Condition category
Nutritional, Metabolic, Endocrine
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Prof Nicholas Finer


Contact details

University College London Hospitals
Division of Bariatric Medicine and Surgery
3rd Floor Central Wing
250 Euston Road
United Kingdom
+44 0845 1555000 ext 4962

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title


Study hypothesis

What is the effect of weight loss and weight loss maintenance on heart function (cardiac reserve) in obese heart failure patients? We aim to investigate heart function and cardiac reserve (the ability of the heart to respond to exercise) before and after therapeutic weight loss in obese patients with mild to moderate heart failure.

Ethics approval

Not provided at time of registration

Study design

Randomised controlled trial

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Not specified

Trial type


Patient information sheet


Nutritional, Metabolic, Endocrine: Obesity


This is a randomised controlled study of intensive diet with weight loss against non-intervention in obese patients with heart failure. The non-intervention group is included to provide information on the background progression or regression of heart failure without weight loss and in the situation where it is not possible to provide a placebo weight loss diet. Patients will be informed that they may be randomised to this control group and will not be receiving a therapeutic intervention. Since the study is designed to assess the benefit (or harm) of weight loss, it is ethically appropriate for such a non-intervention control group. Since it seems unlikely that there will be significant changes in cardiac function in the non-intervention group over the study period of 16 weeks, randomisation will be 3:1.

The main study has been powered on the basis of published data. The power calculations are estimated on the basis of the difference in peak vO2 measurements. Assuming a peak oxygen utilisation (VO2) during exercise of 19 (SD 3.9) ml/kg/min 24 subjects will be required to detect a 10% improvement in peak VO2 after weight loss with a p value of <0.05, power 85%). A pilot study in 6 patients (non-randomised, and receiving the intensive diet intervention) will be undertaken before the main study and will be used to provide information to confirm (or alter) the power calculations.

Obese patients with heart failure will be recruited from the cardiology clinic at Addenbrooke’s hospital. Subjects will be given information leaflets about the study so that they can read and discuss them at home prior to giving consent at a later date (>48 hours). After an initial screening visit, at which patients will give informed consent, measurements will be made of peak VO2, blood parameters, and heart function. Based on these results, patients will be informed whether or not they meet the inclusion/exclusion criteria. If they do, at the subsequent visit (measurement baseline) they will be randomised to the active intervention or control group. They will be randomised to either intensive dietary intervention (intervention group) or observation (control group). Both groups will therefore attend one screening visit, and 3 measurement visits (week 0, 6 and 16). The active intervention group will also attend for weekly and then two-weekly interim visits so that their diet can be monitored and managed. The control group will make only one interim visit at week 10.

Subjects will attend the Clinical Research Facility (CRF) at Addenbrooke’s Hospital Centre for Clinical Investigation (ACCI) at 9am on the study day. Subjects will stay overnight (i.e. for 36 hours) and all measurements listed will be performed during the stay in the CRF. These are: peak VO2 during supervised exercise on a treadmill, measurements of left ventricular function by either echocardiography or MRI, heart rate variability using standard electronic recording devices, body composition using standard techniques, plasma BNP levels and other blood measures, quality of life measurement by standard questionnaire, and spontaneous physical activity using a commercially available recording device.

A low calorie liquid diet will be provided to the intervention group. This dietary regimen is routinely used to achieve initial weight loss by specialists at weight loss management clinics worldwide and also in the Obesity Clinic at Addenbrooke’s Hospital. Patients will continue this diet for 6 weeks with regular weekly interim follow up. This will be followed by weight loss maintenance diet, the energy value of which will be calculated from standard equation relating height, weight and age to basal metabolic rate.

This study design will allow us to separate effects from acute weight loss and a stable lowered body weight.

The study has been designed with consultation and involvement of experts in obesity, cardiology, and nutrition. The diet intervention is informed by many years experience, including patient feedback and audit, from the setting of an NHS obesity clinic and other clinical trials. For this reason patient involvement in the design of this study was deemed unnecessary.

Intervention type



Not Specified

Drug names

Primary outcome measure

Peak oxygen consumption during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (Peak VO2) following acute weight loss (week 6) and weight loss maintenance phase(16 weeks)

Secondary outcome measures

Not provided at time of registration

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)


Participant inclusion criteria

38 patients. Pilot study: 6 patients will be recruited for active dietary intervention. Main study: 24 patients will be recruited for the active dietary intervention and 8 patients for the control.
Inclusion criteria:
1. Obese patients defined at body mass index (BMI) of above 30 and <40 kg/m2 (excessive body weight will preclude exercise and accurate imaging)
2. Stable heart failure patients of NHYA (New York Heart Association) class II or III (patients must be able to undertake exercise testing). Diagnosis of heart failure will be based on standard criteria of symptoms of more than 6 months with confirmed LVEF impairment on echocardiogram
3. Age above 25 and below 70 years (to ensure patients can participate with the exercise etc)

Participant type


Age group



Not Specified

Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. Unable to give informed consent
2. Subjects with renal impairment defined by creatinine >170 Μmol/l (inappropriate to include patients with more complex
illness in this study).
3. Patients with Diabetes Mellitus on antidiabetic medication (other
than metformin - diet and weight loss would require alteration of insulin or non-metformin diabetes treatment, complicating assessments)
4. Heart failure patients of NHYA (New York Heart Association) class <II or >III (patients must be able to undertake exercise testing)

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

University College London Hospitals
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


Record Provided by the NHSTCT Register - 2006 Update - Department of Health

Sponsor details

The Department of Health
Richmond House
79 Whitehall
United Kingdom
+44 (0)20 7307 2622

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name

Cambridge Consortium - Addenbrooke's (UK) Own Account

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

2008 abstract: Effects of Rapid Weight Loss and Short-Term Weight Loss Maintenance in Obese Patients with Cardiovascular Risks and/or Heart Failure: a Pilot Study. Myint, KS; Northcott, S; Heck, P; Wright, A;Murgatroyd, P; Dutka, D; Brown, M;Ashby, M; Dhatariya, K; Finer, N. Obesity 16, S155. As part of poster session published in (page 59/86)

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes