Condition category
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Not provided at time of registration

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Dr Paul Nathan


Contact details

Mount Vernon Hospital
United Kingdom
+44 (0)1923 84 4729

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number


Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title


Study hypothesis

1. To determine the safety and tolerability of three dose levels of Combretastatin A4 Phosphate (CA4P) given IntraVenously (IV) in combination with bevacizumab every 14 days in subjects with advanced solid tumours. The Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) will be defined if it is at one of the three dose levels under study
2. To obtain preliminary information on the anti-tumour activity of CA4P when administered in combination with bevacizumab
3. To assess the pharmacodynamic anti-tumour activity of CA4P in combination with bevacizumab utilising Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) for those patients with suitable lesions
4. To obtain pharmacokinetic information on the combination of CA4P and bevacizumab
5. To assess the effect of CA4P alone and the combination of CA4P and bevacizumab on circulating Endothelial Progenitor Cells (EPCs)

Please note that the anticipated end recruitment date of this trial has been extended to September 2007. The previous anticipated end date of this trial was 30/06/2007.

Ethics approval

NHS Leeds (East) Research Ethics Committee, 27/06/2006, REC reference number: 06/Q1206/89

Study design

Open-label multi-centre ascending-dose single-arm study

Primary study design


Secondary study design


Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet

Not available in web format, please use the contact details below to request a patient information sheet


Advanced solid tumours


CA4P will be given IV as a single agent therapy on day one and then once every 14 days in combination with bevacizumab beginning on day eight. Three subjects will be evaluated at each dose level (three dose levels). If a Dose-Limiting Toxicity (DLT) is seen in one subject, the cohort will be expanded to six subjects. If two or more subjects experience a DLT, the cohort at the preceding level will be expanded to six subjects. If the MTD is not found to be at one of the three dose levels under study, no further dose escalation will be performed. At the end of the treatment schedule, if a subject is showing clinical benefit, the subject may continue to receive additional cycles at the discretion of the Principal Investigator (PI) and agreement of the sponsor.

Intervention type



Phase I

Drug names

Combretastatin A4 Phosphate (CA4P) and bevacizumab.

Primary outcome measures

To determine the safety and tolerability of three dose levels of CA4P given IV in combination with bevacizumab every 14 days in subjects with advanced solid tumors. The MTD will be defined if it is at one of the three dose levels under study.

Secondary outcome measures

1. To obtain preliminary information on the antitumor activity of CA4P when administered in combination with bevacizumab
2. To assess the pharmacodynamic anti-tumor activity of CA4P in combination with bevacizumab utilising DCE-MRI for those patients with suitable lesions
3. To obtain pharmacokinetic information on the combination of CA4P and bevacizumab
4. To assess the effect of CA4P alone and the combination of CA4P and bevacizumab on circulating EPCs

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Histopathologically or cytologically confirmed malignant solid tumours that have failed standard therapy or for which no life prolonging treatment exists
2. Measurable disease as defined by the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumours (RECIST) criteria
3. At least four weeks since any prior immunotherapy, chemotherapy or radiation therapy prior to first dose of study drug (six weeks for therapy known to be associated with delayed toxicity such as nitrosoureas or mitomycin-C)
4. Age more than or equal to 18 years old
5. Adequate bone marrow function:
a. Absolute granulocyte count (neutrophils and bands) more than 1500 cells/mm^3
b. Platelet count more than 100,000 cells/mm^3
c. Haemoglobin more than 9 g/dL
6. Adequate renal function (Glomerular Filtration calculated by Cockcroft/Gault formula or measure urine creatinine clearance more than 50 mL/minute)
7. Adequate hepatic function:
a. Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL
b. Aspartate Transaminase (AST) and Alanine Transaminase (ALT) less than 2.5 times the institutional Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) (or less than five times ULN if liver metastases are present)
8. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status zero to two
9. Life expectancy of more than or equal to 12 weeks
10. Written, signed, dated, and witnessed (if applicable as per International Conference on Harmonisation [ICH] guidelines) Independent Ethics Committee (IEC) approved informed consent form before any study specific screening procedures are performed
11. Fertile subjects must abstain from sexual intercourse or use effective birth control
12. All Women Of Child-Bearing Potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours of first dose

