Condition category
Not Applicable
Date applied
06/07/2016
Date assigned
26/07/2016
Last edited
26/07/2016
Prospective/Retrospective
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Switch-on is an intensive ten-week literacy program targeted at children in primary school who are not meeting the literacy levels expected for their age. It aims to help children to participate more fully in the classroom by becoming more confident, active and independent readers, using a range of methods to improve their reading and help them reach their full potential. Switch-on is delivered by specially trained teaching assistants (TAs) in daily 20-minute sessions. The aim of this study is to assess whether the program, can improve reading skills of pupils Year 3 pupils in UK primary schools, aged 7-8 years old, who failed to reach expected reading standards (Level 4 English, Key Stage 2) in the previous school year. The study will look at two versions of the program to see whether there is a difference in results (improvement in reading skills) and to compare the effect of each of these versions against children not taking part in the program.

Who can participate?
Year 3 pupils attending UK primary schools, aged 7-8 years old, who have failed to reach expected reading standards in the previous year

What does the study involve?
Participating schools are randomly allocated to one of three groups. Those in group one are allocated to the “Switch-on Reading” group, which includes only reading exercises. Those in group two are allocated to the “Switch-on Reading and Writing” group, which includes the teaching of reading skills and writing skills. The sessions in both groups are run on a daily basis by a specially trained teaching assistant and takes 20 minutes over a ten week period. Pupils in group 3 are not given any extra sessions and are taught as usual.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Not provided at time of registration

Where is the study run from?
188 schools in England (UK)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
December 2014 to September 2016

Who is funding the study?
Education Endowment Foundation (UK)

Who is the main contact?
Mr Nico Jabin

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Public

Primary contact

Mr Nico Jabin

ORCID ID

http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3419-546X

Contact details

NatCen Social Research
35 Northampton Square
London
EC1V 0AX
United Kingdom

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

Switch-on trial

Study information

Scientific title

A three-arm cluster-randomised controlled trial of two variants of Switch-on, an intensive reading intervention, delivered to 7-8 year-old pupils that did not reach the required reading level at the end of Key Stage 1

Acronym

Study hypothesis

Pupils participating in Switch-on will have better reading outcomes than equivalent pupils receiving business-as-usual support for their reading. The main hypothesis will either compare the two interventions jointly against the control, or, if a preliminary analysis indicates a difference in effect between the two interventions, separately.

Ethics approval

National Centre for Social Research Ethics Committee, 31/07/2015

Study design

Interventional three-arm cluster randomised controlled trial

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Cluster randomised trial

Trial setting

Schools

Trial type

Treatment

Patient information sheet

Condition

Low reading skills among 7-8 year old pupils

Intervention

Switch-on is an intensive ten-week literacy intervention targeted at children not demonstrating age-expected levels at primary school. It aims to enable children to ‘participate more fully in the classroom by becoming more confident, active and independent readers, who can use a range of effective reading strategies in order to achieve their full reading potential’ (Nottinghamshire County Council Switch-on training manual). Switch-on is delivered by specially trained teaching assistants (TAs) in daily 20-minute sessions.

Participating schools are randomly allocated to one of three groups.

Group 1: Participants take part in the "Switch-on Reading" program, which involves reading exercises only, taught by trained teaching assistants (TAs).
Group 2: Participants take part in the "Switch-on Reading and writing" program, which involves reading and writing exercises, taught by trained teaching assistants (TAs).
Group 3: Participants receive no intervention for the duration of the study.

At the end of the intervention period, participants undertake the Hodder Group Reading Test to test their reading skills.

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Reading skills, measured through the Hodder Group Reading Test (HGRT) at the end of the intervention period.

Secondary outcome measures

No secondary outcome measures

Overall trial start date

22/12/2014

Overall trial end date

30/09/2016

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Pupils in Year 3 (aged 7-8 years)
2. Reading age at the end of Key Stage 1 fell short of expected standards (according to teacher assessment)

Participant type

Other

Age group

Child

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

1500

Participant exclusion criteria

Based in schools implementing a whole-school Reading Recovery (another intensive reading intervention).

Recruitment start date

01/08/2015

Recruitment end date

16/10/2015

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

NatCen Social Research
35 Northampton Square
London
EC1V 0AX
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

Education Endowment Foundation

Sponsor details

9th Floor
Millbank Tower
21-24 Millbank
London
SW1P 4QP
United Kingdom
+44 20 7802 1676
info@eefoundation.org.uk

Sponsor type

Charity

Website

https://educationendowmentfoundation.org.uk

Funders

Funder type

Charity

Funder name

Education Endowment Foundation

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

The trial results are exptected to be available in September 2016.

Intention to publish date

30/09/2016

Participant level data

Stored in repository

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes