Condition category
Mental and Behavioural Disorders
Date applied
13/06/2012
Date assigned
24/07/2012
Last edited
22/06/2016
Prospective/Retrospective
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Depression is the most common of all mental health problems. Around 1 in 7 older people (aged over 75) suffer from depression. Depression in older people is associated with poor quality of life and increased health and social care use. As the ageing population grows, solutions are needed to meet the specific needs of older people. CASPER PLUS is a study of a primary care-based psychological treatment, called ‘collaborative care’, for older people with depression. The aim of the study is to establish the clinical effectiveness and cost effectiveness of collaborative care for older people with depression.

Who can participate?
All patients aged 65 and over in participating GP practices will be invited to take part in the study.

What does the study involve?
Eligible participants who consent to take part are allocated into one of two groups: the Collaborative Care group or Usual GP Care. This is done through a computerised process called ‘randomisation’, which means participants are allocated to groups purely by chance, in a similar way to using the toss of a coin.
Collaborative Care participants are assigned to a specialist health worker, called a Case Manager. They work closely with the participant for a period of 8 to 10 weeks, providing support and information to help them recover from depression, to improve their mental wellbeing and to keep well in future.
Collaborative care may also involve medication management, in cases where the participant has been prescribed medication. The case manager liaises with the participant’s GP regarding their care.
Collaborative Care has shown promising trial results in the United States of America (USA). However the transferability of this model of service to the UK NHS cannot be assumed. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has identified this as an important intervention that should be subject to further studies.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
The possible benefits are that participants may be offered collaborative care, which may not be currently available in their GP practice. A large study in the USA using collaborative care has shown positive results in improving levels of depression among older adults. The CASPER Plus trial is conducted through the National Health Service (NHS). All NHS research is approved by of an independent Research Ethics Committee, to protect the safety, rights, wellbeing and dignity of participants. There are no expected risks in participating in the study.

Where is the study run from?
The main centre of the trial is York. A number of GP practices in and around the area will invite patients over 65 to take part in the study. We also expect to recruit participants from GP practices in and around Leeds, Durham and Newcastle.

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
August 2012 to June 2015

Who is funding the study?
National Institute for Health Research (UK)

Who is the main contact?
Dr Helen Lewis
Helen.lewis@york.ac.uk

Trial website

http://www.casperstudy.org.uk/

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Prof Simon Gilbody

ORCID ID

Contact details

Department of Health Sciences
University of York
Heslington
York
YO10 5DD
United Kingdom
+44 (0)1904 430 000
simon.gilbody@york.ac.uk

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

HTA 10/57/43, Protocol number: R12237

Study information

Scientific title

The CASPER-PLUS trial: CollAborative care in Screen Positive EldeRs with major depressive disorder - a pragmatic randomised controlled trial

Acronym

CASPER-PLUS

Study hypothesis

CASPER-PLUS is a sub study of the wider CASPER study (ISRCTN02202951), a cohort study and randomised controlled trial (RCT) looking at the effectiveness of collaborative care in older patients with sub-threshold depression, using a database screening approach in rectuiting patients.

CASPER-PLUS aims to establish the clinical and cost effectiveness of a collaborative care intervention for older people with screen-positive above-threshold depression ('major depressive episode') within a definitive RCT.

Ethics approval

NRES Committee Yorkshire & Humber - Leeds East, 20/04/2012, ref: 10/H1306/61

Study design

Pragmatic multi-centre randomised controlled trial

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

GP practices

Trial type

Treatment

Patient information sheet

Patient information material can be found at http://www.york.ac.uk/healthsciences/trials-unit/casper/participants/

Condition

Depression / mental well-being

Intervention

Eligible participants who have consented to be in the trial will be randomised into one of two intervention groups: 1. Collaborative Care (including Behavioural Activation) intervention with medication monitoring and management
2. Usual care

This psychological intervention is a bespoke collaborative care designed and delivered specifically for those aged 65 or over with above threshold, case-level depression over 8-10 weekly sessions. Collaborative care will be delivered by a case manager (a primary care mental health worker) within a 'stepped care framework', such that those whose depression deteriorates are 'stepped up' from low intensity care to a more intensive form of management including medication monitoring.

The five core components of the intervention are described below:
1. Patient-centred assessment and engagement: Patients are first assessed in their own residential setting. The severity of depression and associated behavioural and social deficits are assessed and patient information materials are given.
2. Symptom measurement and monitoring: A standardised assessment of symptom severity is made. Symptom tracking (to judge response, failure to respond or deterioration) is then made at all subsequent patient contacts.
3. Medication management: The prescription of anti-depressant medication is entirely at the discretion of the General Practitioner. We will encourage GPs to consider NICE guidance in their prescribing decisions. The concordant use of medication by patients will be encouraged by the case manager if a prescription has been initiated by the GP. Patient concerns (such as addiction) and non-compliance will be addressed during sessions. There will be active liaison with GPs to encourage follow up patient appointments with the GP if poor concordance is noted.
4. Active follow-up: All patients are followed up by the CM for eight weeks using face to face meetings or telephone contacts.
5. Delivery of behavioural activation (BA): Patients are offered the option of behavioural activation delivered over eight sessions by their case manager. BA consists of a structured programme of reducing the frequency of negatively reinforced avoidant behaviours in parallel with increasing the frequency of positively reinforcing behaviours to improve functioning and raise mood. During this time patients will remain under the medical care of their GP.

The additional elements of collaborative care include: telephone support; symptom monitoring and active surveillance (facilitated by computerised case management systems – PC-MIS); medication monitoring; low intensity psychosocial intervention (behavioural activation). The work of case managers is supervised by an older persons’ mental health specialist (old age psychiatrist or psychologist).

Control intervention
Participants allocated to the control condition will receive usual primary care management of case level depression offered by their GP, in line with NICE depression guidance and local service provision.

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Depression severity measured by the PHQ9 at 4,12 and 18 months

Secondary outcome measures

Presence/absence of depression diagnosis as ascertained by interview

Overall trial start date

15/08/2012

Overall trial end date

30/06/2015

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. CASPER participants will be identified by comprehensive screening strategies in primary care (replicating that which is incentivised in QOF-compliant case finding for those with CHD and diabetes).
2. Older people (aged 65 and above)
3. Who screen-positive for depression on the recommended QOF 2 question brief depression screen (sometimes referred to as the ‘Whooley’ questions after their initial validation study ), but who on further assessment have Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Senior

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

450

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Known alcohol dependency (as recorded on GP records)
2. Any known co-morbidity that would in the GP’s opinion make entry to the trial inadvisable (e.g. recent evidence of self harm, known current thoughts of self harm, significant cognitive impairment)
3. Other factors that would make an invitation to participate in the trial inappropriate (e.g. recent bereavement; terminal malignancy)
4. Known to be experiencing psychotic symptoms (as recorded on GP records)

Recruitment start date

15/08/2012

Recruitment end date

30/06/2015

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

University of York
York
YO10 5DD
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

University of York (UK)

Sponsor details

c/o Sue Final
Heslington
York
YO10 5DD
United Kingdom

Sponsor type

University/education

Website

http://www.york.ac.uk/

Funders

Funder type

Government

Funder name

Health Technology Assessment Programme

Alternative name(s)

NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme, HTA

Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Federal/National Government

Location

United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

2014 protocol in: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25409776
2015 qualitative study results in: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26481581
2016 erratum in: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27121377

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

22/06/2016: Publication reference added. 05/05/2016: Publication reference added.