Condition category
Injury, Occupational Diseases, Poisoning
Date applied
29/08/2007
Date assigned
16/10/2007
Last edited
24/08/2012
Prospective/Retrospective
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Prof Michael Nicholson

ORCID ID

Contact details

Department of Renal Transplantation
Leicester General Hospital
Gwendolen Road
Leicester
LE5 4PW
United Kingdom
+44 (0)116 258 4604

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

RMRCTV1

Study information

Scientific title

Acronym

Study hypothesis

Most renal transplants last between 8-10 years. The commonest cause of their failure is chronic allograft nephropathy - a pathological process where the kidney becomes fibrotic. This fibrosis is partly due to calcineurin inhibitors- the immunosupressants which protect the transplant.

The hypothesis to be tested in this study is that a combination of Myfortic and Sirolimus can be used to eliminate the calcineurin inhibitor Tacrolimus at 3 months post renal transplantation, thereby avoiding the long term detrimental effects of Tacrolimus on the development of renal allograft fibrosis.

Ethics approval

1. UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) approval obtained on 01/08/2007
2. The Central Office for Research Ethics Committees (COREC) approval pending minor changes to study literature as of 15/08/2007. (Nottingham Research Ethics Committee 2, 1 Standard Court, Park Row, Nottingham, NG1 6GN, UK). We will submit to local ethics review body (Leicester General Hospital) when central ethics approval has been gained.

Study design

A single-centre open randomised controlled trial.

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Hospitals

Trial type

Not Specified

Patient information sheet

Condition

Renal transplantation

Intervention

Patients will be randomised to one of two drug regimens at three months post transplantation:

Regimen 1:
Tacrolimus: Twice daily oral doses as specified by attending physician to obtain trough levels of 5-15 ng/ml
Prednisolone: Once daily 20 mg oral dose. This will be reduced to 5 mg daily over two months.
Myfortic: Twice daily 720 mg oral dose

Regimen 2:
Sirolimus: Once daily oral dose as specified by attending physician to obtain trough levels of 10-15 ng/ml
Prednisolone: Once daily 20 mg oral dose. This will be reduced to 5 mg daily over two months.
Myfortic: Thrice daily 360 mg oral dose

Duration of interventions: 2 years

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Not Specified

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

1. Renal allograft fibrosis at 6 months post-trial entry
2. Renal function as measured by change in the slope of the eGFR over a period of at least 2 years (least squares method)

Secondary outcome measures

1. Change in cystatin C concentrations at 6 and 12 months compared to baseline
2. Incidence of biopsy proven acute rejection. The diagnosis and graded severity of acute renal allograft rejection will be made by employing the 1997 Banff criteria
3. Renal allograft profibrotic gene expression determined by Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)
4. Patient and graft survival at 6, 12 and 24 months post-trial entry
5. Comparison of blood pressure and the requirements for anti hypertensive therapy
6. Comparison of hyperlipidaemia (to include cholesterol, triglycerides, Low Density Lipoprotein [LDL] and High Density Lipoproteins [HDL]) and the requirement for treatment of elevated lipids
7. Proteinuria assessed by 24 hour urinary protein at 3, 6 and 12 months
8. Quality of life differences on the 36-item Short Form health survey (SF-36) at 6 and 12 months compared to baseline

Overall trial start date

01/10/2007

Overall trial end date

01/10/2009

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

Patients will be eligible for the trial if all of the following criteria are met:
1. Age greater than or equal to 18 years
2. Patients receiving a primary or secondary renal allograft from a living related, living unrelated or heart-beating cadaveric donor
3. Patients with second transplants must have maintained their primary graft for at least six months after transplantation (with the exception of graft failure due to technical reasons)
4. Stable renal allograft function over the first 3 months post transplant
5. An absence of subclinical rejection on the 3 month protocol biopsy
6. A negative pregnancy test pre-protocol biopsy
7. Signed written informed consent

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Adult

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

42

Participant exclusion criteria

Patients will not be eligible for the trial if any of the following criteria apply:
1. Kidney transplantation from a non heart-beating donor
2. Patients suffering an acute rejection episode in the first 3 months post transplant with a Banff classification of 1b or above
3. Sub-clinical rejection seen in the 3-month protocol biopsy
4. Proteinuria >500 mg/24 hours
5. Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) <40 mls/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula)
6. Evidence of active systemic or localised major infection at study entry
7. Known hypersensitivity to Tacrolimus, macrolide antibiotics or Myfortic
8. Use of any investigational drug or treatments within 28 days before study entry
9. Known or suspected malignancy within five years before study entry
10. Any condition which in the opinion of the investigator makes the patient unsuitable for entry into the study

Recruitment start date

01/10/2007

Recruitment end date

01/10/2009

Locations

Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Department of Renal Transplantation
Leicester
LE5 4PW
United Kingdom

Sponsor information

Organisation

University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust (UK)

Sponsor details

Leicester General Hospital
Gwendolen Road
Leicester
LE5 4PW
United Kingdom
+44 (0)116 258 4604
yashajohari@doctors.net.uk

Sponsor type

Government

Website

Funders

Funder type

Government

Funder name

University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Funder name

Funding is also being sought from Wyeth Pharma and Novartis

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes