Condition category
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting
Publication status
Results overdue

Contact information



Primary contact

Miss Kirsten Murray


Contact details

Area 159C
1st Floor
Gyle Square
1 South Gyle Crescent
EH12 9EB
United Kingdom

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

First prospective Intergroup Translational Research Trial assessing the potential predictive value of p53 using a functional assay in yeast in patients with locally advanced/inflammatory or large operable breast cancer prospectively randomised to a taxane versus a non taxane regimen


p53 Study

Study hypothesis

The study had two main objectives:
1. Test a treatment effect by comparing an anthracycline based regime (standard treatment) to a taxane plus anthracycline regimen ("new" treatment) separately in the normal and mutated p53 subgroups, p53 being assessed by a functional assay in yeast
2. Test an interaction effect between p53 status and the chemotherapy regimen (with or without taxanes)

Ethics approval

Multicentre Research Ethics Committee for Scotland, 11/12/2001, ref: MREC/01/0/22

Study design

Multicentre randomised interventional treatment trial

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Topic: National Cancer Research Network; Subtopic: Breast Cancer; Disease: Breast


1. Non-taxane arm: either FEC100 (epirubicin 100 mg/m2 with 5-fluorouracil 500 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2) every 3 weeks for 6 cycles or Canadian FEC (oral cyclophosphamide on days 1-14 and epirubicin IV and fluorouracil IV on days 1 and 8) every 4 weeks for 6 cycles or tailored FEC (fluorouracil IV over 15 minutes, epirubicin IV over 1 hour, and cyclophosphamide IV over 1-2 hours on day 1; patients also receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously on days 2-15 or until blood counts recover) x 6 (every 3 weeks for 6 cycles)
2. Taxane arm: 3 cycles Docetaxel (every 3 weeks for 3 cycles) followed by 3 cycles Epirubicin/Docetaxel (every 3 weeks for 3 cycles)

Follow up for both arms is till death
Study entry: single randomisation only

Intervention type



Phase III

Drug names

5-FU, docetaxel, epirubicin

Primary outcome measure

Progression free survival, calculated from date of randomisation to the first evidence of progression or recurrence or death, whichever occurs first

Secondary outcome measures

1. Distant metastasis free survival, calculated from the date of randomisation to the first evidence of recurrent disease outside radiation field or death, whichever occurs first
2. Survival, calculated from date of randomisation to date of death
3. Clinical and pathological responses, assessed after 3rd cycle and at the end of neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to Response Evaulation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) criteria for tumour progression
4. Toxicity, measured according to Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) scale version 2.0

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Histologically confirmed breast cancer: Locally advanced or inflammatory disease:
1.1. + T4a-d, any N, M0, or
1.2. + Any T, N2 or N3, M0
1.3. + Large T2 or T3 breast cancer requiring tumor shrinkage prior to breast conservation surgery
2. Frozen tumor sample available:
2.1. One incisional biopsy, or
2.2. Two trucut biopsies from a 14G needle
3. No prior chemotherapy
4. No prior radiotherapy
5. Age: 70 and under
6. Female
7. Performance status: World Health Organization (WHO) 0 - 1
8. Neutrophil count greater than 1,500/mm^3
9. Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
10. Bilirubin less than 1.2 mg/dL
11. Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) less than 60 IU/L
12. Creatinine less than 1.35 mg/dL
13. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) normal by echocardiography or multiple gated acquisition scan (MUGA)

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants

Planned sample size: 1850

Participant exclusion criteria

1. No other malignancy within the past 5 years except basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
2. No serious uncontrolled medical condition
3. No uncontrolled psychiatric or addictive disorders
4. Not pregnant or nursing
5. Fertile patients must use effective contraception

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Area 159C, 1st Floor
EH12 9EB
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) (Belgium)

Sponsor details

Avenue Mounierlaan

Sponsor type

Research organisation



Funder type

Research organisation

Funder name

European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) (Belgium)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

19/10/2018: Cancer Research UK lay results summary link added to Results (plain English) 11/04/2017: No publications found in PubMed, verifying study status with principal investigator