Plain English Summary
Background and study aims:
Surgical resection remains the best chance of cure for patients with cancer of the stomach of oesophagus (food pipe). There is a 30% chance of death associated with this type of surgery, with heart complications responsible for a large number of patients who die after surgery. Complications have a negative impact on survival and quality of life after surgery. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (anti-cancer medications given before surgery to help shrink the tumour) is now common practice. The best time to undertake surgical procedures after neoadjuvant therapy in cancer of the stomach of oesophagus is not well defined. The aim of this study is to look at the effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on physical fitness and health in patients with this type of cancer.
Who can participate?
Adults who have been diagnosed with cancer of the oesophagus or stomach who are suitable for neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery.
What does the study involve?
Participants have routine clinical data collected before starting their treatment. Following three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy delivered as part of normal care, further tests are completed to assess the effects of the treatment. This involves having samples taken for testing, completing questionnaires and undergoing body scans and assessments.
What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
There are no direct benefits or risks involved with participating.
Where is the study run from?
Royal Victoria Infirmary (UK)
When is study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
October 2015 to October 2017
Who is funding the study?
Northern Oesphagogastric Cancer Fund (UK)
Who is the main contact?
Dr Maziar Navidi
IRAS Project ID 172690
Impact of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy on cardiorespiratory reserve in oesophago-gastric carcinoma
The aim of this feasibility study is to investigate the effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on physical fitness and health in patients with oesophagogastric adenocarcinoma.
1. Optimise the timing of surgery
2. Identify variables that could improve maintenance of fitness and health during chemotherapy
3. Reduce negative impact of chemotherapy
4. Inform future studies in this area
NRES Committee North East - Newcastle & North Tyneside 2, 09/09/2015, ref: 15/NE/0276
Observational longitudinal study
Primary study design
Secondary study design
Patient information sheet
Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patint information sheet'. firstname.lastname@example.org
Adenocarcinoma of oesophagus or stomach
Eligible patients for the study are identified at MDM and are approached at the next available oncology clinic at which point an Information leaflet is disseminated to interested patients. Twenty four hours is given before written informed consent is obtained. Recruited patients respective GPs are informed. Routine pre operative data (patient characteristics which are collected in all patients routinely) and CPET data (this is standard of care for all patients and forms part of pre assessment) are added to research data base. Base line questionnaires as well as Grip Test and TGUG performed (study data) are collected as part of the research study. Attempted three cycles of NAC completed (standard of care). Toxicity data collected (standard of care). Each chemotherapy cycle lasts 21 days. First post NAC set of data collected (CPET; Grip Test; TGUG as well as questionnaires) (study data collected as part of the study and anonymised ) this is performed at 0-7 days post completion of NAC.
Second post NAC set of data is collected at 14-21 days post completion of NAC (CPET; Grip Test; TGUG as well as questionnaires) (study data collected as part of the study and anonymised). Third post NAC set of data is collected at 28-35 days post completion of NAC (CPET; Grip Test; TGUG as well as questionnaires) (study data collected as part of the study and anonymised). The proposed surgical intervention is then carried out. The clinical team are blinded to the outcome of the study.
Primary outcome measure
Effect of net-adjuvant chemotherapy on cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with oesophagogastric adenocarcinoma is measured using Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET) immediately following chemotherapy (baseline) and before surgery (at 0 weeks, 2 weeks and 4 weeks)
Secondary outcome measures
1. Objective measurement of changes and restoration of fitness after chemotherapy in order to optimise timing of surgery
2. Impact of NAC on quality of life indices using The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) in combination with Oesophago-gastric Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-OG25) before chemotherapy at 0 weeks post chemotherapy and at 4 weeks post chemotherapy prior to surgery
3. Impact of NAC on nutritional status is measured using the Mini Nutritional Assessment questionnaire (MNA) before chemotherapy at 0 weeks post chemotherapy and at 4 weeks post chemotherapy prior to surgery
4. Impact of NAC on sarcopenia is assessed by measuring the following:
4.1. Muscle mass is measured using CT scans pre and post chemotherapy performed as part of routine clinical care
4.2. Muscle strength – Grip strength is measured using a hydraulic hand dynameter before chemotherapy at 0 weeks post chemotherapy and at 4 weeks post chemotherapy prior to surgery
4.3. Muscle Function is measured using the Timed Get up and Go test (TGUG) before chemotherapy at 0 weeks post chemotherapy and at 4 weeks post chemotherapy prior to surgery
Overall trial start date
Overall trial end date
Reason abandoned (if study stopped)
Participant inclusion criteria
1. Histological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus or stomach
2. Patients deemed suitable for neo-adjuvant chemotherapy prior to resectional surgery
3. Absolute or relative contraindication in the patient’s ability to perform serial (cardiopulmonary exercise tests) CPETs
4. Written informed consent
5. Aged 18 years and over
Target number of participants
Total final enrolment
Participant exclusion criteria
1. A pathological diagnosis other than adenocarcinoma.
2. Inability to consent or withdrawal of consent at any point during the research process
3.Absolute or relative contraindication to CPET testing:
3.1.1. Acute myocardial infarction (3–5 days)
3.1.2. Unstable angina
3.1.3. Uncontrolled arrhythmias causing symptoms or haemodynamic compromise
3.1.5. Active endocarditis
3.1.6. Acute myocarditis or pericarditis
3.1.7. Symptomatic severe aortic stenosis
3.1.8. Uncontrolled heart failure
3.1.9. Acute pulmonary embolus or pulmonary infarction
3.1.10. Thrombosis of lower extremities
3.1.11. Suspected dissecting aneurysm
3.1.12. Uncontrolled asthma
3.1.13. Pulmonary oedema
3.1.14. Room air desaturation at rest 85%*
3.1.15. Respiratory failure
3.1.16. Acute non‐cardiopulmonary disorder that may affect exercise performance or be aggravated by exercise (ie, infection, renal failure, thyrotoxicosis)
3.1.17. Mental impairment leading to inability to cooperate
3.2.1. Left main coronary stenosis or its equivalent
3.2.2. Moderate stenotic valvular heart disease
3.2.3. Severe untreated arterial hypertension at rest or haemodynamic compromise (>200 mm Hg systolic, >120 mm Hg diastolic)
3.2.4. Tachyarrhythmias or bradyarrhythmias
3.2.5. High‐degree atrioventricular block
3.2.6. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
3.2.7. Significant pulmonary hypertension
3.2.8. Advanced or complicated pregnancy
3.2.9. Electrolyte abnormalities
3.2.10. Orthopaedic impairment that compromises exercise performance
Recruitment start date
Recruitment end date
Countries of recruitment
Trial participating centre
Royal Victoria Infirmary
Northern Oesophagogastric Unit, Queen Victoria Road
Newcastle upon Tyne
Royal Victoria Infirmary
Newcastle upon Tyne
Newcastle upon Tyne
Northern Oesphagogastric Cancer Fund
Funding Body Type
Funding Body Subtype
Results and Publications
Publication and dissemination plan
Planned publication in a high-impact peer reviewed journal.
IPD Sharing plan:
The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are/will be available upon request from Maziar Navidi (Navidi@doctors.org.uk)
Intention to publish date
Participant level data
Available on request
Basic results (scientific)
2018 results in https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29601082 (added 24/01/2020)