Condition category
Nutritional, Metabolic, Endocrine
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Prospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a condition which is not uncommon in middle and older age where the hormone Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is over produced in the body. This leads to high calcium levels in the blood, which can cause digestive symptoms, kidney stones, psychiatric abnormalities, and bone disease. A cure is achieved by surgically removing the parathyroid gland. PTH can also cause bone thinning (osteoporosis) which can lead to bones breaking easily. Patients with mild PHPT (asymptomatic PHPT) are often monitored rather than have surgery to remove the parathyroid gland(s), particularly if there is only modestly high calcium in the blood and/or there are no symptoms. However, the decision to refer patients for the operation somewhat depends on the effect of PHPT on the bones. Conventionally the bone assessment undertaken is just a measure of bone density (DEXA scan). However, there are now better ways of assessing bone health by determining the risk of fracture (e.g. the FRAX online tool – see: We aim to undertake a full fracture risk assessment using DEXA and FRAX and also measuring an important risk factor for bone fracture – risk of falls . We hope to find out whether the information from these tests affects whether a panel of experts would refer patients for an operation to remove the PTH gland or monitor the situation.

Who can participate?
Patients aged 50 or over with asymptomatic PHPT.

What does the study involve?
Participants undergo a DEXA examination, have back x-rays (to detect any previous spine fractures), a falls risk assessment and other basic clinical data will be collected simply in a research clinic, to enable us to make a FRAX fracture risk measure. A panel of specialists then considers all the information and decides whether the new information is enough to recommend a referral for surgery to remove the PTH gland (on the basis of their being high fracture risk) compared with previous bone assessments (bone density measurement by DEXA scan only).

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Participants may benefit if the new assessments lead to a strong recommendation for surgery compared to what would have been advised based on the previous assessments.

Where is the study run from?
Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust (UK).

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
April to July 2012.

Who is funding the study?
Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust R&D Department (UK).

Who is the main contact?
Dr Gavin Clunie

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Gavin Clunie


Contact details

Ipswich Hospital
Rheumatology Dept
United Kingdom

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

Evaluating fracture risk in asymptomatic and normocalcemic Primary Hyperparathyroidism (PHPT): a cohort study



Study hypothesis

To evaluate comprehensively using X-Ray, Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA), FRAX® fracture risk tool, falls risk assessment and clinical data, what the fracture risk is in patients with PHPT and evaluate whether, by expert consensus, the advice to manage PHPT is changed - essentially the advisability of immediate parathyroidectomy or long-term monitoring of the condition - in comparison to conventional assessment methods (NIH 2002 criteria)

Ethics approval

Not provided at time of registration

Study design

Cross-sectional clinical assessment study

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Cohort study

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Primary Hyperparathyroidism (PHPT)


Novel assessment methods: The overall term is 'comprehensive fracture risk assessment'. This uses:
1. Lateral spinal radiographs [Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA)} to evaluate whether previous spinal fractures have occurred
2. A composite fracture risk calculator/algorithm termed FRAX (
3. A falls risk evaluation

Intervention type



Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Number of participants where clinical advice for PHPT management is changed by the (study) fracture risk assessment, from expert consensus, compared with conventional assessment methods of fracture risk

Secondary outcome measures

Validity of DXA-based VDA (Vertebral Deformity Assessment) in identifying vertebral fracture in comparison to gold-standard radiograph assessment

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Patients >18y old
2. Male or female patients
3. Those who have an established diagnosis of a PHPT or must have been assessed by an Endocrinologist or Metabolic Bone Physician and then recommended to have non-surgical management of their PHPT

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. <18 years old
2. Those unable to give informed consent
3. Prisoners
4. Women who are preganant or breast feeding
5. Patients with PHPT who would not be suitable for either PTHx medically on safety grounds or where there are serious concerns about the success of an operation
6. Patients with FHH or other condition causing hypercalcemia

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Ipswich Hospital
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


Ipswich Hospital R&D Dept (UK)

Sponsor details

Heath Rd
United Kingdom

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre



Funder type

Hospital/treatment centre

Funder name

Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust R&D (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes