Condition category
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting
Publication status

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Rupture of the Achilles tendon (that attaches calf to the heel bone) is a serious and disabling injury. The condition can cause prolonged periods off work and away from sporting activity for much longer. Extended hospital stay and delayed healing have significant financial and health impact for the patient, the NHS and society as a whole. Therefore, it is important to find the best way to treat patients with this injury in order to get them back to their normal activity as quickly as possible. This study aims to find out the best treatment for an Achilles tendon rupture. We are comparing two treatments – one involves a walking boot and one involves a plaster cast, both are standard existing treatments.

Who can participate?
All patients coming with an acute Achilles tendon rupture will be invited to take part in this initial study. A total of 20 patients will be recruited.

What does the study involve?
All patients will be randomly allocated to either the walking boot group or the plaster cast group. The allocation process will be done by a computer and will be done purely by chance. All patients will be asked to fill out a questionnaire about their health and activities. These same questions will be asked on three occasions during the recovery process. The results we get from one treatment group will then be compared with the results we get from the other group.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
This research will inform a UK-wide study to ensure that all patients receive the best treatment in the future. We do not know which of these treatments gives the best results; both treatments are already available and used widely within the NHS.

Where is the study run from?
Warwick Clinical Trials Unit at the University of Warwick, UK.

When is study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
The study will start in November 2013 and is expected to run for two years.

Who is funding the study?
National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), UK.

Who is the main contact?
Dr Rebecca Kearney

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Rebecca Kearney


Contact details

Clifford Bridge Road
United Kingdom

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

Accelerated rehabilitation for patients with a rupture of the Achilles tendon: A mixed-methods approach to evaluating clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness



Study hypothesis

Eleven thousand patients sustain a torn Achilles tendon each year, yet our knowledge of rehabilitation following this injury is limited. This pilot project will investigate two different methods of rehabilitation: accelerated rehabilitation using a functional bracing protocol versus standard treatment in plaster cast.
To achieve this a national survey of doctors will be undertaken to find out about what current practice is. To design this survey a focus group consisting of approximately ten doctors will be consulted. This will be followed by inviting approximately twelve doctors who have responded to the survey to take part in an interview to gain feedback on their experience of this injury. This will be followed by inviting and interviewing ten patients who present to the University Hospitals of Coventry and Warwickshire with a torn Achilles tendon rupture, to inform the design of a pilot trial comparing the two treatments.

More details can be found here:

Ethics approval


Study design

Randomised; Interventional; Design type: Not specified, Treatment

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Topic: Musculoskeletal; Subtopic: Musculoskeletal (all Subtopics); Disease: Musculoskeletal


1. Plaster cast immobilisation: One treatment group will receive a plaster cast placed in a planter-flexed position, for a duration of eight weeks. During this period patients will be told not to bear weight until the final two weeks.
2. Walking Boot: One treatment group will receive a walking boot, in which the foot will be placed in a plantar-flexed position, for a duration of eight weeks. During this period patients will be told to weight bear immediately and remove the walking boot for short periods during the day to perform ankle range of movement exercises.

Intervention type



Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score - This is a patient reported outcome score containing ten items, for which patients are asked to respond using an 11 point Likert scale to measure the construct of `symptoms and physical activity'.

Secondary outcome measures

1. EQ-5D - A validated, generalised, quality of life questionnaire consisting of 5 domains related to daily activities with a 5-level answer possibility. The combination of answers leads to the QoL score.
2. SF12 - The Short-Form 12 is a validated and widely-used health-related quality of life measure
3. Complications - all complications will be recorded
4. Resource use will be monitored for the economic analysis.

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

1. All patients over 18 years presenting at either the University Hospitals of Coventry and Warwickshire with a primary acute rupture of their Achilles tendon (within 10 days of rupture) would be eligible to take part.
Target Gender: Male & Female ; Lower Age Limit 18 years

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants

Planned Sample Size: 30; UK Sample Size: 30

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Patients presenting after 14 days from injury or with a history of previous Achilles tendon rupture would be excluded.
2. Patients who had other serious injuries to either lower limb that would alter the intervention and subsequent rehabilitation would also be excluded. This is in addition to patients who are unable to adhere to trial procedures, with explicit reasons documented and reported.

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

University Hospital, Coventry
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


University of Warwick (UK)

Sponsor details

University House
Kirby Corner Road
United Kingdom

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name

NIHR Trainees Coordinating Centre (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

2015 results in:

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes