Plain English Summary
Background and study aims
Neonatal sepsis is a blood infection that occurs in babies younger than 90 days old. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections but some bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics. In Vietnam little is known about the clinical features of neonatal sepsis, antibiotic susceptibility and resistance, and how these impact on disease and outcome. To address this, the aim of this study is to assess the clinical characteristics of babies with sepsis and to investigate the bacteria causing sepsis, including their resistance to antibiotics.
Who can participate?
Babies aged under 1 month with sepsis
What does the study involve?
The clinical characteristics of babies with sepsis are recorded and blood samples are taken to study the bacteria causing sepsis and their susceptibility to antibiotics. The impact of specific bacteria and antibiotic resistance on patient outcomes (mortality, length of stay and cost of treatment) is assessed.
What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
The results of this study could be used to improve the treatment of bloodstream infections and run further studies focused on preventing sepsis. This is a minimal risk study because it does not involve any new drugs or treatments. The collection of all blood samples for use in this study is performed as part of routine clinical assessments and is consistent with the local standard of care and good clinical practice.
Where is the study run from?
Children’s Hospital 1 and the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit (OUCRU-VN) (Vietnam)
When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
August 2016 to December 2020
Who is funding the study?
Wellcome Trust (UK)
Who is the main contact?
Dr Toan Nguyen
Dr Toan Nguyen
84 De Tham Street
Cau Ong Lanh Ward
Ho Chi Minh
The clinical features, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and genomics of bacteria causing neonatal sepsis in a children’s hospital in Vietnam: an observational prospective study
There are limited contemporary data on the causes of bacterial sepsis in neonates in Vietnam. The trialists hypothesize that there has been a dramatic surge in multi-drug resistant Gram-negative organisms and the emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
The aim is to investigate the clinical features, major causes of neonatal sepsis, distribution of pathogens, their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and the genomics of bacteria as well as their association with disease outcome.
The trialists hope that by studying and defining aetiology, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and disease outcome they will be able to develop an improved approach to managing neonatal sepsis and will use these data to initiate intervention studies focused on preventing bloodstream infections with antimicrobial resistant pathogens in neonates with sepsis.
Oxford Tropical Research Ethics Committee (OxTREC), 04/08/2016, ref: 35-16
Observational prospective study
Primary study design
Secondary study design
Patient information sheet
Not available in web format, please use the contact details to request a patient information sheet
An observational prospective study to characterize the clinical features of neonates with sepsis, the microbial population structure, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and the antimicrobial resistance genes of the bacteria causing that sepsis. Routinely, the investigators record on the paper case report form the data including demographic, clinical and laboratory information of the patients, the date of blood draw, the number of blood culture bottles inoculated, the result of the culture (whether positive or negative) and the susceptibility of the isolate to commonly used antimicrobial agents. Data from these records are subsequently entered into CliRes Data Management System of Oxford University Clinical Research Unit. These will be source data for this study. The number of patients admitted to the hospital annually will be obtained from hospital records. As part of this study all isolates from blood are stored and archived at -800C. These isolates will be re-cultured and the identification will be re-confirmed. Selected isolated organisms from blood will have further molecular characterization at a later date.
Primary outcome measures
1. Clinical characteristics of neonates with sepsis, recorded on a case report form during hospital stay from admission to discharge
2. The etiology of neonatal sepsis and the distribution of pathogens by clinical departments, assessed using the blood culture results including the isolation and identification information recorded on a case report form during hospital stay from admission to discharge
3. Antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance of isolated bacteria, assessed using disc testing, minimum inhibitory concentrations, conventional PCR and genome sequencing of resistance genes, during hospital stay from admission to discharge
4. The impact of specific bacteria and antimicrobial resistance profile on patient outcomes (mortality, length of stay and cost of treatment), recorded on a case report form during hospital stay at day 7, day 14, day 21 and day 28 after admission and at discharge
5. Genome sequence profile of isolated bacteria, assessed using Illumina whole genome sequencing at the end of recruitment
Secondary outcome measures
1. Antimicrobial resistance profile and gene distribution of the isolated bacteria by clinical departments, assessed using disc testing, minimum inhibitory concentrations, conventional PCR and genome sequencing of resistance genes, at the end of recruitment
2. The population structure of the isolated bacteria, the antimicrobial resistance gene pool and other horizontally transferred DNA, assessed by genome sequencing at the end of recruitment
Overall trial start date
Overall trial end date
Participant inclusion criteria
1. Neonates (≤1 month of age)
2. Diagnosis of probable sepsis or confirmed sepsis
3. Have blood culture taken
4. Inpatient at local hospital between 2017 and 2018
5. Informed consent given by parents or guardians
Target number of participants
Participant exclusion criteria
Informed consent not given
Recruitment start date
Recruitment end date
Countries of recruitment
Trial participating centre
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit
Funding Body Type
private sector organisation
Funding Body Subtype
Results and Publications
Publication and dissemination plan
The study will be reported according to the STROBE guidance for reporting observational studies. The contributions of all investigators will be recognized in authorship allocation. The authors (and their respective positions in the author list) will be agreed prior to the start of the study in accordance with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Data from this study is of substantial interest to the scientific and clinical research communities. In line with Wellcome Trust policy that the results of publicly-funded research should be freely available, manuscripts arising from this study will, wherever possible, be submitted to peer-reviewed journals which enable Open Access via UK PubMed Central (PMC) within six months of the official date of final publication. All publications will acknowledge the trial's funding sources. In line with research transparency and greater access to data sharing policy of Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in Vietnam will be implemented. This policy is based on a controlled access approach with a restriction on data release that would compromise an ongoing trial or study. Data exchange complies with Information Governance and Data Security Policies in all of the relevant countries.
IPD sharing statement
The current data sharing plans for the current study are unknown and will be made available at a later date
Intention to publish date
Participant level data
To be made available at a later date
Results - basic reporting