randomised controlled trial

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Not specified

Trial type

Treatment

Patient information sheet

Condition

Cardiovascular: Stroke

Intervention

Randomisation procedure:
Following informed consent patients will be randomised to receive either intravenous r-HuEPO 30,000IU or placebo (0.9% saline) 50ml/30min, three times in the first week after SAH (total dose 100,000IU). The number in each group will be 40. For blinding, the Pharmacy Manufacture Unit (PMU) will prepare and number identical vials containing either saline (0.9% NaCl) or r-HuEPO reconstituted in saline. The vials will be randomly assigned to patients upon enrollment with the contents of each vial known only by the PMU. Trial medication will be started as soon as possible within 72 hours of the ictus. As approximately 70% of aneurysms will be treated with open clipping, and the remainder with endovascular coils, we do not consider the method of treatment to represent a contaminating factor, but it will be included in the final analysis. Location, size, and morphology of the culprit aneurysm are not believed to affect outcome in our institution.

Following randomisation and start of trial therapy the clinical management of each patient will be as routine. Arterial blood pressure will be continuously monitored (Finapress, or via radial arterial line).

Safety:
The full blood cell count, reticulocyte count, blood viscosity, coagulation profile, serum biochemistry, serum iron levels, and C-reactive protein (CRP) at the time of admission will be checked as baseline data and repeated alternate days for the duration of the trial drug administration. Although r-HuEPO has effects of erythropoiesis and thrombopoiesis, associated deterioration or adverse events have not been observed in short-term treatment However, in the face of any abnormalities the trial drug will be stopped and the safety committee informed. A safety committee (chaired by Dr Ken Smith, Consultant nephrologist) will review the safety data at monthly intervals or, if concerns arise, on a patient-by-patient basis.

Trial patients will be examined daily with TCD (DWL, Germany) using a 2-MHz probe mounted on a purposed head frame for two weeks since SAH ictus. The systolic, diastolic, and mean FV will be recorded (trans-temporal) by a single user (MT). Vasospasm will be defined as mean FV > 120 cm/sec and Lindegaard ratio >3. The regression index (Mx) between mean FV and spontaneous changes in ABP will be calculated. Two carotid compressions lasting 5 seconds will be performed. The criteria for an acceptable THRT includes a sudden decrease in middle cerebral artery FV at the onset of compression, a stable TCD signal during compression, and a minimum of 30% decrease in FV with no blood pressure instability. The THRT ratio (THRR) is calculated using the formula: THRR = FVs (hyperaemia) / FVs(baseline), where FVs denotes systolic FV. THRR is classified as normal (=l.10) or impaired (<1.10), and will be repeated 2 minutes later. The average value of the two tests will be recorded. Quality issues concerning the THRT response have been extensively evaluated in this laboratory.

Intervention type

Drug

Phase

Phase II

Drug names

erythropoietin

Primary outcome measures

Vasospasm and abnormal cerebral autoregulation shown on transcranial Doppler.
Trial patients will be examined daily with TCD (DWL, Germany) using a 2-MHz probe mounted on a purposed head frame for two weeks since SAH ictus. The systolic, diastolic, and mean FV will be recorded (trans-temporal) by a single user (MT). Vasospasm will be defined as mean FV > 120 cm/sec and Lindegaard ratio >3. The regression index (Mx) between mean FV and spontaneous changes in ABP will be calculated. Two carotid compressions lasting 5 seconds will be performed. The criteria for an acceptable THRT includes a sudden decrease in middle cerebral artery FV at the onset of compression, a stable TCD signal during compression, and a minimum of 30% decrease in FV with no blood pressure instability. The THRT ratio (THRR) is calculated using the formula: THRR = FVs (hyperaemia) / FVs(baseline), where FVs denotes systolic FV. THRR is classified as normal (=l.10) or impaired (<1.10), and will be repeated 2 minutes later. The average value of the two tests will be recorded. Quality issues concerning the THRT response have been extensively evaluated in this laboratory.

Secondary outcome measures

Development of DID. The clinical progress of each patient will be monitored daily. The development of a focal neurological deficit and/or a drop in the GCS by 2 points or more will be the criteria adopted to define an episode of DID [Pickard 1989]. Clinical and radiological outcomes will be assessed at the time of discharge. Durations of hospitalisation and NCCU stay will be observed.

Overall trial start date

01/01/2005

Overall trial end date

30/04/2006

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

Patients >= 18 years old with suspected aneurysmal SAH admitted to the Addenbrooke's Neurosurgical Department will be approached.

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Adult

Gender

Not Specified

Target number of participants

80

Participant exclusion criteria

Uncontrolled systemic hypertension (systolic blood pressure >220 mmHg), time after SAH ictus has been 7 days, traumatic or angiography-negative SAH. Patients over 65 years will have carotid duplex examinations to exclude those with significant carotid atheroma.

Recruitment start date

01/01/2005

Recruitment end date

30/04/2006

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Box 167, Department of Neurosurgery, Addenbrooke's Hospital
Cambridge
CB2 2QQ
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

Record Provided by the NHSTCT Register - 2006 Update - Department of Health

Sponsor details

The Department of Health
Richmond House
79 Whitehall
London
SW1A 2NL
United Kingdom
+44 (0)20 7307 2622
dhmail@doh.gsi.org.uk

Sponsor type

Government

Website

http://www.dh.gov.uk/Home/fs/en

Funders

Funder type

Government

Funder name

Cambridge Consortium - Addenbrooke's (UK) NHS R&D Support Funding

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

2009 results in http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19344224

Publication citations

  1. Results

    Tseng MY, Hutchinson PJ, Richards HK, Czosnyka M, Pickard JD, Erber WN, Brown S, Kirkpatrick PJ, Acute systemic erythropoietin therapy to reduce delayed ischemic deficits following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a Phase II randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Clinical article., J. Neurosurg., 2009, 111, 1, 171-180, doi: 10.3171/2009.3.JNS081332.

Additional files

Editorial Notes