Condition category
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Scott Kitchell


Contact details

1200 Hilyard
United States of America

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

A Non-Randomised Controlled Clinical Trial Evaluating a Total Disc Replacement in Patients with Cervical Disc Disease


Study hypothesis

This study will be a non-randomized trial consisting of patients with single level (C3 to C7) symptomatic cervical disc disease who have not previously received fusion surgery at the same level, and have failed to improve with conservative treatment for at least 6 weeks prior to enrollment, or who present with progressive neurological symptoms or signs in the face of conservative treatment.

Ethics approval

The medical ethics committee of El Centro Medico Hospital del Prado approved on the 15th of April 2010 (ref: NUVA-CP-0904)

Study design

Non-randomized multicentre historically controlled

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Non randomised controlled trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use contact details to request a patient information sheet


Degenerative Disc Disease


Cervical spinal reconstruction

Intervention type



Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Individual patient success at 24 months, tested using Blackwelder’s method for testing non-inferiority with delta of 10%.
Success is defined as:
1. Improvement in the Neck Disability Index (NDI) by ≥ 15 points at 24 months compared to Baseline
2. No device failures requiring revision, re-operation (including supplemental fixation), or removal from the patient
3. No device-related serious adverse event and
4. Maintenance or improvement of neurologic status (based on sensory, motor, and reflex assessment scores and observational gait analysis)

Secondary outcome measures

1. Range of Motion (ROM) defined as more than 3 degrees total flexion / extension. If the ROM is less than or equal to 3º the patient will be defined as having 'non-motion'
2. Fusion (defined as ≤ 3° of ROM at the operative level, absence of radiolucent lines around ≥ 50% of the implant, and no displacement or migration of the device (defined as > 3mm abnormal movement measured from AP and lateral plain films)
3. SF-36 improvement of ≥ 15% at 24 months compared to Baseline
4. Visual analog pain scale (VAS) improvement of ≥ 20 mm at 24 months compared to Baseline
5. Disc height from the lateral radiograph showing maintenance or improvement from Baseline at 24 months

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Age: 18-60 years of age (inclusive and skeletally mature)
2. A diagnosis of symptomatic cervical disc disease, defined as image-confirmed pathology: herniated disc, spondylosis, and/or loss of disc height. Spondylosis is defined as image-confirmed disc desiccation, loss of disc height, bridging osteophytes, and/or uncovertebral arthrosis. Loss of disc height is specified as a measurement of at least 25% less than an adjacent nonsymptomatic level, but with a minimum of 1mm height remaining
3. Functional neurological deficit (i.e., exhibits at least one sign associated with cervical level to be treated, including abnormal reflex, decreased motor strength, abnormal dermatome sensitivity, or pain in a dermatomal distribution);
4. Symptomatic level is C3-4, C4-5, C5-6 or C6-7 (one level)
5. Preoperative Neck Disability Index (NDI) ≥ 30 points (considered moderate disability; Vernon 1991);
6. Unresponsive to conservative treatment for ≥ 6 weeks, and/or exhibits progressive symptoms and/or signs of nerve root and/or spinal cord compression in the face of conservative treatment
7. Not pregnant, nor interested in becoming pregnant within the follow-up period of the study
8. Willing and able to comply with the requirements defined in the protocol for the duration of the study
9. Signed and dated Informed Consent

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. Prior cervical fusion, prior laminectomy (prior cervical laminotomy that has not violated the facets need not be excluded), and/or prior cervical facetectomy at the operative level
2. Requiring surgical treatment that would leave the patient with a postoperative deficiency of the posterior elements
3. Signal changes in the cord on preoperative T2-weighted MRI and/or clinically significant myelopathy which would be described as gait disturbance, loss of manual dexterity, or bowel or bladder incontinence/retention.
4. Radiographic signs of significant instability at operative level (> 3mm translation, > 11° rotation different from adjacent level)
5. Bridging osteophytes or motion < 3°
6. Radiographic confirmation of significant facet joint disease or degeneration
7. Chronic neck or arm pain of unknown etiology
8. Cervical fracture, anatomic anomaly, or deformity (e.g. ankylosing spondylitis, scoliosis) at the levels to which the prosthesis will be attached
9. Severe spondylolisthesis (greater than grade 1)
10. Endocrine disorders or connective tissue diseases
11. Rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune disease
12. Progressive neuromuscular disease, e.g., muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis
13. Chronic steroid users
14. Taking any medications or drugs in doses that are known to potentially interfere with the bone metabolism or soft tissue healing, which may include (but is not limited to) the following: inhaled glucocorticoids for asthma, corticosteroids, thyroid hormones, blood thinners (heparin, warfarin), gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists for prostate cancer treatment, contraceptive medroxyprogesterone, lithium for bi-polar disorder treatment, anticonvulsants, aluminum-containing antacids, tetracycline
15. Osteoporosis to a degree that spinal instrumentation would be contraindicated (DEXA T-score less than or equal to -2.5; DEXA necessary only if patient exhibits risk factors for low bone mass as quantified in DEXA screening questionnaire)
16. Diabetes mellitus requiring insulin management
17. Presence of metastases or active spinal tumor malignancy
18. Body Mass Index (BMI) > 40
19. Active local or systemic infection, including AIDS, hepatitis
20. Having been enrolled in another investigational device study within the last 90 days
21. Having had another cervical device implanted that would interfere with the surgical approach, study or control device, or follow-up evaluations
22. Demonstrates 3 or more signs of nonorganic behavior, such as Waddell’s signs
23. History of substance abuse
24. Involved in spinal litigation
25. Mentally incompetent
26. Incarcerated

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment


Trial participating centre

1200 Hilyard
United States of America

Sponsor information


Nuvasive Inc. (USA)

Sponsor details

7475 Lusk Blvd
San Diego
United States of America

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name

Nuvasive Inc. (USA)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes