Condition category
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Date applied
26/09/2014
Date assigned
26/09/2014
Last edited
18/08/2017
Prospective/Retrospective
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Ongoing
Recruitment status
Recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Rheumatoid arthritis is a long-term condition causing pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. The main aim of this study is to find out how much of the drug seliciclib can be given to patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) who have active RA despite treatment with anti-TNF monotherapy.

Who can participate?
Adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis

What does the study involve?
In stage 1, patients are grouped into seven groups of three patients each. They receive 200mg, 400mg, 600mg, 800mg or 1000mg seliciclib once daily for 4 consecutive days every week for 4 cycles. This determines the highest dose of seliciclib for stage 2. In stage 2, 18 participants receive seliciclib at the dose found in stage 1 for 12 cycles. Blood samples are taken during the study and in stage 2 small biopsies (samples) are taken from the lining of one of the joints (synovial biopsy) and participants may have an optional PET-CT (positron emission tomography-computerized tomography) scan.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
There may be no direct benefit to participants taking part in this study although it is possible that their arthritis symptoms will improve. If seliciclib is found to be an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis this may result in an alternative treatment that helps people with rheumatoid arthritis who have not experienced benefit from the currently available drugs. Seliciclib has previously been successfully tested on patients with certain types of cancer, but this is the first time this drug has been used in rheumatoid arthritis. All drugs can have side effects. The most commonly occurring side-effects encountered by patients taking seliciclib in cancer studies were fatigue (tiredness) and nausea (feeling sick), in the great majority of cases the symptoms experienced were not considered severe. Possible side-effects are monitored by the study doctors and, where possible, treatment is given to relieve symptoms. It is not known whether patients with rheumatoid arthritis taking seliciclib will encounter the same side-effects as those with cancer. Taking blood samples may cause some discomfort and minor pain, and occasionally patients feel faint during or after the procedure. Sometimes patients have some bruising where the blood has been taken. Trained members of staff perform these procedures and every effort is made to prevent these problems. A local anaesthetic is used to numb the skin and joint to minimise any discomfort during the biopsy. The doctor uses ultrasound to guide them to the part of the joint to take samples from, to minimise the chance of complications. There may be some mild bruising after the procedure. As the local anaesthetic wears off after the procedure, up to one third of patients experience mild, temporary pain or discomfort which usually disappears within 24 hours. Very rarely (with a risk of less than 1 in 500) more significant complications may occur, such as an infection of the joint or skin, bleeding into the joint, deep vein thrombosis (blood clot), neurological (nerve) damage or thrombophlebitis (inflammation of a superficial vein). The procedure may leave a small (2-3 mm or 1/8 inch) scar. PET-CT scans involve the use of x-rays and gamma rays which are forms of radiation. Exposure to radiation is associated with increasing the risk of subsequent cancer. Everyone is exposed to natural or background radiation and everyone is at risk of developing cancer at some point. The overall risk of any of us developing cancer is about 1 in 3, and the additional risk for the PET-CT scan is considered to be very small. The benefits of the increased information from the test is thought to justify the use of radiation for this purpose. The dose of radiation that a participant would be exposed to is still well within the acceptable safety limits for radiation exposure.

Where is the study run from?
The study will run at Newcastle, Birmingham, Glasgow, Middlesbrough and London (UK)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
October 2014 to June 2017

Who is funding the study?
Medical Research Council (MRC) (UK)

Who is the main contact?
Dr Miranda Morton
miranda.morton@newcastle.ac.uk

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Dr Miranda Morton

ORCID ID

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3362-9302

Contact details

Newcastle Clinical Trials Unit
Newcastle University
1-4 Claremont Terrace
Newcastle Upon Tyne
NE2 4AE
United Kingdom
-
miranda.morton@newcastle.ac.uk

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

2014-001339-35

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

17409

Study information

Scientific title

Targeting the RA synovial fibroblast via cyclin dependent kinase inhibition – an early phase trial (TRAFIC): a non-randomised trial

Acronym

TRAFIC

Study hypothesis

Repurposing study, using an oncology drug, Seliciclib, in rheumatoid arthritis in a two-part trial to determine maximum tolerated dose and then assess clinical response at 12 weeks.

Ethics approval

NRES Committee North East – Tyne and Wear South, 15/09/2014, ref: 14/NE/1075

Study design

Non-randomised; Interventional; Design type: Treatment

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Non randomised study

Trial setting

Hospitals

Trial type

Treatment

Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details to request a patient information sheet

Condition

Topic: Musculoskeletal disorders; Subtopic: Musculoskeletal (all Subtopics); Disease: Musculoskeletal

Intervention

Part 1: Participants will receive either 200mg, 400mg, 600mg, 800mg or 1000mg seliciclib once daily for 4 consecutive days every week for 4 weekly cycles*. Results from part 1 will determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of seliciclib for part 2.