Participant type


Age group




Target number of participants

~12 (3-6 per dose group)

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Contraindications, allergies or sensitivity to the use of the study medications or any other products required for participation in this study (i.e. contrast agents)
2. Presence of Central Nervous System (CNS) metastases
3. Diagnosed Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
4. History of Gastrointestinal Perforations
5. Surgery within 28 days of screening visit or a surgical incision that is not fully healed. Any surgery planned during the study period
6. Proteinuria more than 1 g/24 hours by 24 hour urine collection (perform 24 hour urine collection if more than 1+ on dipstick)
7. Recent haemoptysis (occurrence within the past three months)
8. Prior therapy with CA4P or bevacizumab, or other agents which target Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) or Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor (VEGFR) signalling such as Sorafenib and Sutent
9. Prior radiation involving more than 30% of the bone marrow
10. Radical radiotherapy to the thorax or abdomen at any time or post-operative radical radiotherapy to the pelvis. Palliative radiotherapy treatments are acceptable. Subjects with rectal primaries who have received pre-operative pelvic radiotherapy or chemoradiation are eligible if the small bowel was mobile and not stuck to the tumour
11. Active autoimmune disorder(s)
12. Immuno-compromised, including subjects known to be Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive
13. Active infection requiring antibiotic therapy or any other serious intercurrent illness
14. History of angina (stable or severe, even if controlled with medications), myocardial infarction, Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), non-controlled atrial arrhythmias or clinically significant arrhythmias including conduction abnormality, nodal junctional arrhythmias and dysrhythmias, sinus bradycardia or tachycardia, supraventricular arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation or flutter, syncope or vasovagal episodes
15. Electrocardiogram (ECG) with evidence of prior myocardial infarction (e.g., significant Q waves), QTc more than 450 msec or other clinically significant abnormalities
16. Taking any drug(s) known to prolong the QTc interval, which cannot be interrupted for at least four days during each treatment cycle
17. Known significant heart wall abnormality or heart muscle damage as evidenced on Multiple Gated Acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (this is not a required screening investigation)
18. Uncontrolled hypertension (defined as blood pressure consistently greater than 150/100 irrespective of medication), or controlled hypertension requiring use of more than two classes of anti-hypertensives
19. Uncontrolled hypokalemia and/or hypomagnesemia
20. Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease or cerebrovascular disease
21. Psychiatric disorders or other conditions rendering subjects incapable of complying with the requirements of the protocol
22. Receiving concurrent hormonal therapy with exception of gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) agonists in subjects with hormone refractory prostate cancer, Hormone Replcaement Therapy (HRT), oral contraceptive, and megestrol acetate used for anorexia/cachexia
23. Receiving anticoagulation with warfarin, heparin or low molecular weight heparin other than low dose (1 mg) warfarin for maintenance of central line patency
24. Women who are currently pregnant, nursing, or planning a pregnancy; or women who have a positive pregnancy test
25. Receiving concurrent antineoplastic therapy (radiation therapy, cytotoxic or biologic therapy)
26. Participation in an investigational drug or device trial within 30 days of entering the study

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment

United Kingdom

Trial participating centre

Mount Vernon Hospital
United Kingdom

Sponsor information



Sponsor details

230 Third Ave
MA 02451
United States of America
+1 781 547 5900

Sponsor type




Funder type


Funder name


Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Not provided at time of registration

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not provided at time of registration

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

1. 2012 results in

Publication citations

  1. Results

    Nathan P, Zweifel M, Padhani AR, Koh DM, Ng M, Collins DJ, Harris A, Carden C, Smythe J, Fisher N, Taylor NJ, Stirling JJ, Lu SP, Leach MO, Rustin GJ, Judson I, Phase I trial of combretastatin A4 phosphate (CA4P) in combination with bevacizumab in patients with advanced cancer., Clin. Cancer Res., 2012, 18, 12, 3428-3439, doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-11-3376.

Additional files

Editorial Notes