Condition category
Infections and Infestations
Date applied
18/09/2014
Date assigned
18/09/2014
Last edited
25/11/2016
Prospective/Retrospective
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Ongoing
Recruitment status
Recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Currently the antibiotic ceftriaxone is used to treat gonorrhoea but there is increasing evidence that this antibiotic is becoming less effective over time and will stop curing patients with gonorrhoea within the next few years. Many currently available antibiotics do not work against gonorrhoea and there is an urgent need to find an alternative treatment which is effective and safe. Gentamicin which is an existing antibiotic, might be effective against gonorrhoea. Testing in the laboratory suggests that gentamicin could be used to treat gonorrhoea, and it has been used as a treatment in some developing countries with success. A review looking for previously published studies which assessed gentamicin found that the existing trials are of low quality and that there are no recent clinical trials. Therefore a randomised study to compare the efficacy of ceftriaxone and gentamicin has been designed. This will assess whether gentamicin is a safe and effective treatment for gonorrhoea.

Who can participate?
Patients diagnosed with gonorrhoea infection will be asked to join the study

What does the study involve?
and be randomised to receive either gentamicin or ceftriaxone. Both are given by injection. All patients will also receive azithromycin which is currently given in combination with ceftriaxone in the treatment of gonorrhoea. Patients will be asked to come back to clinic 2 weeks after their treatment to be tested to see if their gonorrhoea has cleared. The safety of both antibiotics will also be assessed.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
There are no direct benefits for the participant of taking part in the study. However, the information we get from this study will help us to see if gentamicin is as good as ceftriaxone. This could benefit patients with gonorrhoea in the future. Although previous studies suggest that it is effective, there is a risk that gentamicin may not work as well as ceftriaxone and that participants may have to have further treatment. There is also a risk of side effects from both antibiotics, although we think this risk is low as they are only given once. Ceftriaxone can cause diarrhoea, anaemia, abnormalities in white blood cells and problems with kidney and liver function. Gentamicin can cause problems with hearing, balance and kidney function.

Where is the study run from?
Notitngham Clinical Trials Unit, UK

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
October 2014 to December 2016

Who is funding the study?
National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) UK

Who is the main contact?
Miss Clare Brittain
clare.brittain@nottingham.ac.uk

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Miss Clare Brittain

ORCID ID

Contact details

Queens Medical Centre
Derby Road
Nottingham
NG7 2UH
United Kingdom
-
clare.brittain@nottingham.ac.uk

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

17433; HTA 12/127/10

Study information

Scientific title

A randomised controlled trial to compare the clinical effectiveness and safety of gentamicin and ceftriaxone in the treatment of gonorrhoea

Acronym

G-TOG

Study hypothesis

The study is to trying to find out whether gentamicin is an acceptable alternative to ceftriaxone, in the treatment of gonorrhoea. This will be done by determining whether the clearance rate of gonorrheoa in participants receiving gentamicin is no worse than the rate in participants receiving ceftriaxone. In parallel, the safety of both treatments will be assessed.

More details can be found at: http://www.nets.nihr.ac.uk/projects/hta/1212710

Ethics approval

South Central - Oxford C REC; ref: 14/SC/1030

Study design

Randomised; Interventional; Design type: Not specified

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Hospitals

Trial type

Treatment

Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details to request a patient information sheet

Condition

Topic: Infectious diseases and microbiology; Subtopic: Infection (all Subtopics); Disease: Infectious diseases and microbiology

Intervention

Gentamicin (240 mg), Gentamicin (240 mg) vs Ceftriaxone (500 mg) for the treatment of gonorrhoea. Participants will be randomised to receive a single intramuscular injection of gentamicin (240 mg) or ceftriaxone (500 mg). All participants will also receive a single oral dose of azithromycin (1 g) as standard care.

Intervention type

Drug

Phase

Not Applicable

Drug names

Gentamicin, ceftriaxone, azithromycin

Primary outcome measures

Clearance of N. gonorrhoeae at all the infected sites confirmed by a negative NAAT (Aptima Combo), two weeks post treatment (as recommended by the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV).

Secondary outcome measures

1. Clinical resolution of symptoms
2. Frequency of nausea/vomiting, hearing loss, dizziness and rash
3. Frequency of other adverse events
4. Tolerability of therapy
5. Relationship between clinical effectiveness and MIC to inhibit N. gonorrhoeae growth
6. Cost effectiveness

Overall trial start date

01/10/2014

Overall trial end date

31/12/2016

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Aged 16-70 years
2. Diagnosis of uncomplicated untreated genital, pharyngeal or rectal gonorrhoea based on a positive gram stained smear on microscopy, or positive NAAT
3. Written informed consent provided

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Adult

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

Planned Sample Size: 720; UK Sample Size: 720

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Known concurrent bacterial sexually transmitted infection (apart from chlamydia)
2. Known contraindications or allergy to gentamicin, ceftriaxone, azithromycin or lidocaine
3. Pregnant or breastfeeding
4. Current clinical diagnosis of complicated gonorrhoea infections eg pelvic inflammatory disease, epididymoorchitis
5. Weight less than 40kg at the time of randomisation
6. Currently receiving or have received ceftriaxone or gentamicin within the preceding 28 days
7. Previous participation in this study

Recruitment start date

01/10/2014

Recruitment end date

31/12/2016

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Queens Medical Centre
Nottingham
NG7 2UH
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

University Hospital Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust (UK)

Sponsor details

Birmingham & Black Country
Research and Development
Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Edgbaston
Birmingham
B15 2TH
United Kingdom

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre

Website

Funders

Funder type

Government

Funder name

Health Technology Assessment Programme

Alternative name(s)

NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme, HTA

Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

Federal/National Government

Location

United Kingdom

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

01/01/2018

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

2016 protocol in: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27881151

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

25/11/2016: Publication reference added.