Condition category
Date applied
Date assigned
Last edited
Retrospectively registered
Overall trial status
Recruitment status
No longer recruiting

Plain English Summary

Background and study aims
Human papilloma viruses (HPV) are a family of viruses which affect the skin and moist membranes (mucosa) lining the body. HPVs are very common viruses, and will affect most people at some point in their lives. These viruses easily spread from person to person via skin-to-skin contact or contact during sex. There are over 100 different types of HPV, with more than 40 affecting the genital area. Some types of HPV, known as high risk types, have been linked to the development of abnormal cells in the cervix. If left untreated, this can greatly increase a woman’s risk of developing cervical cancer. Studies have shown that a large proportion of new cervical cancer cases are found in less developed countries. A possible reason for this is that women in these countries do not have access to vaccinations or a structured screening programme testing for the abnormal cells (Pap smear), due to high costs and a lack of trained healthcare professionals. Rapid HPV self-testing is where the woman herself is able to take a sample which can be tested. This has the advantage of being very inexpensive, and can reach a lot more women, especially in rural areas. The aim of this study is to test how practical and safe self-testing for HPV can be at preventing cervical cancer.

Who can participate?
Healthy women between 30 and 49 years old, with a good understanding of the HPV screening procedure.

What does the study involve?
Women are given swabs so that they can take samples to be tested for HPV. Women who have a negative HPV test (absence of a HPV type that is linked to cervical cancer) are provided with reassurance and asked to repeat the test in 5 to 10 years. Women who have a positive HPV test (presence of a HPV type that is linked to cervical cancer) are invited for a visual inspection, where digital photographs of the cervix are taken and reviewed by experts. If the result is abnormal, then the women are offered therapy.

What are the possible benefits and risks of participating?
Not provided at time of registration

Where is the study run from?
Dschang District Hospital (Cameroon)

When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for?
June 2014 to August 2016

Who is funding the study?
1. Geneva University Hospitals (Switzerland)
2. National fight against cancer Committee (France)

Who is the main contact?
Professor Patrick Petignat

Trial website

Contact information



Primary contact

Prof Patrick Petignat


Contact details

Boulevard de la Cluse 30

Additional identifiers

EudraCT number number

Protocol/serial number


Study information

Scientific title

Cervical cancer screening in Cameroon: Feasibility of a single-visit approach using rapid HPV-testing


Study hypothesis

Feasibility of a single-visit approach using rapid HPV-testing in low ressource setting as Cameroon.

Ethics approval

1. Commission Cantonale d'Ethique de la Recherche (CCER) de Genève, 16/06/2015, ref: 15-068
2. National Ethics Committee for Human Health Research (Cameroon), 27/02/2015, ref: 2015/02/559/CE/CNERSH/SP

Study design

Prospective non-randomised study

Primary study design


Secondary study design

Non randomised study

Trial setting


Trial type


Patient information sheet


Cervical cancer


All women will perform HPV testing. HPV-negative women will be reassured and counseled to repeat the test in 5 to 10 years. HPV-positive women with normal VIA/VILI test will undergo an endocervical curettage (ECC) and cytology to exclude presence of occult disease. HPV-positive women with abnormal VIA/VILI test will undergo a biopsy of abnormal area followed by therapy with cold coagulation. Pictures of the cervix and abnormal areas will be taken to assure a control of quality.

Intervention type



Drug names

Primary outcome measures

The prevalence of HPV infection and cervical pre-cancer and cancer will be determined among Cameroonian women at baseline, 6 months and 1 year.

Secondary outcome measures

1. To compare the agreement between histology and VIA results as well as cervical picture and VIA results, measured using the kappa statistic at 6 and 12 months
2. To evaluate the association of risk factors leading to high-risk HPV infection and promoting cervical neoplasia using calculated odds ratio (OR) at 6 months follow up
3. Verification as to whether HPV self-testing alone is an accurate test and can reduce the need for physician-cervical sampling, measured at 6 months follow up
4. HPV clearance is measured at 6 and 12 months

Overall trial start date


Overall trial end date


Reason abandoned


Participant inclusion criteria

1. Women aged 30-49
2. Understanding of study procedures

Participant type

Healthy volunteer

Age group




Target number of participants


Participant exclusion criteria

1. Pregnancy
2. Previous hysterectomy
3. Conditions that can interfere with visualization of the cervix (menstruation)
4. Women who not able to comply with protocol study

Recruitment start date


Recruitment end date



Countries of recruitment


Trial participating centre

Dschang District Hospital

Sponsor information


Geneva University Hospitals (Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève)

Sponsor details

Boulevard de la Cluse 30

Sponsor type

Hospital/treatment centre



Funder type

Hospital/treatment centre

Funder name

Geneva University Hospitals

Alternative name(s)

Geneva University Hospitals, HUG

Funding Body Type

government organisation

Funding Body Subtype

government non-federal



Funder name

National fight against cancer Committee

Alternative name(s)

Funding Body Type

Funding Body Subtype


Results and Publications

Publication and dissemination plan

Intention to publish date

Participant level data

Not expected to be available

Results - basic reporting

Publication summary

Publication citations

Additional files

Editorial Notes