Part 2: 18 participants will receive seliciclib (at the MTD determined in Part 1) for 12 cycles*

* one cycle equates to a week of treatment: a daily dose of seliciclib for four consecutive days followed by 3 days with no treatment.

Intervention type

Drug

Phase

Not Applicable

Drug names

Seliciclib

Primary outcome measures

Part 1:
1. Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLT) at baseline (BL), week 2, 3, 4 and 5
2. Adverse Events and Adverse Reactions (AE/AR) at BL week 2, 3, 4 and 5

Part 2:
1. EULAR and ACR20 response rates at screening, BL, week 2, 3, 4, 7, 10 and within 5 days of final dose
2. Macrophage number in the sub lining layer of synovium at BL and week 12
3. MRI (Rheumatoid Arthritis MRI Scoring System (RAMRIS)) at pre BL and week 12

Secondary outcome measures

Part 1:
1. Drug PK parameters and PD biomarkers in peripheral blood at BL and week 4

Part 2:
1. Drug PK parameters and PD biomarkers in peripheral blood at BL and week 12
2. PD biomarkers in synovial tissue at BL and week 12
3. Fatigue questionnaire at screening, BL, week 2, 3, 4, 7, 10 and within 5 days of final dose
4. Urinary metabolomics at screening, BL, week 2, 3, 4, 7, 10 and within 5 days of final dose
5. Rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-CP status at screening and within 5 days of final dose
6. Optional PET scan pre BL and within 10 days post week 12 visit

Overall trial start date

01/10/2014

Overall trial end date

31/01/2019

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

Current inclusion criteria as of 11/08/2017:
1. Rheumatoid arthritis fulfilling the 1987 ACR or 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria
2. Age 18 years and over
3. At least 6 months’ disease duration
4. ACR Functional Class I-III
5. DAS28 ≥3.2 (for Part 1 only)
6. DAS28 ≥4.0, with clinical synovitis in at least three joints, at least one of which is a joint amenable to ultrasound-guided synovial biopsy (knee, elbow, ankle, wrist, MCP or PIP joint) (for part 2 only)
7. Currently taking anti-TNF as part of standard clinical care, and have received anti-TNF therapy for at least 3 months upon entry to the study
8. Anti-TNF may be administered as either monotherapy or with background conventional DMARDs. Permitted background DMARDs are methotrexate, sulphasalazine and hydroxychloroquine, either alone or in combination, at stable dose(s) for ≥4 weeks prior to baseline visit
9. Stable dose of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) or corticosteroid (prednisolone≤7.5mg) for ≥4 weeks
10. No intramuscular glucocorticoid administration in the 4 week period prior to baseline visit
11. Willing and able to undergo MRI scanning on two occasions. (For Part 2 only)
12. Willing to undergo ultrasound guided synovial biopsy on two occasions (under local anaesthetic). (For part 2 only)

Previous inclusion criteria:
1. Rheumatoid arthritis fulfilling the 1987 ACR or 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria
2. Age 18 years or above
3. At least 6 months’ disease duration
4. ACR Functional Class IIII
5. DAS28 =4.0, with clinical synovitis in at least three joints, at least one of which is a joint amenable to ultrasound-guided synovial biopsy (knee, elbow, ankle, wrist, MCP or PIP joint). (For part 2 only).
6. Currently taking anti-TNF monotherapy as part of standard clinical care and have received anti-TNF therapy for at least 6 months upon entry to the study as per NICE guidelines.
7. Willing to undergo ultrasound guided synovial biopsy on two occasions (under local anaesthetic). (For part 2 only).
8. Stable dose of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) or corticosteroid (prednisolone=7.5mg) for =4 weeks.
9. No intramuscular glucocorticoid administration in the 6 week period prior to baseline visit.
10. Willing and able to undergo MRI scanning on two occasions (Part 2 only).

