Condition category
Cancer
Date applied
30/04/2012
Date assigned
08/05/2012
Last edited
30/11/2015
Prospective/Retrospective
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Radiotherapy is a widely used treatment for various types of cancer. The aim of radiotherapy is to precisely target a tumour with x-rays whilst limiting the volume of normal tissue exposed to radiation. Normal skin tissue is sensitive to radiation. During a course of radiotherapy, temporary skin reactions are common. Some reactions are immediate, while others may be later (e.g., months after treatment). Radiation dermatitis occurs to some degree in most patients receiving radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy. Radiation dermatitis can be painful and embarrassing, and has been associated with decreased quality of life. Severe radiodermatitis can cause treatment to be changed or delayed, which may reduce the effectiveness of the radiotherapy. Each treatment centre has its own ways to treat radiation dermatitis. However, apart from altering the radiotherapy treatment itself, no treatments have been shown to reduce the incidence of radiation dermatitis. There is therefore a need for studies to test the effectiveness of new treatments compared to standard skin-care treatment for radiation dermatitis. Water-Jel Technologies develop and manufacture products to treat patients who develop thermal burns. Audits showed that many hospitals were using Water-Jel’s regular burn dressings on patients who had skin reactions following radiotherapy. As these products were not designed to treat this condition, Water-Jel undertook extensive research to develop a new compound to specifically treat these skin reactions. The aim of this study is to compare standard skin care with a new topical treatment (R1&R2) for the treatment of radiation dermatitis in patients undergoing radiation therapy for head and neck cancer.

Who can participate?
Patients aged 18 and over with head and neck cancer receiving platin-based radiochemotherapy.

What does the study involve?
Participants are randomly allocated to one of two groups. One group is treated with topical R1&R2 and the other group receives standard treatment. The number of patients with radiation dermatitis during the treatment and the 55-65 day follow-up period is recorded.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Treatment with R1&R2 may reduce the severity of radiation dermatitis. To date there have been no reports of side effects or any adverse reactions to the treatment.

Where is the study run from?
Radiotherapy departments in Czech Republic, Spain, Germany, Austria, and in the UK.

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
April 2011 to October 2012.

Who is funding the study?
Water-Jel Technologies (UK).

Who is the main contact?
Dr Karin Potthoff

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Scientific

Primary contact

Dr Karin Potthoff

ORCID ID

Contact details

Heidelberg University Hospital [Universitatskinikum Heidelberg]
Klink fur Radioonkologie und Strahlentherapie
Heidelberg
69120
Germany

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

N/A

Study information

Scientific title

Evaluation of the effects of topical R1 and R2 for prophylaxis of acute radiation dermatitis in patients with head and neck cancer receiving platin-based radio-chemotherapy

Acronym

Cream-1

Study hypothesis

The trial is designed as a randomized trial with a 1:1 assignment to the two groups.

The primary objective is to show, that the rate of patients experiencing a radiodermatitis with a maximum grade of 3 or 4 (according to the NCI CTCAE classification, V. 4.03) during the treatment and the 55-65 day follow-up period is considerably and clinically relevantly decreased by the application of topical R1 and R2. Thus, the hypothesis formulation, as well as the test of the primary endpoint, is one-sided:

H0: radiodermatitis rate (R1 & R2) ≥ radiodermatitis rate (control)
H1: radiodermatitis rate (R1 & R2) < radiodermatitis rate (control)

Ethics approval

Ethics Committee of the Medical Faculty Heidelberg [Ethikkommission der Medizinischen Fakultät Heidelberg], 28/02/2011

Study design

National multicenter study

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Randomised controlled trial

Trial setting

Hospitals

Trial type

Treatment

Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please contact info@waterjel.net to request a patient information sheet

Condition

This is a national multicenter study to assess acute radiodermatitis in patients with non-metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) receiving platin-based radiochemotherapy

Intervention

Rate of radiodermatitis grade 3 and 4 in patients receiving topical R1&R2 will be compared to patients receiving standard treatment of the institution by Fisher’s exact text, with 95% confidence intervals provided for the odds ratio and the rate difference.

