Condition category
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aim
A central venous catheter (CVC) is a device inserted into a large vein for drug and fluid administration, cardiovascular (heart) monitoring and kidney support. It is commonly used in critically ill patients or those having major surgery. A CVC can be inserted in the neck (internal jugular), close to the chest (subclavian) or in groin veins (femoral). When inserted in the internal jugular or subclavian veins, a chest x-ray is usually performed afterwards to confirm the catheter is in the correct position and check for injury to the lung (pneumothorax). In the past CVC placement was done as a ‘blind’ procedure based on anatomical landmarks. In 2002 the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommended the use of ultrasound to guide CVC insertion. The use of ultrasound has improved the success rate and reduced the complications previously associated with CVC insertion. This study addresses the question of whether ultrasound can serve as a diagnostic tool following CVC insertion instead of a chest x-ray.

Who can participate?
Adult patients in whom the attending Intensivist or Anaesthetist decides to insert a CVC and for which a chest x-ray would normally be performed.

What does the study involve?
The decision to insert a CVC is based on the clinical judgement of the attending Intensivist or Anaesthetist. After CVC insertion a member of the research team is contacted to perform the ultrasound examination. The standard series of ultrasound images is checked to confirm the correct CVC position, and identify catheter misplacement or punctured lung (pneumothorax). The ability to record these standard ultrasound images, the quality of the images and the image findings are recorded by the researcher. All patients subsequently have a chest x-ray as is the normal practice after CVC insertion. The accuracy of information provided by the ultrasound is compared to that from the chest x-ray.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
All patients will have a chest x-ray, which is the normal check, in addition to an ultrasound examination. This should increase the chance of diagnosing any complications. The ultrasound examination is non-invasive and does not cause pain or discomfort.

Where is the study run from?
The Royal Sussex County Hospital (UK)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
June 2012 to May 2013

Who is funding the study?
The Royal Sussex County Hospital (UK)

Who is the main contact?
Dr J.A. Ezihe-Ejiofor

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr J. Adanma Ezihe-Ejiofor


Contact details

The Royal Sussex County Hospital
Department of Anaesthetics
United Kingdom
+44 (0)1273 696 955

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

Can ultrasound examination safely replace chest radiography after central venous catheter insertion? A feasibility study


Study hypothesis

An ultrasound examination can produce images of sufficient diagnostic quality to enable it serve as a post procedure check instead of chest x-ray after central venous catheter insertion. This will obviate the need for routine chest x-ray, avoid unnecessary patient exposure to radiation and minimize delays in starting therapy while waiting for radiography.

Ethics approval

Not provided at time of registration

Study design

Prospective cross-over trial

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Randomised cross over trial

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Central venous catheter insertion and ultrasound examination


All patients will have an ultrasound examination of the heart and chest post CVC insertion.

Intervention type



Not Applicable

Drug names

Primary outcome measure

1. Successful use of the ultrasound examination to generate images of sufficient diagnostic quality to facilitate a post CVC insertion check.
2. Successful use of the images generated in (a) to enable the operator:
2.1. Identify correct CVC tip position
2.2. Exclude CVC misplacement
2.3. Exclude a pneumothorax

Secondary outcome measures

1. The time taken to complete the ultrasound examination
2. The time taken from contacting the radiology department to the chest radiograph becoming available to view on the Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS)

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned (if study stopped)

Lack of staff/facilities/resources


Participant inclusion criteria

Adult patients in whom the attending clinician plans to insert a central venous catheter (CVC) into the internal jugular or subclavian vein and for which a routine post procedural chest x-ray would normally be done.

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. Patients less than 16 years old
2. Adult patients in whom the attending clinician plans to insert a central venous catheter (CVC) into the groin (femoral) vein as a chest x-ray is not normally done for this insertion route
3. Patients who refuse to give consent for the ultrasound examination

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

The Royal Sussex County Hospital
United Kingdom

Sponsor information


Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust (UK)

Sponsor details

The Royal Sussex County Hospital
Eastern Road
United Kingdom
+44 (0)1273 696 955

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre



Funder type

Hospital/treatment centre

Funder name

Royal Sussex County Hospital (UK)

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Basic results (scientific)

Publication list

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes

15/05/2018: Principal investigator has confirmed that trial was stopped early and no publication of results is expected. 11/05/2018: No publications found, verifying study status with principal investigator 01/03/2016: No publications found, verifying study status with principal investigator