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Adult

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

Planned Sample Size: 39; UK Sample Size: 39

Participant exclusion criteria

Current exclusion criteria as of 11/08/2017:
1. If patients were previously taking leflunomide a minimum period of 20 days must have elapsed between the last dose of leflunomide and the first dose of IMP
2. Patients receiving warfarin or other anticoagulation likely to interfere with biopsy procedures (part 2 only)
3. Use of other investigational medicinal products within 30 days prior to trial entry (defined as date of recruitment into trial)
4. Serious or unstable co-morbidity deemed unsuitable by PI e.g. COPD, cardiac failure, other significant autoimmune disease
5. Patients must not drink more than 2 units of alcohol per day and no more than 10 units of alcohol per week during the trial and for a 4 week period after completion of the trial
6. Known active infection at screening visit or at baseline (except fungal nail infection)
7. Infection requiring hospitalization or IV antibiotics within 6 weeks prior to baseline
8. History of recurrent or chronic infection
9. Recent live vaccination (within 6 weeks of baseline)
10. Hb<10g/dL; neutrophils< 1.5 x109/L; platelets <100x109/L
11. Patients taking ketoconazole, voriconazole, erythromycin, clarithromycin.
12. ALT/AST/ALP>1.5x upper limit of normal
13. Glomerular filtration rate < 60ml/minute (Cockroft formula)
14. Major surgery within 8 weeks prior to baseline or planned within 3 months from baseline
15. Pregnancy, or women planning to become pregnant within the trial period, or women who are breastfeeding
16. Females or males of child bearing potential unwilling to use two forms of adequate contraception whilst taking the IMP and for one month afterwards

Previous exclusion criteria:
1. Patients currently taking, and planning to continue, methotrexate, other non-biologic DMARDs or biologic therapies other than anti-TNF therapy. For patients recently receiving non-biologic DMARD therapy at least 8 weeks must have elapsed following discontinuation of treatment prior to enrolment into the current study. If patients were previously taking leflunomide this must have been washed out with cholestyramine or activated charcoal according to leflunomide’s Summary of Product Characteristics
2. Patients receiving warfarin or other anticoagulation likely to interfere with biopsy procedures (part 2 only)
3. Previous participation in this trial (for Part 2 participants)
4. Use of other investigational medicinal products within 30 days prior to trial entry (defined as date of recruitment into trial)
5. Serious or unstable co-morbidity deemed unsuitable by PI e.g. COPD, cardiac failure, other significant auto-immune disease
6. Patient’s must not drink more than 2 units of alcohol per day and no more than 10 units of alcohol per week during the trial and for a 4 week period after completion of the trial
7. Known active infection at screening visit or at baseline (except fungal nail infection)
8. Infection requiring hospitalization or IV antibiotics within 6 weeks prior to baseline
9. History of recurrent or chronic infection
10. Recent live vaccination (within 6 weeks of baseline)
11. Hb<10g/dL; neutrophils< 1.5 x109/L; platelets <100x109/L
12. Patients taking ketoconazole, voriconazole, erythromycin, clarithromycin
13. ALT/AST/ALP>1.5x upper limit of normal
14. Glomerular filtration rate < 60ml/minute (Cockroft formula)
15. Major surgery within 8 weeks prior to baseline or planned within 3 months from baseline
16. Pregnancy, or women planning to become pregnant within the trial period, or women who are breastfeeding
17. Females or males of child-bearing potential unwilling to use two forms of adequate contraception whilst taking the IMP and for one month afterwards

Recruitment start date

01/10/2014

Recruitment end date

25/10/2018

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

The Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Freeman Hospital Freeman Road High Heaton
Newcastle Upon Tyne
NE7 7DN

Trial participating centre

University Hospital Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust
Queen Elizabeth Medical Centre Edgbaston
Birmingham
B15 2TH

Trial participating centre

NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
Glasgow Royal Infirmary Castle Street
Glasgow
G4 0SF

Trial participating centre

Barts Health NHS Trust
Mile End Hospital Bancroft Road
London
E1 4DG

Trial participating centre

South Tees Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
The James Cook University Hospital Marton Road
Middlesborough
TS4 3BW

Sponsor information

Organisation

Newcastle Hospitals Foundation NHS Trust (UK)

Sponsor details

Wolfson Unit of Clinical Pharmacology
Institute of Cellular Medicine
Framlington Place
Newcastle Upon Tyne
NE2 4HH
United Kingdom

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre

Website

Funders

Funder type

Research council

Funder name

Medical Research Council (MRC) (UK); Grant Codes: MR/L005123/1

Alternative name(s)

MRC

Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Federal/National Government

Location

United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Protocol publication is in progress and is not already available online. Details of additional documents can be supplied on request. Planned publication at conferences and in peer reviewed scientific journals.

IPD sharing statement
The data sharing plans for the current study are unknown and will be made available at a later date.

Intention to publish date

31/01/2020

Participant level data

To be made available at a later date

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

18/08/2017: Plain English summary updated. 15/08/2017: Trial participating centres, publication and dissemination plan, and IPD sharing statement added. 11/08/2017: The following changes were made to the trial record: 1. The recruitment end date was changed from 29/06/2017 to 25/10/2018. 2. The overall trial end date was changed from 29/06/2017 to 31/01/2019.