Analysis populations:
Intent-to-treat population: This population will include all patients who are eligible for the suggested treatment protocol, regardless of whether they receive radiochemotherapy, R1 and R2 or other supportive care. This will be the primary population for evaluating the primary endpoint, all efficacy endpoints as well as patient characteristics.
Per-protocol population: A sensitivity analysis is performed in the subgroup of patients receiving the full course of radiochemotherapy administered according to the study plan (or with treatment stopped due to radiodermatitis)

Safety population: All patients having received at least one application of R1&R2 therapy are evaluable for device safety.

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

Improvement of rate of acute radiation induced dermatitis (“radiodermatitis”) grade 3/4 during platin-based radiochemotherapy. Severity graded by the National Cancer Institute, Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] Version 4.03

Secondary outcome measures

1. Rate of radiodermatitis grade 1 and 2
2. Objective Response rate (ORR)
3. Locoregional control (LRC)
4. Progression free survival (PFS)
5. Overall survival (OS)
6. Safety profile of R1 and R2
7. Safety profile of applied radiation protocol
8. Quality of Life (QoL)

Overall trial start date

01/04/2011

Overall trial end date

01/10/2012

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Histologically confirmed non-metastatic squamous-cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, oro- or hypopharynx and larynx (adjuvant or additive radiochemotherapy post surgery, i.e. R0-, R1- or Rx-resection) or primary definitive treatment concept in patients with LASCCHN UICC stadium III, IVA or IVB) or patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma
2. Platin-based radiochemotherapy
3. ECOG Performance Status of 0-2
4. More than or equal to 18 years of age
5. Life expectancy of at least 6 months
6. Signed and dated informed consent before the start of specific protocol procedures
7. Women of childbearing potential must have had a negative serum or urine beta-HCG pregnancy test within 7 days prior to the first administration of study treatment or must have a documented condition that prohibits pregnancy (e.g. post-menopausal; hysterectomy)
8. Patients enrolled in this trial must be willing to use effective birth control measures during the course of the trial and the subsequent 2 months

Participant type

Patient

Age group

Adult

Gender

Both

Target number of participants

102

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Distant metastases
2. Previous radiotherapy for carcinoma of the head and neck
3. Participation in other clinical trial within 30 days prior to start of study treatment
4. Concomitant treatment with epidermal growth factor (EGFR) targeted therapy.
5. Known hypersensitive reaction to any of the components of study treatments
6. Previous or concurrent cancer within 5 years prior to study entry that is distinct in primary site or histology except adequately treated basal cell carcinoma or pre-invasive cervical carcinoma.
7. Pregnant or breast-feeding patients
8. Substance abuse, medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with the patient’s participation in the study or evaluation of the study results as judged by the investigator

Notes:
The applied platin-based chemotherapy in combination with radiotherapy could be Cisplatin or Carboplatin or Cisplatin/5-Fluorouracil or Carboplatin/5-Fluorouracil.
The indication for radiochemotherapy could be an adjuvant or an additive or a primary definitive treatment concept. Furthermore, a patient previously treated with induction chemotherapy is allowed to participate in this trial.
Previous exposure to epidermal growth factor (EGFR) targeted therapy is allowed. Concomitant treatment with EGFR targeted therapy is an exclusion criterion.

Recruitment start date

01/04/2011

Recruitment end date

01/10/2012

Locations

Countries of recruitment

Germany

Trial participating centre

Heidelberg University Hospital [Universitatskinikum Heidelberg]
Heidelberg
69120
Germany

Sponsor information

Organisation

Water-Jel Technologies (UK)

Sponsor details

3&4 Mead Business Centre
Mead Lane
Hertfordshire
Hertford
SG13 7BJ UK
United Kingdom

Sponsor type

Industry

Website

http://www.waterjel.net/

Funders

Funder type

Industry

Funder name

Water-Jel Technologies (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes