Condition category
Mental and Behavioural Disorders
Date applied
28/06/2008
Date assigned
29/08/2008
Last edited
08/08/2011
Prospective/Retrospective
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Dr Paul McArdle

ORCID ID

Contact details

Fleming Nuffield Unit
Burdon Terrace
Newcastle upon Tyne
NE3 4EX
United Kingdom
+44 (0)7775 925 838
mcardlep@btinternet.com

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

N/A

Study information

Scientific title

School-based indicated prevention: two and three year follow up of a randomised trial of group therapy

Acronym

Study hypothesis

The hypothesis was that drama group intervention would reduce symptoms of mental disorder among children teacher-identified children meeting a number of criteria. These were:
1. Scholastic under-performance
2. Known major family problems
3. Ill-nourished or poorly cared for appearance
4. Impaired peer relationships
5. Behavioural or emotional difficulties

Ethics approval

Ethics approval received from the Newcastle upon Tyne Ethics Committee in 1995.

Study design

Randomised controlled trial

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Other

Trial type

Prevention

Patient information sheet

Condition

Mental disorder in children and young people

Intervention

Interventions comprised drama group therapy (DGT), comprising reflective discussion and role play conducted by a drama therapy trained teacher. The role play was central to the drama therapy and involved mini-plays using themes suggested by the children themselves such as disciplinary episodes involving teachers or police, family difficulties and peer issues, seeking for alternative practicable routes to more satisfactory solutions from the participants' perspectives.

The control curriculum studies (CS) comparison involved teaching mathematics and English also delivered in the children's school. The CS group was encouraged in the formation of a positive peer group that focused on developing skills in mathematics and English. During the sessions no attempt was made to investigate any emotional/behavioural issues, but the pedagogy was strongly inclusive and supportive, with clear expectations for conduct. The group leader used focused praise for achievement of task outcome and collaborative behaviours shown by the group.

The two groups each ran for an hour a week over a 12 week period and were conducted during school hours. The follow up took place over three years.

Please note that the sponsor and funder of this trial, Northern and Yorkshire Research and Development Directorate (UK), does not exist any more due to restructuring in the NHS.

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Not Specified

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Scores on behaviour parent- teacher- and self-report mental health questionnaires:
1. The Child Behaviour Checklist
2. Teacher Report Form
3. Youth Self Report

Data were gathered three months pre-intervention and at the start of intervention (waiting list control), at the end of intervention (+three months), six months, one year, two years and three years post-intervention.

Secondary outcome measures

No secondary outcome measures.

Overall trial start date

15/09/1996

Overall trial end date

15/04/2001

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Children of either sex
2. Scholastic under-performance
3. Known major family problems
4. Ill-nourished or poorly cared for appearance
5. Impaired peer relationships
6. Behavioural or emotional difficulties

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Child

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

122

Participant exclusion criteria

Not at school.

Recruitment start date

15/09/1996

Recruitment end date

15/04/2001

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Fleming Nuffield Unit
Newcastle upon Tyne
NE3 4EX
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

Northern and Yorkshire Research and Development Directorate (UK)

Sponsor details

-
-
-
United Kingdom
paul.mcardle@ntw.nhs.uk

Sponsor type

Government

Website

Funders

Funder type

Government

Funder name

Northern and Yorkshire Research and Development Directorate (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

1. 2002 results in http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12236606

Publication citations

  1. Results

    McArdle P, Moseley D, Quibell T, Johnson R, Allen A, Hammal D, leCouteur A, School-based indicated prevention: a randomised trial of group therapy., J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 2002, 43, 6, 705-712.

Additional files

Editorial Notes