Condition category
Cancer
Date applied
13/09/2015
Date assigned
01/11/2015
Last edited
26/10/2015
Prospective/Retrospective
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Completed
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Human papilloma viruses (HPV) are a family of viruses which affect the skin and moist membranes (mucosa) lining the body. HPVs are very common viruses, and will affect most people at some point in their lives. These viruses easily spread from person to person via skin-to-skin contact or contact during sex. There are over 100 different types of HPV, with more than 40 affecting the genital area. Some types of HPV, known as high risk types, have been linked to the development of abnormal cells in the cervix. If left untreated, this can greatly increase a woman’s risk of developing cervical cancer. Studies have shown that a large proportion of new cervical cancer cases are found in less developed countries. A possible reason for this is that women in these countries do not have access to vaccinations or a structured screening programme testing for the abnormal cells (Pap smear), due to high costs and a lack of trained healthcare professionals. Rapid HPV self-testing is where the woman herself is able to take a sample which can be tested. This has the advantage of being very inexpensive, and can reach a lot more women, especially in rural areas. The aim of this study is to test how practical and safe self-testing for HPV can be at preventing cervical cancer.

Who can participate?
Healthy women between 30 and 49 years old, with a good understanding of the HPV screening procedure.

What does the study involve?
Women are given swabs so that they can take samples to be tested for HPV. Women who have a negative HPV test (absence of a HPV type that is linked to cervical cancer) are provided with reassurance and asked to repeat the test in 5 to 10 years. Women who have a positive HPV test (presence of a HPV type that is linked to cervical cancer) are invited for a visual inspection, where digital photographs of the cervix are taken and reviewed by experts. If the result is abnormal, then the women are offered therapy.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Not provided at time of registration

Where is the study run from?
Dschang District Hospital (Cameroon)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
June 2014 to August 2016

Who is funding the study?
1. Geneva University Hospitals (Switzerland)
2. National fight against cancer Committee (France)

Who is the main contact?
Professor Patrick Petignat

Trial website

Contact information

Type

Public

Primary contact

Prof Patrick Petignat

ORCID ID

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-533X

Contact details

Boulevard de la Cluse 30
Geneva
1205
Switzerland

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number

ClinicalTrials.gov number

Protocol/serial number

15-068

Study information

Scientific title

Cervical cancer screening in Cameroon: Feasibility of a single-visit approach using rapid HPV-testing

Acronym

Study hypothesis

Feasibility of a single-visit approach using rapid HPV-testing in low ressource setting as Cameroon.

Ethics approval

1. Commission Cantonale d'Ethique de la Recherche (CCER) de Genève, 16/06/2015, ref: 15-068
2. National Ethics Committee for Human Health Research (Cameroon), 27/02/2015, ref: 2015/02/559/CE/CNERSH/SP

Study design

Prospective non-randomised study

Primary study design

Interventional

Secondary study design

Non randomised study

Trial setting

Hospitals

Trial type

Prevention

Patient information sheet

Condition

Cervical cancer

Intervention

All women will perform HPV testing. HPV-negative women will be reassured and counseled to repeat the test in 5 to 10 years. HPV-positive women with normal VIA/VILI test will undergo an endocervical curettage (ECC) and cytology to exclude presence of occult disease. HPV-positive women with abnormal VIA/VILI test will undergo a biopsy of abnormal area followed by therapy with cold coagulation. Pictures of the cervix and abnormal areas will be taken to assure a control of quality.

Intervention type

Other

Phase

Drug names

Primary outcome measures

The prevalence of HPV infection and cervical pre-cancer and cancer will be determined among Cameroonian women at baseline, 6 months and 1 year.

Secondary outcome measures

1. To compare the agreement between histology and VIA results as well as cervical picture and VIA results, measured using the kappa statistic at 6 and 12 months
2. To evaluate the association of risk factors leading to high-risk HPV infection and promoting cervical neoplasia using calculated odds ratio (OR) at 6 months follow up
3. Verification as to whether HPV self-testing alone is an accurate test and can reduce the need for physician-cervical sampling, measured at 6 months follow up
4. HPV clearance is measured at 6 and 12 months

Overall trial start date

12/06/2014

Overall trial end date

31/08/2016

Reason abandoned

Eligibility

Participant inclusion criteria

1. Women aged 30-49
2. Understanding of study procedures

Participant type

Healthy volunteer

Age group

Other

Gender

Female

Target number of participants

1000

Participant exclusion criteria

1. Pregnancy
2. Previous hysterectomy
3. Conditions that can interfere with visualization of the cervix (menstruation)
4. Women who not able to comply with protocol study

Recruitment start date

08/07/2015

Recruitment end date

04/09/2015

Locations

Countries of recruitment

Cameroon

Trial participating centre

Dschang District Hospital
Dschang
-
Cameroon

Sponsor information

Organisation

Geneva University Hospitals (Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève)

Sponsor details

Boulevard de la Cluse 30
Genève
1205
Switzerland

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre

Website

Funders

Funder type

Hospital/treatment centre

Funder name

Geneva University Hospitals

Alternative name(s)

Geneva University Hospitals, HUG

Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

government non-federal

Location

Switzerland

Funder name

National fight against cancer Committee

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype

Location

Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not expected to be available

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes