Condition category
Nutritional, Metabolic, Endocrine
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
The aim of this study is to test a school-based, family-involved scheme to promote health behaviours that help to prevent obesity in children aged 10-12 years old across Europe. The scheme, called Up4fun, aims to reduce sitting time in school and at home (with special emphasis on TV and PC/electronic games)

Who can participate?
10-12 year old children at selected schools.

What does the study involve?
Participating schools will be randomly allocated to either the intervention group or the control group. The control group schools were asked to continue with their usual school curriculum. The intervention group schools took part in the Up4fun scheme for 6 weeks in the fall semester of 2011.
The teachers involved will be given training and are requested to spend one school hour (45 minutes) to teach a pre-planned lesson each week for 5 weeks. Weekly newsletters (6 in total) for the parents and pre-planned homework for the children will be handed out by the teacher. The parents will be fully informed about the contents and the aims of the study and will be asked for consent for the participation of their child. The pupils will complete questionnaires about their sedentary (sitting) behaviours, physical activity and dietary habits. Additionally, some of the children’s physical activity levels will be measured using accelerometers. The parents will also complete a questionnaire about their own and their child’s nutritional and physical activity.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
The scheme may help to reduce the prevalence of obesity and improve public health. No risks are involved, but the questionnaires take time and might be boring to fill out, a few questions might be uncomfortable for some to answer.

Where is the study run from?
The study is run from centres in Belgium, Germany, Greece, Hungary and Norway. The lead centre is University of Agder, Norway. The project leader is based in VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
From September 2011 to run for 6 weeks.

Who is funding the study?
The European Commission.

Who is the main contact?
Amika Singh

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Prof Johannes Brug


Contact details

VU University Medical Center Amsterdam
Van der Boechorststraat 7
1081 BT

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

European ENERGY balance research to prevent excessive weight gain among youth: WP9 evaluating the evidence-based intervention promoting healthy energy balance among 10-12 year olds



Study hypothesis

Conduct a process and outcome evaluation of the Up4fun intervention.

Ethics approval

Belgium: Ghent University Hospital, 30/11/2009, ref. EC UZG 2009/545
Germany: State Medical Chamber of Baden-Württemberg
Greece: Harokopio University Bioethics Committee
Hungary: Scientific and Ethics Committee of Health Sciences Council, 28 May 2010, ref: 4979-0/2010-1018 EKU, valid until 31/01/2012
Norway: Regional Committees for Medical and Health Research Ethics, 5 July 2011, ref: 2011/919b, valid until 30/06/2012

Study design

Multicenter randomized intervention study

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Prevention of excessive weight gain by reducing sedentary behaviour


The intervention, including about 10 schools (5 intervention schools and 5 control schools) in each of the 5 participating countries primarily aiming at reducing sitting time in school and at home (with special emphasis on television and personal computer (PC)/electronic games), will last for 6 weeks in the fall semester of 2011 in the intervention schools. The teachers involved will be given training (1.5 hours) as week 0 of the intervention, and completed materials to be used are provided by project workers. During the project period teachers are requested to spend one school hour (45 minutes) to teach a pre-planned lesson each week for 5 weeks. Weekly newsletters (6 in total) for the parents and pre-planned homework for the children will be handed out by the teacher.

Intervention type



Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Screen time behaviours (TV/DVD watching and computer/games consol usage) measured with frequency questions (hours/day). Measured pre and post intervention.

Secondary outcome measures

1. Determinants of screen time behaviours measured pre and post intervention
2. Sedentary time and breaking up of sedentary time measured with accelerometers measured pre and post intervention

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned


Participant inclusion criteria

All school children in two grade levels (age 10-12) in the included schools, and one of their parents

Participant type

Healthy volunteer

Age group




Target number of participants

2500 pupils and parents

Participant exclusion criteria

No parental consent

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

Belgium, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Norway

Trial participating centre

VU University Medical Center Amsterdam
1081 BT

Sponsor information


European Commission (Belgium)

Sponsor details

Research Directorate-General

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name

Seventh Framework Programme

Alternative name(s)

European Union Seventh Framework Programme, EU Seventh Framework Programme, European Commission Seventh Framework Programme, EC Seventh Framework Programme, FP7

Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Federal/National Government



Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

2014 results in:
2015 results in:
2015 results in:

Publication citations

  1. Results

    Van Lippevelde W, Bere E, Verloigne M, van Stralen MM, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Lien N, Vik FN, Manios Y, Grillenberger M, Kovács E, ChinAPaw MJ, Brug J, Maes L, The role of family-related factors in the effects of the UP4FUN school-based family-focused intervention targeting screen time in 10- to 12-year-old children: the ENERGY project., BMC Public Health, 2014, 14, 1, 857, doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-857.

  2. Results

    Vik FN, Lien N, Berntsen S, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Grillenberger M, Manios Y, Kovacs E, Chinapaw MJ, Brug J, Bere E, Evaluation of the UP4FUN Intervention: A Cluster Randomized Trial to Reduce and Break Up Sitting Time in European 10-12-Year-Old Children, PLoS One, 2015, 10, 3, e0122612, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122612.

  3. Results

    Bjelland M, Soenens B, Bere E, Kovács É, Lien N, Maes L, Manios Y, Moschonis G, te Velde SJ, Associations between parental rules, style of communication and children's screen time, BMC Public Health, 2015, 15, 1002, doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2337-6.

Additional files

Editorial Notes

16/05/2016: publication reference added.