Condition category
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting
Publication status
Results overdue

Contact information



Primary contact

Prof Alan Burnett


Contact details

Department of Haematology
7th floor
School of Medicine
University Hospital of Wales
Heath Park
CF14 4XN
United Kingdom

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number

Version 1, November 2010

Study information

Scientific title

Leukaemia Lymphoma Research and NCRI Working Group Pick a Winner Programme (LI-1) Trial Trial: Multicentre phase II/III interventional study



Study hypothesis

Standard care treatment for Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) patients over the age of 60 not fit for intensive chemotherapy may be improved upon either in combination with novel agents or by use of novel agents alone

Ethics approval

LI-1 is being submitted to MREC for Wales in December 2010 or January 2011

Study design

Multicentre phase II/III interventional study

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients over 60


The following treatments will be compared
1. Low dose Ara-C (cytarabine): 20 mg twice a day (b.i.d) by subcutaneous injection daily on days 1-10 (20 doses) to be repeated at 28 to 42 day intervals.
2. Sapacitabine: 300mg orally b.i.d. for 3 consecutive days in week one and in week two. This should be followed by a minimum of 4 weeks of no treatment. This comprises one course.
3. Vosaroxin: Intravenous infusion in a dose of 72mg/m2 over 10 minutes on days 1 and 4 of each treatment course (two doses).
4. Low dose Ara-C + Vosaroxin: as above
5. Low dose Ara-C + AC220: Ara-C as above plus AC220 oral solution at allocated dose (135mg or 90mg or 60mg) once a day on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal in the morning for 21 consecutive days as 1 cycle of treatment.
6. 'Other novel agent'

Recruitment will proceed until at least 50 patients have entered each comparative arm (Ara-C and novel therapy). For treatments where the proposed effect is to improve survival by inducing a greater number of remissions, this component will then be analysed using complete remission as the measure.

Patients will be expected to receive four courses of treatment and are followed up annually for life.

Intervention type



Phase II/III

Drug names

Ara-C (cytarabine), Sapacitabine, Vosaroxin, AC220

Primary outcome measure

1. Overall survival
2. Complete remission (CR + CRi) achievement and reasons for failure (for induction questions) assessed locally via bone marrow samples (as per standard care) after each course
3. Duration of response (CR, CRi) relapse rates and deaths in first CR
4. Toxicity, both haematological and non-haematological
5. Supportive care requirements (and other aspects of health economics)
6. Quality of Life Assessment

Secondary outcome measures

1. Presence of a cytogenetic abnormality in the bone marrow of patients in morphological remission
2. Molecular characteristics and response to treatment

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Patients have one of the forms of acute myeloid leukaemia, except Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia as defined by the WHO Classification (Appendix A) this can be any type of de novo or secondary AML – or high risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome, defined as greater than 10% marrow blasts (RAEB-2)
2. Normally over the age of 60, but patients under this age are eligible if they are not considered fit for the NCRI AML16 trial or any subsequent equivalent trial
3. Written informed consent
4. For the AC220 interventions cardiac criteria must be met. Electrolyte levels of potassium, magnesium and calcium must be within the institutional normal range

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. Patients have previously received cytotoxic chemotherapy for AML. (Hydroxycarbamide or similar low-dose therapy, to control the white count is not an exclusion criterion)
2. For AC220 treatment the following criteria make a patient ineligible for that randomisation:
2.1. A myocardial infarction within 12 months
2.2. Uncontrolled angina within 6 months
2.3. Current or history of congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 3 or 4, unless an echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple gated acquisition scan (MUGA) performed either within 1 month prior to study screening or during screening results in a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) that is ≥ 45% (or institutional lower limit of normal value)
2.4. Diagnosed or suspected congenital long QT syndrome. Any history of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (such as ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, torsades de pointes [TdP]) or any history of arrhythmia will be discussed with the clinical coordinator/safety physician prior to patient’s entry into the study
2.5. Prolonged QTcF interval on pre-entry ECG (≥450 ms)
2.6. Any history of second or third degree heart block (may be eligible if the patient currently has a pacemaker
2.7. Heart rate < 50/minute on pre-entry ECG
2.8. Uncontrolled hypertension
2.9. Obligate need for a cardiac pacemaker
2.10. Complete left bundle branch block
2.11. Atrial fibrillation
3. In blast transformation of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML)
4. Concurrent active malignancy under treatment
5. Pregnant or lactating
6. Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia
7. Known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

Australia, Denmark, France, United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Department of Haematology,
CF14 4XN
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


Cardiff University (UK)

Sponsor details

6th floor
Research And Commercial Division
30-36 Newport Road
CF24 0DE
United Kingdom

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name

Leukaemia and Lymphoma Research (LLR) (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

private sector organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Other non-profit organizations


United Kingdom

Funder name

Cardiff University (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

private sector organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Universities (academic only)


United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

04/04/2017: The overall trial end date was changed from 01/04/2016 to 01/01/2020.