Condition category
Mental and Behavioural Disorders
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
This study aims to test how well Teacher Consultation (TC), one of six modules in the program Early Intervention for Children at Risk (TIBIR in Norwegian), works. TIBIR is a program developed by the Norwegian Center for Child Behavioural Development to prevent and treat behavioral problems and strengthen social competence in children. TC consists of six to eight consultations, and focuses on designing and performing classroom and individual techniques for stopping or reducing conduct problems and at promoting behaviour that benefits others.
The aims of the present study are:
• To compare the effects of TC to regular services given to prevent and treat children identified as having behavioral problems at school or kindergarten.
• To determine whether some children benefit more from TC than others?
• How can TC be improved?

Who can participate?
In total, 200 children, from various sites/areas in Norway, between the age of 3 to 12 years, having behavioral problems at school or kindergarten, can participate in this study. The consultation will be offered to the classroom and preschool teachers working with these children.

What does the study involve?
In this study, participants are randomly allocated to one of two groups, TC or regular services. They will receive the respective service. Questionnaires are filled by the children’s parents, classroom or preschool teachers and the consultants. Parents and teachers are asked to report on the child’s behavior before, after, and 6 months after the consultation. Consultants and teachers are asked to fill the forms during the consultation.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
All participants will receive well-known consultations carried out in the centres where the study will be conducted. There are no known risks in participating in this study.

Where is the study run from?
The Norwegian Center for Child Behavioral Development, University of Oslo, Norway.

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
The study starts in March 2013, and is expected to run till March 2017.

Who is funding the study?
The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Norway); Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion (Norway); the Norwegian Directorate of Health (Norway); the Norwegian Directorate for Primary and Secondary Education (Norway).

Who is the main contact?
John Kjøbli

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Terje Ogden


Contact details

Postboks 7053 Majorstuen
23 20 58 42

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

Early Initiatives for Children at Risk (TIBIR) – an evaluation of the intervention modules: Teacher Consultation. A randomised controlled trial



Study hypothesis

The aim of the present study is to compare the effects of Teacher Consultation (TC) to regular services given to prevent and treat children identified as having behavior problems at school or kindergarten.

Ethics approval

Regional Committees for Medical and Health Research Ethics, South- East, 7th March 2013, ref: 2012/468

Study design

Randomised controlled trial (RCT)

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Prevention and reduction of behavioral problems


The intervention studied in this trial is part of an early intervention program for use in municipalities, based on the principles of PMTO.
The program consists of six modules: a multiple – gate assessment tool for early identification and five interventions. Three modules, PMTO, PMTO Parent Group (PMTO PG), and Brief Parent Training (BPT), target parents; one module, TC, focuses on other significant adults in important arenas, such as schools and kindergartens; and one module, Child Social Skill Training (CSST), is designed to improve the child`s social skills. The modules of TIBIR are intended to both supplement and compensate for one another.
In this RCT, the intervention studied is the TC. Children identified as having behavioral problems at school or kindergarten will be offered a TC intervention. This intervention consists of six to eight consultations offered to classroom or preschool teachers that focus on the design and implementation of classroom and individual strategies and techniques aimed at stopping or reducing conduct problems and at promoting prosocial behavior.
A training period of 4- days is required to become a Teacher Consultant. The training presupposes that they are Brief Parent Trainers or PMTO therapists. The training in TC adressess behavior problems in school and kindergarten, the role of consultants, the assessment of behavior problems in school and preschool settings, compliance, skill encouragement, various skills and techniques that promote prosocial behavior, and the management of behavior problems.
The TC intervention will be compared to regular services (with pre-, post- and follow-up assessment). Examples of regular services are: teacher/assistant guidance, full- or part-time assistant, and evidence based programs like The Incredible Years. The services given will vary from one municipality to another.

Intervention type



Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

The assessment in both the intervention and comparison group will be conducted before treatment and approximately 12 weeks after the initiation of the intervention, and again 6 months following the second assessment.
Outcome name: Behavior Problems
Metric/method of measurement:
Parent Questionnaires:
1. Eyberg Behavior Child Inventory (ECBI)
2. Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) for Externalizing Problems
3. Home and Community Social Behavior Scale (HCSBS) –Social competence scale (32 items)
Teacher Questionnaires:
1. Class environment and Problem behavior in the Classroom
2. Teacher Report Form (TRF) for Externalizing Problems
3. School Social Behavior Scales (32 items SSBS)

Secondary outcome measures

Parent Questionnaires:
1. Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) for Internalizing Problems
2. Parenting Practices Interview- Positive Parenting (15 items) and Harsh discipline (14 items)
3. Stressfull Life Events (12 items)
Teacher Questionnaires:
1. Teacher Report Form (TRF) for Internalizing Problems
2. Teacher- Consultant Alliance Form (Measure of alliance between classroom or preeschool teachers and consultant)
3. Teacher Consulation Adherence Form
4. Mapping of Regular Services (Kartlegging av kontrolltiltak)
Consultant Questionnaires:
1. Consultant – Teacher Alliance Form (Measure of alliance between classroom or preeschool teachers and consultant)
2. Teacher Consulation Adherence Form

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Child exhibiting conduct problems in school or kindergarten
2. Child is 3 - 12 years old, either sex

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

Children who:
1. were diagnosed with autism
2. has been exposed to documented sexual assaults
3. are mentally retarded
4. has parents with serious mental health problems or severely retarded

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment


Trial participating centre

Postboks 7053 Majorstuen

Sponsor information


The Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion (BLD) (Norway)

Sponsor details

Postboks 8036 Dep

Sponsor type




Funder type

Research organisation

Funder name

The Norwegian Center for Child Behavior Development (Norway)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes