Condition category
Circulatory System
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting
Publication status
Results overdue

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims:
If cardiovascular risk factors are identified early, cardiovascular disease can be prevented. Exercise has positive effects on many cardiovascular risk factors, and it can significantly reduce the components of metabolic syndrome. The main challenge with exercise, is how to motivate the patients to change and increase their exercise habits. Our aim is to modify the exercise habits of men in early middle age.

Who can participate?
Men aged 35 to 45 years with a high cardiovascular risk (with at least two risk factors). We plan to recruit 300 participants in a two year period.

What does the study involve?
We aim to modify the exercise habits of men in early middle age. The men will be allocated to either health promotion led by a public health nurse, or group exercise with health promotion led by a general practitioner. We predict that the treatments will have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular risk level and physical activity of the men, which are the main outcomes of the study. We will examine the effect of the two treatments on the individual risk factors of metabolic syndrome (e.g. weight, waist circumference, blood cholesterol level) and on the physical activity factors. The results of this study will help to plan the treatments used in future to reduce cardiovascular mortality.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
The possibility to start physical training in a socially convenient surrounding with same-aged men having similar type of health problems. Main risk is that present intervention may not be strong enough to induce health benefits.

Where is the study run from?
The study will be run in Vantaa city, Finland by University of Helsinki and health authorities of Vantaa city.

When is study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
The study will start on 01 August 2012 and it will end 2015.

Who is funding the study?
Vantaa City, University of Helsinki and Yrjö Jahnssons Foundation.

Who is the main contact?
Timo Kauppila

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Timo Kauppila


Contact details

Finnish Medical Network
Liusketie 19 D 23
+358 447 684 449

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

An exercise intervention compared to a health promotion intervention in 35 - 45 year old men with elevated cardiovascular risk: a randomized controlled trial



Study hypothesis

Exercise is an effective method to control the cardiovascular risk in men. The challenge is to change the exercise habits of men. In this study we aim to modify the exercise habits by a exercise intervention in a group and by a health promotion intervention by a nurse. We hypothesize that the interventions have effect on the cardiovascular risk level of the men.

Ethics approval

Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa (HUS) Ethics Committee, 31 October 2011, ref: 213/13/03/00/11

Study design

Randomized controlled trial

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet [Available in Finnish, English, Russia and Swedish]


Men at elevated cardiovascular risk (at least two risk factors, please see above)


Participants will be randomised into one of two groups:
1. Exercise intervention: A health promotion intervention of 1 hour by a physician, followed an exercise course of 12 sessions in a group of men.
2. Control group: Health promotion intervention by a nurse practitioner for 1 hour. Cardiovascular and diabetes risks are assessed and the consultation focuses on perceived risk behaviour. The control group will receive the exercise intervention after one year.

All groups are followed up after 12 months.

Intervention type



Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measure

1. Cardiovascular risk assessed as FINNrisk based on lab analysis of HDL, LDL-Cholesterol, relative risk
(RR) and smoking habits measured at 0, 3 and 12 months
2. Exercise habits surveyed as exercise sessions per week at 0, 3, 6, and 12 months

Secondary outcome measures

1. Walking test, standardised UKK-walking test performed at 0, 3 and 12 months
2. Subjective well-being and health are measured on a continuous visual analogue scale (VAS) of 100mm at 0, 3, 6 and 12 months
3. Body composition 0, 3 and 12 months
4. Use of health services

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Age 35 – 45 years
2. At least two cardiovascular risk factors of the following:
2.1. BMI 27.0 - 34.0 Kg/m²
2.2. Waist circumference > 94 cm
3. Fasting glucose < 6.1 mmHg/l
4.Total plasma cholesterol >4 mmHg/l
5. LDL-cholesterol > 3.0 mmHg/l
6. Triglycerides >2.0 mmHg/l
7. Blood pressure > 140/90 mmHg
8. Currently engaged with:
8.1. Smoking
8.2. Cholesterol-lowering medication
8.3. Blood pressure-lowering medication

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. BMI over 34 (or any other physical barrier that prevents participation in the exercise intervention)
2. Active exerciser (exercises 3 times a week or more)
3. Carrier of an immediate health problem requiring treatment or a severe risk factor; for example, recently diagnosed or uncontrolled type I diabetes, or a symptomatic coronary artery disease.

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment


Trial participating centre

Finnish Medical Network

Sponsor information


Finnish Medical Network (Finland)

Sponsor details

c/o Dr Timo Kauppila
Liusketie 19 D 23

Sponsor type

Research organisation



Funder type


Funder name

University of Helsinki (Finland)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes